Noémia de Sousa
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Carolina Noémia Abranches de Sousa Soares (20 September 1926 – 4 December 2002) was a poet from Mozambique who wrote in the Portuguese language. She was also known as Vera Micaia. She was of mixed Portuguese and Bantu descent.
She was born of mixed-race heritage in Catembe, on the south side of the bay across from the Mozambican capital Maputo. Her father was a descended from a Luso-Afro-Indian family from the island of Mozambique; her maternal grandfather was German. Her father taught her to read at the age of four, four years before he died.
Moving to Portugal by the age of 25, she lived in Lisbon, working as a translator from 1951 to 1964. She then left for Paris, where she worked for the local consulate of Morocco. She went back to Lisbon in 1975 and became a member of the ANOP.
She worked with several newspapers and magazines throughout her life. Some of her most notable collaborations were with Mensagem (CEI); Mensagem (Luanda); Itinerário; Notícias do Bloqueio (Porto, 1959); O Brado Africano; Moçambique 58; Vértice (Coimbra), Sul (Brazil).
- Sangue Negro, Maputo: Associação dos Escritores Moçambicanos, 2001.
- "If You Want to Know Me" - this poem appears in many anthologies, including in Margaret Dickindon (ed.), When Bullets Begin to Flower, and Margaret Busby (ed.), Daughters of Africa (1992).
- Anita De Melo, "Noémia de Sousa", in Dictionary of Literary Biography: African Lusophone Writers.
- Margaret Busby (ed.), "Noémia de Sousa", Daughters of Africa, London: Jonathan Cape, 1992, p. 328.
- The Northeastern Dictionary of Women's Biography. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1999, p. 181. ISBN 9781555534219.
- Henry Louis Gates and Anthony Appiah (eds),Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience. New York: Basic Civitas Books, 1999. p. 26. ISBN 9780465000715.
- "Noémia de Sousa: poesia de combate em Moçambique", Noticias, 2 October 2013.
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