Nivaclé woven pouch, AMNH
|Regions with significant populations|
|Paraguay||13,700 (1991) |
|Argentina||1,100 (2010) |
The Nivaclé are an indigenous people of the Gran Chaco. An estimated 13,700 Nivaclé people live in the President Hayes and Boquerón Departments in Paraguay, while approximately 200 Nivaclé people live in the Salta Province of Argentina. A very small number of Nivaclé live in Tarija, Bolivia.
They have five subgroups, which are as follows:
- Tovoc Lhavos, river people: Chishamnee Lhavos, people from above
- Tovoc Lhavos, river people: Shichaam Lhavos, people from below
- Yita' Lhavos, forest people
- C'utjaan Lhavos, thorn people
- Jotoi Lhavos, people of the esparto grass
- Tavashai Lhavos, people of the savanna.
They speak the Nivaclé language, which has two dialects: Forest Nivaclé and River Nivaclé. Nivaclé is one of the Mataco-Guaicuru languages. A dictionary has been published for the language, and the Bible was translated into Nivaclé in 1995.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nivaclé.|
- Hombre de Guerra, documentary (Spanish)
- "Introduction." Nivaclé Foundation. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "Nivaclé." Ethnologue. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Censo Nacional de Población, Hogares y Viviendas 2010
- "Nivaclé - Orientation." Countries and Their Cultures. Retrieved 3 August 2012.