Nizhnevartovsk

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Nizhnevartovsk
Нижневартовск (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Nizhnevartovsk, lake Komsomolskoye skyline.jpg
Lake Komsomolskoye skyline
Map of Russia - Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Nizhnevartovsk is located in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Nizhnevartovsk
Nizhnevartovsk
Location of Nizhnevartovsk in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 60°57′N 76°36′E / 60.950°N 76.600°E / 60.950; 76.600Coordinates: 60°57′N 76°36′E / 60.950°N 76.600°E / 60.950; 76.600
Coat of Arms of Nizhnevartovsk (Khanty-Mansia).svg
Flag of Nizhnevartovsk (Khanty-Mansia).svg
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day March 9[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of December 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administratively subordinated to city of okrug significance of Nizhnevartovsk[1]
Administrative center of Nizhnevartovsky District,[1] city of okrug significance of Nizhnevartovsk[1]
Municipal status (as of January 2017)
Urban okrug Nizhnevartovsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Nizhnevartovsk Urban Okrug,[2] Nizhnevartovsky Municipal District[2]
Mayor[3] Vasily Tikhonov[3]
Representative body City Duma[4]
Statistics
Area 271.319 km2 (104.757 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census) 251,694 inhabitants[6]
Rank in 2010 73rd
Density 928/km2 (2,400/sq mi)[7]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+05:00)[8]
Founded 1909[citation needed]
City status since March 9, 1972[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[9] 628600-628624
Dialing code(s) +7 3466[citation needed]
Website
Nizhnevartovsk on Wikimedia Commons

Nizhnevartovsk (Russian: Нижневартовск, IPA: [nʲɪʐnʲɪˈvartəfsk]) is a city in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia. It is an independent city, but serves as the administrative center of Nizhnevartovsky District. Since the 1960s, the Western Siberian oil boom led to Nizhnevartovsk's rapid growth from a small settlement to a city due to its location beside the Samotlor oil field along the right bank of the Ob River, 30 kilometres (19 miles) from the Tomsk Oblast border, and the presence of the petroleum industry has made it one of the wealthiest cities in Russia.

Nizhnevartovsk is one of the few cities in Russia that exceeds the population of the administrative center of its federal subject. Population: 251,694 (2010 Census);[6] 239,044 (2002 Census);[10] 241,457 (1989 Census).[11]

History[edit]

Nizhnevartovsk was founded in 1909, built as a service point for merchant steamships operating on the Ob River to acquire stocks of firewood to power their boats. The new village had 5 homes with a population of 11 people, and was named Nizhnevartovskoye (Нижневартовское) meaning "Lower Vartov" in reference to the Vartovskaya River, a tributary of the Ob located 180 versts downstream from the village. In early 1924, the Nizhnevartovsk selsoviet village council was formed.

Nizhnevartovsk remained a relatively small settlement until the 1960s when the Soviet authorities began widespread prospecting for the petroleum industry in the Western Siberia region, discovering the Samotlor oil field, one of the largest oil fields in the world, beneath the nearby Lake Samoltor to the north of Nizhnevartovsk. The discovery saw its rapid development and growth from a large village to a boom town, Komsomol volunteers were brought in from across the country to construct the city, and Nizhnevartovsk's population skyrocketed from 2300 people in 1959 to 15,663 in 1970. Town status was granted to Nizhnevartovsk on March 9, 1972.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Nizhnevartovsk is situated in the Sredneobskaya Lowland of West Siberian Plain, in the middle course of the Ob River on its northern bank. Geographical coordinates are 60°57′00″N 76°36′00″E / 60.95000°N 76.60000°E / 60.95000; 76.60000.

Climate[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification, using the 0 °C (32 °F) isotherm, Nizhnevartovsk features a boreal climate (Dfcb).

Winters are cold and humid, and prevailing wind patterns that blow from the South. The daily mean temperature in January, the city's coldest month, is −25.8 °C (−14.4 °F). Summers are typically warm and humid, but short, with a daily mean temperature of 18.2 °C (64.8 °F) in July. Transitional seasons are short.

The city receives 400–620 millimetres (15.7–24.4 in) of precipitation annually, mostly spread throughout the summer months. Average winter snowfall is 70–80 centimetres (27.6–31.5 in); this varies considerably from year to year.

Economy[edit]

Nizhnevartovsk is the center of the West Siberian oil-producing region and one of the wealthiest cities in the country.

Government[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Nizhnevartovsk serves as the administrative center of Nizhnevartovsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of okrug significance of Nizhnevartovsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of okrug significance of Nizhnevartovsk is incorporated as Nizhnevartovsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Notable people[edit]

In popular culture[edit]


Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #43-oz
  2. ^ a b c d Law #63-oz
  3. ^ a b "A new mayor has been elected" (in Russian). nv86.ru. 2016-10-25. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Социальный паспорт города Нижневартовска по состоянию на 01.01.2012 года. Официальный сайт органов местного самоуправления города Нижневартовска
  6. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  7. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Дума Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры. Закон №43-оз от 7 июля 2004 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры и порядке его изменения», в ред. Закона №129-оз от 9 декабря 2015 г. «Об изменениях административно-территориального устройства Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры и о внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новости Югры", №83, 17 июля 2004 г. (Duma of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Law #43-oz of July 7, 2004 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Law #129-oz of December 9, 2015 On the Changes to the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra and on Amending Various Laws of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Effective as of the day which after ten days after the official publication date.).
  • Дума Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры. Закон №63-оз от 25 ноября 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры», в ред. Закона №129-оз от 9 декабря 2015 г. «Об изменениях административно-территориального устройства Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры и о внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования и до 1 января 2006 года применяется в целях реализации статей 84, 85 Федерального закона от 06.10.2003 №131-ФЗ. Опубликован: "Новости Югры", №143, 7 декабря 2004 г. (Duma of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Law #63-oz of November 25, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra, as amended by the Law #129-oz of December 9, 2015 On the Changes to the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra and on Amending Various Laws of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Effective as of the day which after ten days after the official publication date; also in effect until January 1, 2006 in order to meet the requirements of Articles 84, 85 of the Federal Law #131-FZ of October 6, 2003.).

External links[edit]