Nizamabad, Telangana

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Nizamabad
నిజామాబాద్
نظام آباد
City
Nizamabad Railway Station
Nizamabad Railway Station
Nickname(s): The City of Nizams[1]
Nizamabad is located in Telangana
Nizamabad
Nizamabad
Coordinates: 18°40′19″N 78°05′38″E / 18.672°N 78.094°E / 18.672; 78.094Coordinates: 18°40′19″N 78°05′38″E / 18.672°N 78.094°E / 18.672; 78.094
Country India
State Telangana
Region Deccan
District Nizamabad
Founded 1905
Named for Nizam
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Body Nizamabad Municipal Corporation
 • MP K.Kavitha (TRS)
 • MLA B.Ganesh (TRS)
Area[2]
 • Total 40.00 km2 (15.44 sq mi)
Elevation 395 m (1,296 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 310,467
 • Rank 144th (India)
3rd (state)
 • Density 7,800/km2 (20,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Nizamabadi
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC5:30)
PIN 5030 01,02,03
Telephone code 91-8462
Vehicle registration TS 16[4]
Sex ratio 1001/1000 Females/males /
Literacy 80.31%
Lok Sabha constituency Nizamabad
Vidhan Sabha constituency Nizamabad Urban[5] & Nizamabad Rural[6]
Website mcnizamabad.in

Nizāmābād About this sound pronunciation  is a city in the Nizamabad district of the Indian state of Telangana. The city is a municipal corporation and the headquarters of Nizamabad district.[7] It is also the mandal headquarters of Nizamabad mandal.[8] Nizamabad is one of the major urban centres and the third most populous and third largest city in the state, next to Hyderabad and Warangal. As of 2011 Census of India, the provisional population was 310,467. It is also one of the 100 cities of India, which is considered for Smart City project.[9]

History[edit]

Nizamabad was founded in the year 1905[10] when Nizam's Dominion were recognized, where up to it was known as Indur.[11][12] The Nizam of Hyderabad ruled over the Deccan region during 18th century, the city got its name from him. It was only during 1876 Nizamabad became a separate district when the districts in Hyderabad State were reorganized by Salar Jung-I, the then prime minister. In 1905 the railway line between Secundrabad and Manmad was laid.[13] The city was named after Nizam ul Mulk, the fourth Nizam of Hyderabad state. The Nizam Sagar dam was constructed in 1923 across the Manjira River at the village of Achampet[citation needed] which irrigates 250,000 acres (1,000 km2; 390 sq mi) of land in Nizamabad District.

Entrance to Nizamabad fort
Gurudwar in Nizamabad

Geography[edit]

Nizamabad is located at 18°41′N 78°6′E / 18.683°N 78.100°E / 18.683; 78.100.[14] Nizamabad is bounded on the north by Adilabad district, on the east by Karimnagar district, on the south by Medak district, and on the west by Nanded district of Maharastra State and Bidar of Karnataka State. The geographical area of the city is 50.34 square kilometres (19.44 sq mi) of which 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) is under Nizamabad Municipal Corporation and rest 10.34 square kilometres (3.99 sq mi) is newly merged from Nizamabad Rural.[15]Gandhi Chowk divides the city into two parts, locally known as Old City and New City. According to Telangana house survey the old city comprises majority of Muslim population.[16]

Climate[edit]

As the city is situated at a considerable distance from the coast, the climate is tropical savanna with most rainfall from June to October.In winter there is less rainfall than in summer. In the month of May 2015, Nizamabad recorded 46.1 °C (115.0 °F) which was highest recorded temperature in Telangana during this summer.[17] The temperature goes as low as 5 °C (41 °F) while the average is 18 °C (64 °F) during winter, while in summer the temperature rises as high as 47 °C (117 °F) and the average is 46 °C (115 °F). Average annual temperature is 27 °C (81 °F).The average annual rainfall is 1108 mm.[18]

Climate data for Nizamabad City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
32.6
(90.7)
36.3
(97.3)
39.1
(102.4)
41.4
(106.5)
36.1
(97)
30.6
(87.1)
30
(86)
30.5
(86.9)
31.5
(88.7)
29.7
(85.5)
28.9
(84)
33.06
(91.51)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
25.1
(77.2)
28.7
(83.7)
31.9
(89.4)
34.5
(94.1)
30.7
(87.3)
26.9
(80.4)
26.4
(79.5)
26.5
(79.7)
26.1
(79)
23
(73)
21.4
(70.5)
26.99
(80.56)
Average low °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
17.6
(63.7)
21.1
(70)
24.8
(76.6)
27.6
(81.7)
25.3
(77.5)
23.2
(73.8)
22.9
(73.2)
22.6
(72.7)
20.7
(69.3)
16.3
(61.3)
13.9
(57)
20.95
(69.71)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.12)
9
(0.35)
11
(0.43)
17
(0.67)
21
(0.83)
145
(5.71)
328
(12.91)
283
(11.14)
201
(7.91)
71
(2.8)
15
(0.59)
4
(0.16)
1,108
(43.62)
Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 1m[19]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 India census,[20] Nizāmābād had a population of 310,467. Males constituted 51 percent of the population, and females constituted 49 percent. Nizamabad has an average literacy rate of 80.31 percent, higher than the national average of 74.04 percent; male literacy is 86.82 percent and female literacy is 73.83 percent. In Nizamabad, 13 percent of the population is under six years of age. The 2014 House Hold Survey by the Government of Telangana recorded the population as 487,709.[21]

Religions in Nizamabad[16][22][23]
Religion Percent
Hindu
  
55.27%
Muslim
  
40.84%
Christians
  
1.66%
Others†
  
2.23%
Includes Sikhs, Jains

Administration[edit]

Municipal corporation[edit]

The Nizamabad Municipal Corporation is the municipal governing body of the city of Nizamabad in the India state of Telangana. The municipal corporation consists of democratically-elected members, is headed by a mayor and administers the city's infrastructure and administration. The Municipality was constituted in the year 1931 and upgraded as special grade Municipality in the year 1987. The Nizamabad Municipality upgraded as Nizamabad Municipal Corporation on 5 March 2005 vide GONo:109

E-Governance services[edit]

For providing facilities to the people the Government of Telangana started MeeSeva[24] (At your service) Service Centers all around the city and the state. The main purpose of this facility was to bring public services closer to home. MeeSeva provides online signed digital certificates like Income Certificates, Land Records and other Registration Records. These records are further stored online for database.[25] Nizamabad along with Hyderabad are the only districts[26] in the Telangana state which have their own Regional Passport Offices (Passport Seva Kendras), these offices carter the need of Adilabad, Karimnagar, Medak, Warangal, Rangareddy, Khammam, Mahbubnagar and Nalgonda of Telangana state.[27][28]

Law and order[edit]

Main article: Nizamabad Police
Nizamabad Police SUV

The Nizamabad Police is the local law enforcement agency for the city of Nizamabad and is headed by the city police DIG and SP. The city police traces its origins to 1847 under Hyderabad State. In Telangana state, Nizamabad was the first city to get CCTV surveillance system.[citation needed] In 2012, with a plan to bring the city under the radar 22 CCTV cameras were installed at 11 important junctions without taking a single penny from the government.[29]

Healthcare[edit]

Being the 3rd largest city in the state, Nizamabad is famous for its hospitals in northern Telangana region. Government General Hospital is one of the biggest government hospital in the state, serving patients from the cities and neighbouring districts of Nanded and Adilabad.[30] Khaleelwadi, also known as Doctor's Lane, is a locality & a hospital clustered area comprising more than 200 major private hospitals[31] and many laboratories.Considering the better infrastructure and resources available, Government Medical College was established in 2012. There are speciality hospitals for maternity care, chest hospitals, Meghna Hospital for Dental care, Indur Cancer Hospital. Apart from these multi-speciality hospitals in the city, Pragati Hospital is one of the only hospitals among the neighbouring districts which has recently established a heart transplantation wing.

Transport[edit]

Roads[edit]

Main article: Nizamabad Bus Station
Garuda Plus bus service of TSRTC

The city consists of 731 kilometres (454 mi) of roads[32] and is connected by roadways to all the major cities of India. The major highways that pass through the city are:

The National Highway 7, the longest national highway in India passes through the city which connects Varanasi  – Kanyakumari. National Highway 16, 500 kilometres (310 mi) long, starts at Nizamabad and passes through Karimnagar to Jagadalpur in the state of Chhattisgarh.[33]

Bus service is one of the important modes of transportation in Nizamabad. The Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TSRTC) runs around 700[34] buses from the city on a daily basis, with a bus for every 15 minutes to Hyderabad. They also offer a premium service, with Mercedes Benz buses, from Nizamabad to Hyderabad and Bangalore.[35] TSRTC also connects to other major cities like Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Warangal, Tirupathi, Vijayawada etc.

Rail[edit]

View of Platform 1 & 2

The Nizamabad railway station is located in the Secunderabad-Manmad section of Hyderabad Division of the South Central Railway Zone (SCR) and is one of the major stations on Secunderabad-Manmad railway line. Nizamabad has rail connectivity with major cities of India like Secunderabad, Mumbai, Banglore, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Warangal, Kazipet, Manmad, Vijayawada, Rajahmundry, Guntur, Nellore, Kurnool, Cuddapah, Tirupati, Erode, Pune, Aurangabad, Ahmedabad, Surat and Bhopal. It has frequent connectivity to Nanded and Kacheguda. The station is served by 30 pair[36] of trains every day.[36] There are also multiple weekly connections to major Indian cities. State capital Hyderabad is situated 160 km from train.[37]

Nizamabad railway station may become a junction connecting northern, southern and western India lines by March 2016.[38] Railway line from Nizamabad-Peddapalli via Armoor and Karimnagar is under construction. This section is a part of Delhi-Chennai line which is known as Grand Trunk Route. Once completed, Nizamabad will have direct connectivity to national capital New Delhi and the distance between Secunderabad and New Delhi shall be reduced to a large extent.

Due to high urbanization and extension of city limits,the Jankampet Junction railway station on north corridor and Dichpally railway station on the south corridor come under the jurisdiction of Nizamabad. Hence the stations that serve the city are:

Airport[edit]

Main article: Nizamabad Airport

The airport nearest to Nizamabad is Nanded Airport, at 136 km (85 mi) but it is non-operational and has only night landing facilities.[39] Rajiv Gandhi International Airport at Hyderabad, 162 km (101 mi) away, is the nearest international airport. An airport is proposed at Jakranpally near Nizamabad.[40]

Economy[edit]

Sri Ram Sagar Project (Pochampahad),Nizamabad

There are many industries in Nizamabad.[41] There are also industries in the public sector as well. Some of them include Nizam Deccan Sugar Ltd., Shakkar Nagar, Indur Green power Pvt. Ltd., and Nester Corn Products private limited.Nizam Deccan Sugar Factory was the biggest sugar factory in Asia during the reign of Nizams.[42] Telangana state government has set up Industrial Parks in Sarangpur and Nehru Nagar on the outskirts of city.

Real estate[edit]

Real estate in Nizamabad is booming since recent years[43] with large number of high rise apartments and commercial complexes as high as 15 floors are under construction,as the city is quickly spreading along its peripheral area the real estate industry is rapidly growing.[34]

Culture[edit]

Nizamabad's culture enriched under the patronage of Nizams.The city has a diverse culture with major proportion of city population being Hindus and Muslims and this mixing of religions has also resulted in many festivals being celebrated in Nizamabad such as Ganesh Chaturthi and Diwali of Hindu tradition and Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha by Muslims.Telugu and Urdu are major languages spoken by the city people, however English is also widely used for communication purpose. Even though the city has different religious communities, the people of Nizamabad are known for their harmony, cultural amalgamation and religious unity as there wasn't any communal violence reported.[1]

Cuisine[edit]

Hyderabadi Chicken Biryani

Nizamabadi Cuisine mainly comprises rice, wheat and meat dishes. South Indian dishes which include Dosha, Vada, Puri and Idly are common breakfast items. Hyderabadi biriyani with its blend of Mughlai and Arab influences is served in most hotels. Tahari is another dish, which is available in all the hotels of the old city area. The traditional food items Harees and Haleem are available during Ramadan.[44]

Education[edit]

VREC,A Block,Nizamabad

Nizamabad is a major education centre in Telangana. Many engineering colleges are located in and around the city. Vijay Rural Engineering College, Nizamabad (VREC), affiliated with Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad (JNTUH) is the reputed engineering college located in Telangana. Kakatiya Institutions of Nizamabad is the group of the most famous schools & colleges in state of Telangana and the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh.Students from neighbouring cities and districts like Nanded and Adilabad come here to study.

Telangana University is a public university under the Government of Telangana, located at Dichpally, 15 km from the city.Telangana University alone has 149 college affiliations of which 86 colleges are in Nizamabad and 63 colleges in Adilabad district.[45] There are many educational institutions that provide education namely VREC, Arkay College of Engineering and Technology,[46] Kshatriya College of Engineering,[47] Kakatiya Engineering College for Women, Ganga Pharmacy college,Government Medical College,[48] Nishitha Degree College, etc. Also 15 Model schools were established in the year 2013 by central government in EBBs, to uplift the education system & provide free education in English medium.

RGUKT, Basar popularly known as IIIT Basar is an autonomous institution located 35 km from Nizamabad. The official name of the institute is Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies. It offers six-year integrated B.Tech programme with three semesters every year for those passing SSC, for award of dual degrees in different specializations of engineering and science.[49]

Tourism[edit]

Haritha Indur Inn

Nizamabad has some tourist attractions in and around the city. The Government of Telangana has taken the initiative of developing ecotourism to attract the tourists.[50]

  • Nizamabad Fort is situated on the southwest of the city which was built by Rashtrakuta Kings in around 10th century, the fort was captured by Asaf Jahis who were the Nizams of Hyderabad, who then rebuilt the fort.[51][52]
  • Alisagar is a park and tourist attraction which is 13 km from Nizamabad and 2 km (1.2 mi) off the Nizamabad-Basar road.[53] The garden is spread across a large 33 acres of area,it has a deer park, trekking and water sports facility. It also has a hilltop guest house built by Nizam and is under renovation as of 2015.
  • Ashok Sagar is a lake, park and tourist attraction situated in Jankampet area, 07 km from center of the city. It has a beautiful rock garden with illuminated rocks and has excellent boating facilities.
  • Badapahad dargah is one of the oldest Muslim pilgrim centers, built in the memory of Hazrat Syed Hussaini, built on top of a hillock, located at a distance of 38 km from the city.

Notable people[edit]

  • Malavath Purna is a 13-year-old student from Nizamabad who became the youngest girl ever to climb Mount Everest when she reached the peak on 25 May 2014. She was accompanied by Sadanapalli Anand, a 17-year-old student from Khammam.[54]
  • Nikhat Zareen is an Indian boxer who won gold medals at international boxing tournaments.
  • Yendala Soundarya is the vice-captain of Indian women's national field hockey team.[55]
  • Suresh Reddy, Nithiin is an Indian film actor who works primarily for the Telugu film industry.
  • Sagar Bhogaraju is a young scientist who performed research work in structural biology and biochemistry which was presented at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Munich, Germany.[56]
  • Vennela Kishore (Director, Comedian)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Nizamabad Tourism, Travel Guide & Tourist Places in Nizamabad - Native Planet". nativeplanet.com. 
  2. ^ http://mcnizamabad.in/basic-information-of-municipality-2/
  3. ^ "Population 2011" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Nizamabad Urban Elections Results 2014, Current MLA, Candidate List of Assembly Elections in Nizamabad Urban, Telangana". elections.in. 
  6. ^ "Nizamabad Rural Elections Results 2014, Current MLA, Candidate List of Assembly Elections in Nizamabad Rural, Telangana". elections.in. 
  7. ^ "Nizamabad district". Telangana State Portal. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "Nizmabad District sub-districts (mandals)" (PDF). Census of India 2011. Government of India. pp. 126, 152. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "Hyderabad to turn Smart city, will get Central aid worth Rs 100 crore annually". Deccan Chronicle. 
  10. ^ http://www.thenizamabad.org/history.php
  11. ^ "History of Indur". nizamabad.nic.in. 
  12. ^ Students' Britannica India, Volumes 1-5. Popular Prakashan. 2000. p. 117. ISBN 9780852297605. 
  13. ^ "Tourism in India". google.co.in. 
  14. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Nizamabād". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  15. ^ http://mcnizamabad.in/basic-information-of-municipality-2/
  16. ^ a b "AP Muslims taken for a ride over political reservation in urban bodies’ elections". twocircles.net. 
  17. ^ Special Correspondent. "Nizamabad sizzles at 46.1 degree Celsius". The Hindu. 
  18. ^ "Climate: Nizamabad". climate-data.org. 
  19. ^ "Climate: Nizamabad – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. 
  20. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  21. ^ "Nizamabad info". nizamabadcorporation. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  22. ^ "Muslims of Telangana: A Ground Report". epw.in. 
  23. ^ "Welcome To District Nizamabad". districtnizamabad.com. 
  24. ^ "Telangana State Portal MeeSeva Services". telangana.gov.in. 
  25. ^ Our Bureau. "AP to offer 331 Mee Seva services by Oct". The Hindu Business Line. 
  26. ^ Special Correspondent. "Vizag passport office to cater to Guntur, Krishna, Yanam". The Hindu. 
  27. ^ "Districts realigned under Visakhapatnam, Hyderabad passport offices". The Times of India. 
  28. ^ "Regional Passport Office to re-align districts". 
  29. ^ "CCTVs lie unused in Nizamabad". The Hindu. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  30. ^ "State Government Seeks Rs 750 Cr from Centre for Pushkarams". The New Indian Express. 19 March 2015. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  31. ^ "Hospitals and Clinics in Nizamabad List One". rainrays.com. 
  32. ^ http://mcnizamabad.in/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Master-plans.pdf
  33. ^ "North South East West Map". National Highway Development Project. Retrieved 16 June 2008. 
  34. ^ a b "D I S T R I C T - P R O F I L E". nizamabad.nic.in. 
  35. ^ Mercedes. "Mercedes-Benz India - Welcome to the official website of Mercedes Benz India. Explore the information on the range of vehicles.". mercedes-benz.co.in. 
  36. ^ a b "NZB/Nizamabad (3 PFs) Railway Station - Today's Train Departure Timings - India Rail Info - A Busy Junction for Travellers & Rail Enthusiasts". India Rail Info. 
  37. ^ "Rs 250 cr for Peddapalli to Nizamabad Rail Line". The New Indian Express (Karimnagar). 1 January 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  38. ^ P. Ram Mohan. "Importance of Nizamabad railway station to grow soon". The Hindu. 
  39. ^ "21 airports failing to take off". The Asian Age. 
  40. ^ P. RAM MOHAN (7 June 2013). "More land required for airport at Jakranpally". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  41. ^ dcmsme.gov.in/dips/amended%20%20nizamabad.pdf
  42. ^ apind.gov.in/Library/District/nizamabad.pdf
  43. ^ "Nizamabad Master Plans". Master Plans India. 
  44. ^ "Hyderabad's old city comes alive as Ramadan begins". twocircles.net. 
  45. ^ "About Telangana University". Telangana University. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  46. ^ "Arkay College of Engineering & Technology". arkaycollege.com. 
  47. ^ "Welcome to Kshatriya College of Engineering". kcea.ac.in. 
  48. ^ "Nizamabad Medical College". gmcnzbd.org. 
  49. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/article1335736.ece
  50. ^ Special Correspondent. "Ecotourism to be developed in Nizamabad". The Hindu. 
  51. ^ http://www.india9.com/i9show/-Andhra-Pradesh/Quilla-Ramalayam-24147.htm
  52. ^ http://gonizamabad.com/nizamabad-quilla-ramalayam-raghunath-temple-photos/
  53. ^ "Tourism". nizamabad.nic.in. 
  54. ^ "13-year-old Purna becomes youngest girl to scale Everest". The Times of India. 26 May 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  55. ^ http://namasthehyderabad.com/?p=8902&lang=en
  56. ^ P. RAM MOHAN (21 September 2014). "Young scientist from Nizamabad making strides". The Hindu (Nizamabad). Retrieved 18 April 2015. 

External links[edit]