Nizhnekamsk Reservoir

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Lower Kama Reservoir, Nizhnekamsk Reservoir
Nishnekamsk reservoir Naberezhnye Chelny.JPG
Nishnekamsk reservoir near Naberezhnye Chelny.
Coordinates55°53′N 52°45′E / 55.883°N 52.750°E / 55.883; 52.750Coordinates: 55°53′N 52°45′E / 55.883°N 52.750°E / 55.883; 52.750
TypeHydroelectric reservoir
Primary inflowsKama, Belaya, Ik, Izh, Syun, Menzelya Rivers
Primary outflowsKama
Basin countriesRussia
Max. length200 km (120 mi)
Surface area1,084 km2 (419 sq mi)
Water volume2.8 km3 (2.3×10^6 acre⋅ft)
Surface elevation63,3 (68 planned)
SettlementsNaberezhnye Chelny
Mendeleyevsk
Menzelinsk
Sarapul
Neftekamsk
Kambarka
Agidel

Lower Kama Reservoir or Nizhnekamsk Reservoir (Russian: Нижнекамское водоранилище; Tatar: Түбән Кама сусаклагычы) is the lowest reservoir from the Kama River hydroelectric cascade. It is situated in Tatarstan, Udmurtia, Bashkortostan and Perm Krai, Russian Federation. The reservoir was filled in 1978-81 up to 62 m above sea level after the construction of dam of the Lower Kama Hydroelectric Station. The water level in reservoir depends on the upper reservoirs regime (Kama Reservoir and Votkinsk Reservoir). The Lower Kama Reservoir has a surface area of 1,084 km² and a volume of 2.8 billion cubic meters. Its length along Kama is 185 km and 157 km along Belaya. The reservoir also used for water supply, irrigation and fishing.[1]

The planned level of the reservoir is 68 m above sea level. Tatarstan government announced plans to reach the full planned power of the electric station.[2] However, ecological movement inside of Tatarstan opposes these plans, as the reservoir will flood Kulyagash wetland and other lands in that case.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Tatar) Tatar Encyclopaedia. Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Parliament Gives Up On Reviving Kama Alany Nuclear Power Station Project
  3. ^ Nuclear Project Sparks Criticism

External links[edit]