Niua Islands

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Niua Group
Niuatoputapu.gif
Map of Niuatoputapu.
Map of Niuafoʻou
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean
Coordinates15°58′S 173°47′W / 15.967°S 173.783°W / -15.967; -173.783
ArchipelagoTonga Islands
Total islands3
Major islands2
Area71.69 km2 (27.68 sq mi)
Highest elevation560 m (1,840 ft)
Highest pointPiu 'o Tafahi
Administration
Tonga
Largest settlementHihifo, Niuatoputapu
Demographics
Population1282 (2011)
Pop. density23.01 /km2 (59.6 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsTongan

Niua is a division of the Kingdom of Tonga, namely the northernmost group of islands. It consists of three islands (Niuafoʻou, Niuatoputapu and Tafahi) which together have an area of 71.69 km2 and a population of 1,282. The largest village is Hihifo on Niuatoputapu. Piu'o Tafahi is the highest point with an elevation of 560 m.

Geography[edit]

The islands are the peaks of undersea volcanoes, towering from the sea, some of which were still active until very recently.

History[edit]

The Niua group was discovered in 1616 by Willem Schouten and Jacob Le Maire Cornelisz during their circumnavigation with the ships and Eendracht Horn to Europe.

Futuna, Alofi, Niuafo'ou, Niuatoputapu and Tafahi drawn on a 1646 map by Robert Dudley. In 1616, Dutch explorers Le Maire and Schouten were the first Europeans to visit those islands.

Coordinates: 15°57′34″S 173°46′59″W / 15.9594°S 173.783°W / -15.9594; -173.783