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Scientific classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Nitrospirae
Garrity & Holt 2001
Class: Nitrospiria
Order: Nitrospirales
Family: Nitrospiraceae
  • Nitrospiraeota Oren et al. 2015

Nitrospirae is a phylum of bacteria. It contains only one class, Nitrospira, which itself contains one order (Nitrospirales) and one family (Nitrospiraceae). It includes multiple genera, such as Nitrospira, the largest. The first member of this phylum, Nitrospira marina, was discovered in 1985.[1] The second member, Nitrospira moscoviensis, was discovered in 1995.[2][3]


The phylogeny based on the work of the All-Species Living Tree Project.[4]


L. ferriphilum Coram and Rawlings 2002

L. ferrooxidans (ex Markosyan 1972) Hippe 2000 (type sp.)


T. hydrogeniphilus Haouari et al. 2009

T. aggregans Sekiguchi et al. 2008

T. thiophilus Sekiguchi et al. 2008

T. islandicus Sonne-Hansen and Ahring 2000

T. yellowstonii Henry et al. 1994 (type sp.)


The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LSPN)[5] and the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).[3]

♠ Strain found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Stanley W. Watson; Eberhard Bock; Frederica W. Valois; John B. Waterbury; Ursula Schlosser. "Nitrospira marina gen. nov. sp. nov.: a chemolithotrophic nitrite-oxidizing bacterium". Arch Microbiol. 144 (1): 1–7. doi:10.1007/BF00454947. 
  2. ^ Ehrich S, Behrens D, Lebedeva E, Ludwig W, Bock E (1995). "A new obligately chemolithoautotrophic, nitrite-oxidizing bacterium, Nitrospira moscoviensis sp. nov. and its phylogenetic relationship". Arch Microbiol. 164 (1): 16–23. doi:10.1007/BF02568729. PMID 7646315. 
  3. ^ a b Sayers; et al. "Nitrospirae". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database. Retrieved 2016-03-20. 
  4. ^ "16S rRNA-based LTP release 123 (full tree)" (PDF). Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database. Retrieved 2016-03-20. 
  5. ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Nitrospirae". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN). Retrieved 2016-03-20. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Lefevre, Christopher T.; Frankel, Richard B.; Abreu, Fernanda; Lins, Ulysses; Bazylinski, Dennis A. (26 Oct 2010). "Culture-independent characterization of a novel, uncultivated magnetotactic member of the Nitrospirae phylum". Environmental Microbiology. 13 (2): 538–549. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2010.02361.x. PMID 20977572. 

External links[edit]