No. 10 Group RAF
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|No. 10 Group RAF|
|Active||1918 - 1945|
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Role||Defence of South western England and Southern Wales|
|Part of||RAF Fighter Command|
|Garrison/HQ||RAF Box, Wiltshire, England|
No. 10 Group of the Royal Air Force is a disbanded group.
It was formed on 1 April 1918 in No. 2 Area. On 8 May of the next year it was transferred to South-Western Area. In 1919 it was transferred to Coastal Area where it remained until it was disbanded on 18 January 1932.
The group was re-formed on 1 June 1940 within Fighter Command to enable neighbouring No. 11 Group to function more efficiently. Its area of operation was the south-western region of England. Commanded by Air Vice Marshal Sir Quintin Brand, 10 Group supported 11 Group in the Battle of Britain by rotating squadrons, providing additional fighter support when needed, and supplying additional pilots. The Air Officer Commanding (AOC) of 11 Group, Air Vice Marshal Keith Park, had a far warmer relationship with Brand than with the AOC of 12 Group, Air Vice Marshal Trafford Leigh-Mallory, who regarded Park with jealousy.
After the Battle of Britain, 10 Group also provided fighter cover missions for convoys approaching and leaving the British Isles. Pilots rotated into 10 Group from either 12 or 13 Group knew that soon they would go over to 11 Group, so the pilots took advantage of their comparatively safer area of operation to hone their skills.
No. 10 Group was reabsorbed into No. 11 Group on 2 May 1945.
Order of Battle 1 August 1940
|HQ, No. 10 Group||RAF Box||AVM Sir Christopher Brand|
|Pembrey Sector||RAF Pembrey||Wing Commander J.H. Hutchinson|
|No. 92 Squadron RAF||Supermarine Spitfire||Sqn Leader P.J. Sanders|
|Filton Sector||RAF Filton||Gp Capt R. Hanmer|
|No. 87 Squadron RAF||Hawker Hurricane|
|No. 213 Squadron RAF||Hurricane|
|Fighter Section, St. Eval Sector||RAF St Eval||Gp Capt L.G. le B. Croke|
|No. 234 Squadron RAF||Spitfire|
|Flight, No. 247 Squadron RAF||Gloster Gladiator|
|Middle Wallop Sector||RAF Middle Wallop||Wg Cdr D. Roberts|
|No. 152 Squadron RAF||Spitfire|
|No. 238 Squadron RAF||Hurricane|
|No. 604 Squadron RAF||Bristol Blenheim|
|No. 609 Squadron RAF||Spitfire|
The following officers have been in command of 10 Group:
1918 to 1932
- 1 April 1918 Lieutenant Colonel (later Colonel) A W Bigsworth
- 1 August 1919 Group Captain H P Smyth Osbourne
- 27 July 1921 Group Captain J L Forbes
- 1 December 1924 Air Commodore E A D Masterman
- 6 April 1928 Air Commodore T C R Higgins
- 1 November 1929 Air Commodore A W Bigsworth
- 1 October 1931 Wing Commander L C Kemble (possibly a temporary appointment)
- 1 November 1931 Group Captain (later Air Commodore) N J Gill
1940 to 1945
- 15 June 1940 Air Vice-Marshal Sir Quintin Brand
- 22 July 1941 Air Vice-Marshal A H Orlebar
- 4 November 1942 Air Vice-Marshal W F Dickson
- 5 May 1943 Air Vice-Marshal C R Steele
- 3 June 1944 Air Commodore A V Harvey
- 10 July 1944 Air Vice-Marshal J B Cole-Hamilton
- Nov 1944 Unknown
- List of Royal Air Force groups
- RAF Fighter Command
- Battle of Britain
- Battle of Britain Airfields
- Battle of Britain Squadrons
- "The Battle of Britain Chronology: Sunday 25th – Thursday 29th August 1940". Battle of Britain Historical Society. 2007.
- McCamley, Nick. "RAF Rudloe Manor". Secret Underground Cities. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
- Niehorster, Leo (31 October 1998). "Fighter Command RAF, 1 August 1940". World War II Armed Forces Orders of Battle and Organizations. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
- Barrass, M. B. (2017). "Group No.'s 10–19". Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation.