Nizamabad district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Nizamabad, Telangana. For the city, see Nizamabad, Telangana.
Nizamabad district
నిజామాబాద్ జిల్లా
District of Telangana
Nizamabad Fort Entrance
Location in Telangana, India (Officially from 2 June 2014)
Location in Telangana, India
(Officially from 2 June 2014)
Country  India
State Telangana
Region Deccan
Founded 1876 A.D[1][2]
Named for Nizam
Capital Nizamabad City
Government
 • Body Zilla Parishad
Area
 • Total 7,956 km2 (3,072 sq mi)
Area rank 8th (in state)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,552,073
 • Rank 10th
 • Density 321/km2 (830/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
 • Literacy 61.25%
 • Sex Ratio 1040[3]
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 503 xxx
Telephone code +91-08462
Vehicle registration TS 16,erstwhile AP 25 [4]
Climate Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,108 millimetres (43.6 in)[5]
Avg. annual temperature 27.0 °C (80.6 °F)[6]
Avg. summer temperature 46 °C (115 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 18 °C (64 °F)
Website nizamabad.nic.in
Districts of Telangana (Officially from 2 June 2014)

Nizamabad District is located in the north-western region in the state of Telangana, India. Nizāmābād is the current and official name of the district. The city of Nizamabad is the district headquarters. The district has 3 municipalities and a corporation at Nizamabad.

Etymology[edit]

Nizam stands for Nizam, the governor (of the empire) of Hyderabad State and Abad means 'Long Live'. The district's original name was Indur which was supposed to have originated from the name of the King Indradatta who seems to have flourished it during the 5th century A.D.[1] Later during the 18th century the Nizams ruled over the Deccan region and the district got its name from him.

Overview[edit]

Nizamabad is one of the smallest and least populous district in the newly formed state of Telangana, while Nizamabad city which is the headquarters of the district is 3rd largest city after Hyderabad and Warangal. The headquarters has a population of 310,467 as of 2011 Census which again makes it the 3rd most populous city in the state. The district has an area of 7,956 km² while according to 2011 census its population was 2,552,073 of which 23.06% were urban.[3] The total population is roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada.This gives it a ranking of 165th[7] in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 321 inhabitants per square kilometre (830 /sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Nizamabad is located at 18°41′N 78°6′E / 18.683°N 78.100°E / 18.683; 78.100.[8] Nizamabad is bounded on the north by Adilabad district, on the east by Karimnagar district, on the south by Medak district, and on the west by Nanded district of Maharastra State and Bidar of Karnataka State. The geographical area of the district is 7,956 square kilometres (3,072 sq mi). The district lies between 180 5' and 190' of the northern latitudes and 770 4' and 780 37' of the eastern longitudes.The Godavari River enters into Telangana from Nizamabad district at Kandhakurthi.

Demographics[edit]

Out of the total Nizamabad population for 2011 census, 23.06 percent lives in urban regions of district. In total 588,372 people lives in urban areas of which males are 291,804 and females are 296,568. Sex Ratio in urban region of Nizamabad district is 1016 as per 2011 census data. Similarly child sex ratio in Nizamabad district was 962 in 2011 census. Child population (0-6) in urban region was 67,471 of which males and females were 34,381 and 33,090. This child population figure of Nizamabad district is 11.78% of total urban population. Average literacy rate in Nizamabad district as per census 2011 is 77.22% of which males and females are 84.31% and 70.29% literates respectively. In actual number 402,216 people are literate in urban region of which males and females are 217,030 and 185,186 respectively.

Description 2011
Actual Population 2,552,073
Male 1,252,191
Female 1,299,882
Population Growth 8.80%
Literacy 61.25%
Area km2 7,956
Density/km2 321
Proportion to Andhra Pradesh Population 3.01%
Sex Ratio (Per 1000) 1040
Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age) 946
Per Capita Income Rs 26,241
Religions in Nizamabad district[9][10]
Religion Percentage
Hindu
  
64.1%
Muslim
  
35.4%
Christian
  
0.1%
Others
  
0.4%

Towns[edit]

Sl No Town Population Type
01 Nizamabad 310,467 Corporation
02 Kamareddy 80,378 Municipality
03 Bodhan 77,573 Municipality
04 Armoor 63,000 Municipality
05 Banswada 28,384 G-Panchayath
06 Bheemgal 15,446 G P
07 Yellareddy 14,923 G P
08 Domakonda 13,062 G P
09 Bhiknoor 12,134 G P
10 Morthad 11965 G P
11 Bichkunda 11,754 G P
12 Pitlam 10,327 G P
13 Rudrur 10,164 G P
14 Janakampet 10086 G P
15 Nandipet 9922 G P

Administrative Divisions[edit]

The district has 3 revenue divisions[11] namely, Nizamabad, Kamareddy and Bodhan. The district has one municipal corporation namely Nizamabad MCN and 3 Municipalities namely Bodhan, Kamareddy and Armoor.

Mandals

There are 36 mandals in Nizamabad district.[12]

Mandals in Nizamabad District with Mandal Codes
Mandal Code Mandal Name Mandal Code Mandal Name Mandal Code Mandal Name
1 Ranjal 13 Yeda palle 25 Sadasivanagar
2 Navipet 14 Bodhan 26 Gandhari
3 Nandipet 15 Kotgiri 27 Banswada
4 Armur 16 Madnur 28 Pitlam
5 Balkonda 17 Jukkal 29 Nizamsagar
6 Mortad 18 Bichkunda 30 Yellareddy
7 Kammar palle 19 Birkoor 31 Naga Reddipet
8 Bheemgal 20 Varni 32 Lingampet
9 Velapur 21 Dichpalle 33 Tadwai
10 Jakranpalle 22 Dhar palle 34 Kamareddy
11 Makloor 23 Sirkonda 35 Bhiknur
12 Nizamabad 24 Machareddy 36 Domakonda

Constituencies[edit]

Parliamentary Constituency

Assembly Constituencies

There are 9 assembly constituencies in the district.

  1. Armur
  2. Bodhan
  3. Jukkal (SC)
  4. Banswada
  5. Yellareddy
  6. Kamareddy
  7. Nizamabad (Urban)
  8. Nizamabad (Rural)
  9. Balkonda

Economy[edit]

Nizam Sagar Project

With major irrigation projects like Sri Ram Sagar (Pochampahad), Nizam Sagar, Pocharam, Ali Sagar Lift Irrigation, and the Gupta Lift Irrigation agriculture has flourished, and the major crops grown are sugarcane, turmeric, rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet, and all types of vegetables.

Industrial sector[edit]

There are many industries in Nizamabad. There are also industries in the public sector as well. Some of them include Nizam Deccan Sugar Ltd., Shakkar Nagar, Indur Green power Pvt. Ltd., and Nizamabad Corn Products.Nizam Deccan Sugar Factory was the biggest sugar factory in Asia during the reign of Nizams.

Household indicators[edit]

In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1015 households in 41 villages across the district.[13] They found that 95.3% had access to electricity, 98.2% had drinking water, 37.7% toilet facilities, and 30.4% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[13] 17.6% of girls wed before the legal age of 18[14] and 84.1% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[13]

In 2006 the Indian government named Nizāmābād one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[15] It is one of the ten districts of Telangana currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[15]

Transport[edit]

Roads[edit]

Nizamabad district has good road connectivity. Almost all the towns and villages in the district have well laid asphalt roads and are connected to district headquarters. Nizamabad has 2 National Highways passing through it, one being NH 7 which connects Kanyakumari and Varanasi and the other is NH16 which starts from Nizamabad and passes through Karimnagar to Jagadalpur in the state of Chhattisgarh.[16] The Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TSRTC) runs around 700[11] buses from district headquarters on a daily basis, with a bus for every 15 minutes from Nizamabad Bus Station to Hyderabad. They also offer a premium service, with Mercedes Benz buses, from Nizamabad to Hyderabad and Bangalore.[17] TSRTC also connects to other major cities like Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Warangal, Tirupathi, Vijayawada etc.

Rail[edit]

Nizamabad Railway Station along with Kamareddy Railway Station are the major train stations in the district which are located on Kachiguda-Manmad section of Hyderabad Division of the South Central Railway Zone (SCR). Not all the towns in the district have a rail network coverage but Nizamabad being one of the important stations on the line carters the need of the people. Jankampet Junction which lies on the north of Nizamabad city connects to Bodhan town.

Nizamabad has rail connectivity with major cities in India like Secunderabad, Kacheguda, Warangal, Kazipet, Adilabad,Nanded, Manmad, Khammam, Nalgonda, Mahbubnagar, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam, Rajahmundry, Guntur, Nellore, Kurnool, Cuddapah, Tirupati,Erode, Chennai, Banglore, Mumbai, Pune, Ahmedabad, Surat and Bhopal.It is served by 30 pairs of trains every day.[18] There are also multiple weekly connections to major Indian cities.

Nizamabad railway station may become a junction connecting northern, southern and western India lines by March 2016.[19] Railway line from Nizamabad-Peddapalli via Armoor & Karimnagar,[20] is under construction. There is also a plan for extending the railway line from Bodhan to Bidar.

Airport[edit]

Main article: Nizamabad Airport

The airport nearest to Nizamabad is Nanded Airport, at 136 km (85 mi) but it is non-operational and has only night landing facilities.[21] Rajiv Gandhi International Airport at Hyderabad, 162 km (101 mi) away, is the nearest international airport. An airport is proposed at Jakranpally near Nizamabad.[22]

Education[edit]

VREC,A Block,Nizamabad

Many engineering colleges are located in the district. Vijay Rural Engineering College, Nizamabad (VREC), affiliated with Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad (JNTUH) is the reputed engineering college located in Telangana. Kakatiya Institutions of Nizamabad is a group og institutions known for their excellence in state of Telangana and the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh.

Telangana University is a public university under the government of AP, located at Dichpally, 15 km from the city. There are many educational institutions that provide education namely VREC, Arkay College of Engineering and Technology,[23] Kshatriya College of Engineering,[24] Kakatiya Engineering College for Women, Government Medical College,[25] Nishitha Degree College, etc.

RGUKT, Basar popularly known as IIIT Basar is an autonomous institution located 35 km from Nizamabad. The official name of the institute is Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies. It offers six-year integrated B.Tech programme with three semesters every year for those passing SSC, for award of dual degrees in different specializations of engineering and science.[26]

Tourism[edit]

  • Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuaryis a forest and wildlife sanctuary spread across 130 square kilometres (50 sq mi), between the districts of Nizamabad and Medak,[27] it was a former hunting ground of the Nizam that was declared a wildlife sanctuary in the early 20th century.
  • Alisagar is 10 km (6.2 mi) from Nizamabad city and 2 km (1.2 mi) off the Nizamabad-Basar road. The forest spread along with the summer house, well laid out gardens, an island and hilltop guest house make it a favored getaway. Adding to the attraction is the deer park and facilities for trekking and water sports.
  • Badapahad dargah is one of the oldest Muslim pilgrim centers,built in the memory of Hazrat Syed Hussaini,built on top of a hillock,located at a distance of 38 kilometers from the city.
  • Lord Hanuman temple at Sarangapoor, magnificently carved on a hill,which is 5 km away from Nizamabad.

Notable[edit]

  • Malavath Purna, a 13-year-old student from Nizamabad became the youngest person ever to climb the Mount Everest when she reached the peak on 25 May 2014. She was accompanied by Sadanapalli Anand, another 17-year-old student from Khammam.[28]
  • Nikhat Zareen is an Indian boxer who won gold medals at International Boxing Tournaments .
  • Yendala Soundarya is the vice-captain of Indian women's national field hockey team.[29]
  • Nithiin, Vennela Kishore and Dil Raju are famous celebrities who works primarily for the Telugu film industry.
  • Sagar Bhogaraju is a young scientist who is in the limelight after his research work in structural biology and biochemistry which was presented at the prestigious Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Munich, Germany.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://nizamabad.nic.in/code/history.htm
  2. ^ http://www.nizamabadinfo.com/history.php
  3. ^ a b http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/119-nizamabad.html
  4. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  5. ^ http://en.climate-data.org/location/714766/
  6. ^ "Climate: Nizamabad – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. 
  7. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php
  8. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Nizamabād". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  9. ^ http://www.epw.in/election-specials/muslims-telangana-ground-report.html
  10. ^ http://www.districtnizamabad.com/demographics/religion/index.aspx
  11. ^ a b http://nizamabad.nic.in/code/atg.htm
  12. ^ nizamabad.nic.in. "Mandals List". Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  14. ^ "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03. To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females. 
  15. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  16. ^ "North South East West Map". National Highway Development Project. Retrieved 16 June 2008. 
  17. ^ Mercedes Benz of India
  18. ^ "NZB/Nizamabad (3 PFs) Railway Station - Today's Train Departure Timings - India Rail Info - A Busy Junction for Travellers & Rail Enthusiasts". India Rail Info. 
  19. ^ P. Ram Mohan. "Importance of Nizamabad railway station to grow soon". The Hindu. 
  20. ^ "Rs 250 cr for Peddapalli to Nizamabad Rail Line". The New Indian Express. 
  21. ^ http://www.asianage.com/mumbai/21-airports-failing-take-824
  22. ^ P. RAM MOHAN (7 June 2013). "More land required for airport at Jakranpally". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  23. ^ Arkay College of Engineering & Technology
  24. ^ Welcome to Kshatriya College of Engineering - KCEA website
  25. ^ Nizamabad Medical College Meghana Dental College
  26. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/article1335736.ece
  27. ^ http://forest.ap.nic.in/WL%20POCHARAM.htm
  28. ^ "13-year-old Purna becomes youngest girl to scale Everest". The Times of India. 26 May 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  29. ^ http://namasthehyderabad.com/?p=8902&lang=en
  30. ^ P. Ram Mohan (21 September 2014). "Young scientist from Nizamabad making strides". Nizamabad. Retrieved 26 April 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°41′N 78°6′E / 18.683°N 78.100°E / 18.683; 78.100

Martialarts:

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