Strigino International Airport

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Strigino International Airport
Международный аэропорт Стригино
Strigino Official Logo.jpg
Nizhny Novgorod International Airport (Strigino) - new terminal.jpg

IATA: GOJICAO: UWGG

GOJ is located in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
GOJ
GOJ
Location of airport in Nizhniy Novgorod Krai
Summary
Airport type International
Owner JSC "Nizhny Novgorod International Airport"
Operator HC Airports of Regions
Serves Nizhny Novgorod
Location Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Elevation AMSL 256 ft / 78 m
Coordinates 56°13′48″N 043°47′12″E / 56.23000°N 43.78667°E / 56.23000; 43.78667
Website www.airportnn.ru
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 500 1,640 Asphalt
15/33 600 1,969 Asphalt
18R/36L 2,805 9,203 Concrete
18L/36R 2,509 8,232 Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Passenger Traffic Increase 1,131,874[1]
Aircraft Traffic Increase 9,449
Time Zone UTC +4
Operating Time 24/7, All Year
Airport View from the air
The old terminal of Nizhny Novgorod - Strigino.
Apron bus at Nizhy Novgorod - Strigino.

Strigino Airport (Russian: Аэропорт Стригино (IATA: GOJICAO: UWGG) (also referred to as Nizhny Novgorod International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт Нижний Новгород)) is the international airport serving the city of Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. It is located on the outskirts of the city's Avtozavodsky District, 14 km (8.5 mi) southwest of city centre. Strigino is responsible for serving the 3,281,000 residents of the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.

Description[edit]

Strigino was officially exploited on July 23, 1923, as a domestic airport. Nizhny Novgorod International Airport is one of the oldest airports in Russia. In 2013, Strigino served 917,424 passengers, a +22.8% increase from the passenger traffic of 2012. Nizhny Novgorod's airport served 777,134 (+29.6%) passengers as of September 1, 2014. Strigino is one of the top 25 busiest airports in Russia. Its extraordinarily rapid increase in passenger traffic rate (≤+20.0% annually) is speculated to bring it to top 10 busiest airports in Russia by 2020.

History[edit]

1923-1994[edit]

It is unknown when the first aerodrome in Nizhny Novgorod was built, but its location was 0.5 km north from where the "Moscow" movie theater stands today. This aerodrome was named Nizhny Novgorod Airport. On July 23, 1923, the first domestic and regular flight in Russia was from Khodynka Airport, Moscow, to Nizhny Novgorod Airport, Nizhny Novgorod. The flight was carried on a 4-seated Junkers F. 13.

In 1937, due to Gorky's (Nizhny Novgorod's official name between 1932-1990) spontaneous population increase, the USSR Council of Ministers ordered that a new aerodrome was to be built outside the city's municipal district. In 1938, the new "Strigino" airport completed construction. Today, Nizhny Novgorod International Airport is still located in the same general location as the Strigino airport. The new runways could handle the Douglas DC-3, Junker F. 13, Junker A. 35, and other light-weight aircraft.

In World War 2, the airport served as an air base for the 201st air division. In 1950, 5 ears after the war, the division was regrouped into the 148th air division and relocated to air bases in the Far East.

In 1963, a new domestic terminal began construction. The terminal completed construction in 1965, and had its first passengers that same year. This terminal is still used today as Strigino's main facility for departures and arrivals. Also in 1963 a new enterprise "Nizhny Novgorod United Air Group" was formed. This group operated the airport from 1963-1994. From 1966-1973 a new administrative zone, repair hangar, cargo terminal, and hostel completed construction. Additionally, Strigino's apron was expanded and runway lengthened and reinforced.

Between 1976-1983 a second concrete runway finished optimization and a 6-storey "Aeroflot" hotel was built. In 1989, Strigino hit it passenger traffic record of approximately 1,030,000. Renovations of the Terminal A (main terminal) we made in 1991 after the dissolution of the USSR, and in 1993 in preparation for gaining international status.

1994-2011[edit]

In 1994, after the fall of the Soviet Union and a rapid increase in international flights, and after the airport passed the ICAO Category I standards, Strigino was given international status. Also in 1994 the "Nizhny Novgorod United Air Group" was split into 3 new companies: the state-owned "Nizhny Novgorod International Airport", the "Nizhny Novgorod Airlines" airline company, and the "Aeronavigation NN".

In 2003, after a steady decrease in passenger traffic and a lack of sufficient funds, Nizhny Novgorod International Airport went bankrupt and was forced to host multiple auctions. Beginning 2004, the traffic rate began to rise again, but at a relatively low pace. This was due to a certain locked cycle involving NN's low poetntial. Nizhny Novgorod needed more passengers in order to start receiving investments. But in order to have more passengers, a new modern terminal was needed to be built, to set a more pleasant environment. However, there weren't enough funds to build the new terminal, and the cycle refreshes.

2011-Present[edit]

In 2011 HC Airports of Regions won their bid on the investment project into Nizhny Novgorod International Airport. In 2012, certain renovations were made in order to more efficiently exploit the existing facility whilst the new one is being built.

In June 2014, the construction of new terminal started. It is supposed to be opened by December 2015 and be able to handle around 300 passengers per hour. The second terminal will be built after the World Cup in 2018, hosted by Nizhny Novgorod among others, and the aforementioned railway station is planned to be constructed during that time as well. The new terminal was opened on December 29, 2015 as the first flight, from Moscow, was directed there. Airport authority plans to redirect all the domestic flights to the new terminal by February 2016 and all the international flights by April 2016.

Passenger Statistics[edit]

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Increase 175,385 Increase 197,672 Increase 220,573 Increase 284,520 Increase 356,362 Decrease 299,721 Increase 376,799 Increase 461,424 Increase 747,165 Increase 917,424 Increase 1,131,874

Construction[edit]

Terminals[edit]

Decision for New Terminal[edit]

Strigino's intense passenger traffic rate increase provoked an interest from multiple stock companies, including Basel Aero and HC Airports of Regions. AoR (Airports of Regions) won their bid on the investment project in Strigino in 2011. That same year they developed a 10-year reconstruction plan from 2011-2021, broken down into 3 phases.

Terminal 1[edit]

This is the old terminal building which still works currently, and before the opening of the new terminal in 2016, it used to serve both Domestic and International flights. The current occupation for this terminal is under decision.

Terminal 2[edit]

This is the new airport terminal which was constructed in 4th March 2016, where in the same day it has began the testing passenger operations, the real operations commencing is under the decission. The difference between the terminal one and terminal two, is that terminal 2 contains air-bridges and it has a much bigger building. The current occupation for this terminal is under decision.

Railway[edit]

It is proposed that Nizhny Novgorod International Airport will in future serve as the 4th airport of Moscow. Certain measures have been taken to cement that idea. It has been officially confirmed that the Moscow to Kazan high-speed rail will pass through the Strigino Airport. The railway will go from Moscow's Kursk Railway Station to the planned railway station 700 m from the airport's new terminal. The ride is estimated at 2 hours. This major project is planned to bring over 6,000,000 passengers from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod Int. Airport by 2025.

Phase I[edit]

Phase I consists of the construction of a new terminal: Terminal B. The terminal will be 27,800 m² and will have 4 jet bridges, supplied by the ThyssenKrupp company. Terminal B will be 3 stories high, and will be able to support 1,500,000 passengers annually. Phase I also consists of building an 800 slot parking lot with 28 slots for handicapped citizens. The airports designs were made by the Hintan Assosiates company. Phase I is set to be done on December 31, 2015.

Phase II/ Phase III[edit]

Phase II takes into consideration the construction of a 4 star hotel, the high-speed railway station, and the expansion of the terminal. The expansion consists of an additional 2 jet bridges and 8,000 m². Phase III includes added 2 more jet bridges and 10,000 m² of total terminal area, as well as the construction of several business centers and a cargo terminal. Phase II is said to be completed by 2018, whilst Phase II should be done in 2021.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Rossiya Tupolev Tu-154M landing at Nizhny Novgorod - Strigino.
Volga-Avia Antonov An-24 at Nizhny Novgorod - Strigino.

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Simferopol 1
Azur Air Seasonal charter: Monastir 2
Dexter Air Taxi Izhvesk, Kirov,[2] Nizhnekamsk, Penza, Perm, Saratov, Ulyanovsk-Baratayevka 1
Ellinair Seasonal charter: Thessaloniki 2
I-Fly Seasonal charter: Heraklion 2
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Cam Ranh 2
NordStar Airlines Seasonal: Belgorod, Norilisk 1
Pegas Fly Seasonal charter: Cam Ranh 2
Red Wings Airlines Seasonal: Simferopol 1
Royal Flight Seasonal charter: Barcelona, Rhodes 2
RusLine Yekaterinburg[3] 1
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo 1
Saratov Airlines Seasonal: Mineralnye Vody, Simferopol, Sochi 1
Ural Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
Seasonal: Anapa, Burgas, Simferopol, Sochi[4]
1
Ural Airlines Dushanbe, Prague, Tashkent, Yerevan 2
UTair Aviation Moscow-Vnukovo, Samara, St Petersburg, Surgut, Yekaterinburg 1
UVT Aero Kazan[5]
Seasonal: Simferopol
1
Yamal Airlines Seasonal: Simferopol 1

Ground transportation[edit]

The airport can be reached by taxi, bus #11 from Metro station 'Park kultury', microbus (marshrutka) #29 from Metro station 'Park Kultury' and bus #20 from the railway station. However, taxi is the most common way for the passengers to reach the airport, since the bus stop was moved further away from the airport building entrance.

The Nizhny Novgorod - Arzamas railway line runs close to the airport. As of 2008, the authorities were studying the feasibility of constructing a railway branch into the airport, and a train station there, with a view to running trains from there to Nizhny Novgorod's main railway station.[6]

References[edit]

External links[edit]