Nkomati Accord

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Nkomati Accord
Agreement on Non-Aggression and Good Neighbourliness between Mozambique and South Africa
Type non-aggression
Context Cold war
Signed 13 March 1984; 33 years ago (1984-03-13)
Location Komatipoort, South Africa
Signatories P. W. Botha
(Prime Minister of South Africa)
Samora Machel
(President of Mozambique)
Parties  South Africa

The Nkomati Accord (Official name; Agreement on Non-Aggression and Good Neighbourliness between Mozambique and South Africa[1] ) was a non-aggression pact signed on 16 March 1984 between the People's Republic of Mozambique and the Republic of South Africa. The event took place at the South African town of Komatipoort with the signatories being President of Mozambique Samora Machel and Prime Minister of South Africa P.W. Botha. Despite repeated pleas from Machel for leaders of other SADCC nations to attend, the complete absence of any such heads of state demonstrated the derision the accord was viewed with from these nations. The treaty's stated focus was on preventing Mozambique from supporting the African National Congress on the one hand, and South Africa from supplying the RENAMO on the other.

Machel did not expel ANC members that had taken refuge in Mozambique and the South African government continued to funnel arms and other supplies to RENAMO. A permanent peace accord, the Rome General Peace Accords, finally ended the Mozambican Civil War in 1992 and was supervised by the United Nations' ONUMOZ force until 1994.


  • Msabaha, Ibrahim S. R., and Shaw, Timothy M (eds). Confrontation and Liberation in Southern Africa: Regional Directions after the Nkomati Accord (Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1987).
  • Text of the Nkomati Accord and analysis of the peace process
  • Y. G-M. Lulat, United States Relations with South Africa: A Critical Overview from the Colonial Period to the Present, Peter Lang Publishing Inc., 2008

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