Nissar Hussain Khan

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Ustad Nissar Hussain Khan (1909–93) was a Hindustani classical vocalist from the Rampur-Sahaswan gharana. He was a disciple and son of Ustad Fida Hussain Khan and after a long and illustrious career was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1971.[1] He was the court musician of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III at Baroda and was featured extensively on All India Radio. He was a specialist in Tarana. His most famous disciple is Rashid Khan.

Vocal style[edit]

Khansahib inherited a vast repertoire of well-known and obscure melodies from his forebears. His rich, resonant voice was cultivated through decades of training. He embellishes the modal form of the ragas with flashes of "gamaks", "bol-taans" and "sargams". As an exponent of the "khayal" style, he renders "taranas" with distinction.[2]

Training Rashid Khan[edit]

Khan's most famous disciple was his grandnephew Rashid Khan. Tutelage under his granduncle-guru changed the course of his life and made him what he is today. It was Ustad Nissar Hussain Khan who nurtured the latent potential of Rashid through his training in the traditional master-apprentice manner, first at his own residence at Badaun, Uttar Pradesh, and subsequently at the Sangeet Research Academy in Calcutta, where he spent the last years of his life.

Khansahib's gharana, the Rampur-Sahaswan gharana, owes its existence to the Senia traditions and has a revered lineage of classical vocalists like the great Ustads Bahadur Hussain Khan, Inayat Hussain Khan, Fida Hussain Khan and Mushtaq Hussain Khan.[3]

Partial discography[edit]

78rpm Recordings (HMV: c.1938 onwards)[edit]

  • N 15721: Todi, Allah jane; Jaunpuri, tarana.
  • N 15747: Kedar, kanha re nanda nandana; Bhairavi,tarana.
  • N 15776: Puriya dhanashri, payaliya jhankar; Desh, tarana.
  • N 15809: Multani, kangana mundariya; Miya malhar, tarana.
  • N 15834: Raga Bahar, kaliyan sanga karan; Bahar, koyalia kuk sunawe.
  • N 88215: Chayanat, jhanana jhanana; Malkauns, tarana.
  • N 88260: Basant, samana sunawe koyaliya; Pilu thumri, bake aika mori.

EP/LP Recordings: HMV 1961[edit]

  • 7EPE 1202: Gaud Sarang, Bin deke tere; Puriya Dhanashri, tarana.
  • 7EPE 1236: Vrindabani Sarang, Achchhe Peer More; Pancham, Mohe Ataman Kaise.
  • 7EPE 1242: Alhaiya Bilawal, Sumiran Kar Man; Jhinjhoti, Tarana: Tana Ta Tana Dere.
  • ECLP 2260: Abhogi, Vil. jhaptal: Charan Dhar Ayeri; Tarana: tintal; Gowardhani Todi. Vil. ektal: Tu Ayore Ayo, Drut tintal: Kahe Karat Mose Batiyan

HMV 1972[edit]

  • ECSD 2489: Lalit. Tintal: Yaarda; Bhatiyar. Tintal: tarana.
  • ECSD 2509: Basant. Phagwa Brih Dekhan; Jaijaiwanti. Tintal: tarana.

Odeon Records 1990[edit]

External links[edit]

All India Radio[edit]

North Indian Classical Music Archive[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Padma Awards". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 15, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2016. 
  2. ^ All India Radio/Odeon LP, PMLP 3065, 1990.
  3. ^ http://www.ustadrashidkhan.com/biography_backg.htm