Niuafoʻou language

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Native to Tonga
Native speakers
(690 cited 1981)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 num
Glottolog niua1240[2]

Niuafoʻouan is the language spoken on Tonga's northernmost island, Niuafoʻou.

Niuafoʻouan has traditionally been classified as closest to ʻUvean and Tokelauan, in an East Uvean–Niuafo'ou branch. However, recent research[3] suggests that it is closest to its neighbor, Tongan, as one of the Tongic languages.


  1. ^ Niuafo'ou at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Niuafo'ou". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Marck, Jeff (2000), Topics in Polynesian languages and culture history. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.