Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma 2014.png
Chair of the African Union Commission
In office
15 October 2012 – 30 January 2017
Deputy Erastus Mwencha
Preceded by Jean Ping
Succeeded by Moussa Faki
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
10 May 2009 – 3 October 2012
President Jacob Zuma
Preceded by Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula
Succeeded by Naledi Pandor
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
14 June 1999 – 10 May 2009
President Thabo Mbeki
Kgalema Motlanthe
Preceded by Alfred Nzo
Succeeded by Maite Nkoana-Mashabane (International Relations and Cooperation)
Minister of Health
In office
10 May 1994 – 14 June 1999
President Nelson Mandela
Preceded by Rina Venter
Succeeded by Manto Tshabalala-Msimang
Personal details
Born Nkosazana Clarice Dlamini
(1949-01-27) 27 January 1949 (age 68)
Natal, South Africa
Political party African National Congress
Spouse(s) Jacob Zuma (1982–1998)
Alma mater University of Zululand
University of Natal
University of Bristol
University of Liverpool

Nkosazana Clarice Dlamini-Zuma (born 27 January 1949) is a South African politician and anti-apartheid activist. She was South Africa's Minister of Health from 1994-99, under President Nelson Mandela, then Minister of Foreign Affairs, under presidents Thabo Mbeki and Kgalema Motlanthe. She was moved to the position of Minister of Home Affairs in the first term of her ex-husband, President Jacob Zuma.

On 15 July 2012, Dlamini-Zuma was elected by the African Union Commission as its chairperson, making her the first woman to lead the organisation (including its predecessor, the Organisation of African Unity);[1] she took office on 15 October 2012. On 30 January 2017, she was replaced as Chairperson of the AU Commission by Chadian Foreign Minister Moussa Faki.[2]

Since 2015, she is largely understood to be favoured by Jacob Zuma to succeed him both as President of the African National Congress (ANC) and as President of South Africa.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

Early years[edit]

Nkosazana Clarice Dlamini, a Zulu, was born in Natal, the eldest of eight children. She completed high school at the Amanzimtoti Training College in 1967.[11]

In 1971, she started her studies in Zoology and Botany at the University of Zululand, where she obtained a Bachelor's Degree in Science (BSc). She subsequently began her medical studies at the University of Natal, where she became an active underground member of South African Students Organisation, and was elected as its deputy president in 1976. She was exiled in the same year and finished her studies abroad at the University of Bristol in the UK in 1978.[12]

Subsequently, she worked as a doctor at the Mbabane Government Hospital in Swaziland, where she met her future husband, current ANC party president Jacob Zuma. Dlamini-Zuma has also been awarded honorary Doctor of Law degrees by both the University of Natal and the University of Bristol.[citation needed]

ANC[edit]

In 1985, Dlamini-Zuma returned to the United Kingdom to complete a diploma in tropical child health from Liverpool University's School of Tropical Medicine. After receiving her diploma, she worked for the ANC Regional Health Committee before accepting the position of director of the Health and Refugee Trust, a British non-governmental organisation. During the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA) negotiations in 1992, she was part of the Gender Advisory Committee.

She was suggested as a possible ANC candidate for the Presidency in the 2009 election and for the leadership of the party.[13][14][15]

Dlamini-Zuma was nominated for the ANC political party's deputy presidency by four provinces aligned to President Thabo Mbeki,[16] while the five provinces backing her ex-husband ANC deputy president Jacob Zuma preferred her as the national chairperson.[17] She was elected to the ANC's 80-member National Executive Committee in December 2007.[18]

The speculation of another cabinet reshuffle mounted up stating her to replace with Blade Nzimande as a Higher Education Minister which she denied later.[19][20]

South African government[edit]

Health Department[edit]

After the first all-inclusive South African elections of 1994, Dlamini-Zuma was appointed as Minister of Health in the cabinet of President Nelson Mandela, where she continued the work of previous Minister of Health Rina Venter to racially desegregate the health system and broaden state anti-tobacco measures.[21] Dlamini-Zuma introduced the Tobacco Products Amendment Bill in 1999, which made it illegal to smoke in public buildings.[22]

HIV/AIDS and Sarafina II[edit]

In August, 1995, against South African Communications Services recommendations for "cheaper and better" HIV/AIDS awareness programmes,[23] the Department of Health awarded a R14.27m contract to Mbongeni Ngema, a "good friend" of Dlamini-Zuma's, to produce a sequel to the musical, Sarafina.[citation needed]

Investigations into Sarafina II revealed that Dlamini-Zuma had lied to Parliament about funding for the project coming from the EU, and had ignored proper bidding procedures.[24][25]

Following criticism of the poor financial controls and commissioning procedures in a report by the Public Protector, the play was shelved.[26][27][28]

Dlamini-Zuma was also criticised for supporting Virodene, a "quack remedy" for HIV/AIDS,[29] which was in fact a toxic industrial solvent rejected by the scientific community as ineffective.[16][30][31][32]

Foreign Affairs Department[edit]

Dlamini-Zuma served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1999 to 2009, under both President Thabo Mbeki and interim President Kgalema Motlanthe,[33] during which tenure she was criticised for her "quiet diplomacy" in response to Zimbabwe's violent land invasions and anti-white racism.[34][35]

Home Affairs Department[edit]

She served in her ex-husband Jacob Zuma's 2009 presidential cabinet as Minister of Home Affairs from 10 May 2009 until 2 October 2012. She was lauded for turning around the grossly mismanaged department and achieving its first clean audit in 16 years.[16][34][36]

African Union[edit]

In January 2012, while still heading the Department of Home Affairs, Dlamini-Zuma contested the position of Chairperson of the African Union Commission. In doing so, she broke an "unwritten rule" that major African powers do not put forward candidates for AU positions.[37][38][39]

This angered many AU states, leading to a deadlock in the first election,[38][40] despite Dlamini-Zuma's backing by the fifteen states comprising the Southern African Development Community;[34][41] as a consequence of the failure to secure a two-thirds majority of the vote, incumbent Jean Ping's term was extended by six months,[42][43] until a second election on July 15 at the nineteenth session of the Assembly of the African Union elected Dlamini-Zuma to the position.[44][45] The vote was largely divided along language lines—Francophone states against Anglophone states.[34][46]

Dlamini-Zuma was unpopular and disliked among AU officials for her apparent disinterest and aloofness, and her absenteeism. Her leadership as Chairperson was considered a disappointing failure,[32][47][48][49][50] although she was praised for the managerial improvements she made.[40]

Controversy[edit]

On 7 April 2017, Dlamini-Zuma received scorn for labeling protest marches against Jacob Zuma as "rubbish"[51][52][53] and for characterising them as examples of white privilege.[54]

Her verified Twitter account posted "This is what they are protecting ... hence some of us are not part of this rubbish. They must join us for the march for our land they stole...” and deleted the tweet shortly thereafter. Dlamini-Zuma referred to the missive as a "fake tweet" afterwards.[55][56][57]

Personal life[edit]

Nkosazana Clarice Dlamini married Jacob Zuma, with whom she has four children: Msholozi (born 1982); Gugulethu Zuma-Ncube (born 1985), who married the son of Zimbabwean politician and President of the MDC, Welshman Ncube; "Thuli" Nokuthula Nomaqhawe (born 1987); and their youngest daughter, Thuthukile Zuma, who was appointed Chief of Staff of the Department of Telecommunications and Postal Services in 2014.[58] Dlamini, Zuma's third wife, divorced him in June 1998.[16][59]

References[edit]

  1. ^ African Union chooses first female leader, theguardian.com; accessed 8 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Morocco to rejoin African Union despite Western Sahara dispute". 30 January 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017 – via www.bbc.com. 
  3. ^ "Turbulence trending". Africa Confidential. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  4. ^ Butler, Anthony (10 April 2015). "Is SA's first female president on horizon?". BD Live. 
  5. ^ Munusamy, Ranjeni (26 April 2017). "Who wants to be a president? A dummy's guide to the 2017 ANC leadership race". The Daily Maverick. Retrieved 9 August 2017. 
  6. ^ Madia, Tshidi. "Succession, thy name is woman – Nkosazana pitches for President". BizNews.com. Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  7. ^ "Dlamini-Zuma touted as next president". The Citizen. Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  8. ^ Cohen, Mike; Mkokeli, Sam (24 April 2017). "Zuma's survival plan: keep power in family". Tech Central. Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  9. ^ Tau, Steven (29 April 2017). "Zuma wants to continue controlling ANC using ex-wife – analyst". The Citizen. 
  10. ^ du Preez, Max (2 May 2017). "Could it be Gerrie Nel vs Jacob Zuma?". News24. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  11. ^ Adams College, Historic Schools Restoration Project; retrieved 3 August 2013
  12. ^ "Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma - Profile - African Union". www.au.int. Retrieved 9 August 2017. 
  13. ^ Boyd Webb, "Is SA ready for a female president?", Cape Times (IOL), 16 November 2007.
  14. ^ "Dlamini-Zuma available for ANC leadership", Mail & Guardian Online, 16 November 2007.
  15. ^ "Dlamini-Zuma not in ANC succession debate", Mail & Guardian Online, 16 November 2007.
  16. ^ a b c d Dlamini-Zuma, the stern diplomat, Independent Online, 29 January 2012
  17. ^ "Dlamini-Zuma can just 'pick 'n choose'". Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  18. ^ Brendan Boyle, "Winnie Mandela tops ANC election list" Archived 2 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine., The Times (South Africa), 21 December 2007.
  19. ^ "Dlamini Zuma denies cabinet move | IOL Politics". Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  20. ^ Essop, Rahima. "Date for Dlamini-Zuma swearing in as MP still not finalised". Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  21. ^ "Health department gets tobacco award". Hst.org.za. 31 July 2000. Retrieved 13 April 2017. 
  22. ^ White, Anna (2001). "The Great South African Smokeout". Multinational Monitor. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  23. ^ "Mixed plaudits for public protector's baptism". The M&G Online. 13 September 1996. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  24. ^ Daley, Suzanne (8 October 1996). "South Africa Scandal Over 'Sarafina' Spotlights Corruption in the A.N.C.". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  25. ^ van Onselen, Gareth (8 April 2016). "Dlamini-Zuma and Sarafina II: The original Nkandla". South African Monitor. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  26. ^ "The Sarafina II Controversy". Healthlink.org.za. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2011. 
  27. ^ "Zuma's Response To Sarafina II". Doh.gov.za. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2011. 
  28. ^ "Ngema blames Sarafina". News24. 29 May 2003. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  29. ^ Campbell, John (18 July 2012). "Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma and South Africa's HIV/AIDS Past". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  30. ^ Myburgh, James (18 September 2007). "The Virodene affair (II)". Politics Web. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  31. ^ See also Virodene for further references
  32. ^ a b "One Zuma to another Zuma?". The Economist. 21 January 2017. Archived from the original on 14 February 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  33. ^ Pillay, Verashni (4 January 2010). "All the president's women". The M&G Online. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  34. ^ a b c d "Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma: SA's iron lady". News24. 16 July 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  35. ^ Mkokeli, Sam; Mbatha, Amogelang (16 January 2017). "Zuma May Put Ex-Wife in Cabinet to Ease S. Africa Succession". Bloomberg. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  36. ^ Bauer, Nickolaus (16 July 2012). "If Dlamini-Zuma leaves, who will steer home affairs?". The M&G Online. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  37. ^ Duff, Lyndsey. "Dr Dlamini Zuma's win does not herald smooth sailing for South African foreign policy". Igd.org.za. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  38. ^ a b "AU: Dlamini-Zuma vs Ping". News24. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  39. ^ "South African named first woman to chair AU". Al Jazeera. 15 July 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  40. ^ a b Allison, Simon (23 January 2017). "Farewell, Madam Chair: Inside Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma's troubled tenure at the African Union". The Daily Maverick. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  41. ^ "Dlamini-Zuma bids to become African Union chief". Sowetan LIVE. 19 January 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  42. ^ "Jean Ping fighting to keep top AU job". News24. 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2017-04-20. 
  43. ^ "AU chooses Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma as leader", BBC News, July 15, 2012.
  44. ^ "19th African Union Summit". African Union. Archived from the original on 2012-07-31. 
  45. ^ England, Andrew. South African wins top AU job, Financial Times; accessed 8 August 2017.
  46. ^ Howden, Daniel (17 July 2012). "Africa split after election win for Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma". The Independent. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  47. ^ Odinkalu, Chidi Anselm (23 July 2016). "Dlamini Zuma's term can's end soon enough". IOL. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  48. ^ "The scramble for the chair". Africa Confidential. 23 January 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  49. ^ Mqadi, Sinikiwe (15 January 2017). "Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma's simply did not do her job as AU chair - analyst". 702.co.za. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  50. ^ "Africa's top bureaucrat wants to be South Africa's next president". The Economist. 19 January 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  51. ^ "Dlamini-Zuma says 'this rubbish' anti-Zuma march tweet was fake". Sowetan Live. 8 April 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  52. ^ "Dlamini-Zuma says her 'not part of this rubbish' anti-Zuma march tweet was fake". Times LIVE. 7 April 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2017. 
  53. ^ "Did Dlamini-Zuma dismiss countrywide anti-Zuma marches as 'this rubbish'?". Times LIVE. 8 April 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2017. 
  54. ^ "Zuma's edifice starts to wobble". Africa Confidential. 14 April 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  55. ^ "Dlamini-Zuma labels Save SA protests ‘rubbish’". Eyewitness News. 8 April 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017. 
  56. ^ Evans, Jenni (7 April 2017). "Dlamini-Zuma rejects 'rubbish' march tweet as fake". News24. Retrieved 9 April 2017. 
  57. ^ "10 things about the #SAunites marches". East Coast Radio. 8 April 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017. 
  58. ^ Mulligan, Gabriella (25 July 2014). "Zuma's daughter appointed chief of staff at telecoms department". Human IPO. Archived from the original on 28 July 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  59. ^ Molele, Charles (15 December 2007). "So who will the Zuma First Lady be?". The Times. UK. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Rina Venter
Minister of Health
1994–1999
Succeeded by
Manto Tshabalala-Msimang
Preceded by
Alfred Nzo
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1999–2009
Succeeded by
Maite Nkoana-Mashabane
as Minister of International Relations and Cooperation
Preceded by
Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula
Minister of Home Affairs
2009–2012
Succeeded by
Naledi Pandor
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Jean Ping
Chair of the African Union Commission
2012–2017
Succeeded by
Moussa Faki