Nitzanim

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Nitzanim
נִצָּנִים, ניצנים
Nitzanim Palace (2).jpg
Nitzanim is located in Israel
Nitzanim
Nitzanim
Coordinates: 31°42′59.75″N 34°38′1.68″E / 31.7165972°N 34.6338000°E / 31.7165972; 34.6338000Coordinates: 31°42′59.75″N 34°38′1.68″E / 31.7165972°N 34.6338000°E / 31.7165972; 34.6338000
District Southern
Council Hof Ashkelon
Affiliation HaOved HaTzioni
Founded 1943
Founded by New immigrants
Population (2015)[1] 341
Homes in Nitzanim destroyed in the Arab–Israeli War

Nitzanim (Hebrew: נִצָּנִים‎, lit. Flower buds) is a kibbutz in southern Israel. Located between Ashkelon and Ashdod on the Nitzanim dunes, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hof Ashkelon Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 341.[1]

History[edit]

Kibbutz Nitzanim was established on 400 acre plot of land purchased by the Jewish National Fund in 1942. On the grounds was a large building that became known as the "mansion."[2] The first residents were new immigrants, some of them Holocaust survivors. The kibbutz later absorbed additional immigrants from Poland and Romania.

The kibbutz was bombarded and captured by the Egyptian army during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War in the Battle of Nitzanim. Of Nitzanim's 141 members, 37 were killed and many were taken prisoner.[3]

Following the war, the kibbutz was moved four kilometres south of the original location, whilst the original site of the kibbutz became Nitzanim Youth Village in 1949. After the youth village closed in 1990, the community settlement of Nitzan was founded there. Nitzanim is surrounded by a nature reserve.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Women of Valor Center - Nitzanim Society for the Preservation of Israel Heritage sites
  3. ^ Nitzanim Beach Gems in Israel
  4. ^ Historical sites in Nitzan Israel Inside Out