No. 194 Squadron RAF
|No. 194 Squadron RAF|
|Active||9 Aug 1917 – 21 Jul 1918|
14 Oct 1942 – 15 Feb 1946
1 Feb 1953 – 3 Jun 1959
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Part of||No. 20th (Training) Wing, RAF Middle East Area|
No. 221 Group RAF, India Command
No. 229 Group RAF, Eastern Air Command, South East Asia Command
RAF AHQ Malaya, Far East Air Force
|Nickname(s)||"The Friendly Firm"|
|Motto(s)||Latin: Surrigere colligere|
Translation: "To arise and pick up"
|Squadron Badge heraldry||A Malayan kris with a dragonfly superimposed|
|Unofficial Squadron Badge||A Flying Elephant|
194 Squadron RAF, though formed as a training unit in Egypt and ended as a casualty evacuation unit in Malaya, was for most of its active service life a RAF transport squadron that flew in South East Asia.
Formation and World War I
World War II
No. 194 Squadron was reformed at RAF Lahore, Punjab on 13 October 1942 as a transport unit equipped with Hudsons. It maintained mail and passenger routes in India until it became an airborne forces squadron in September 1943. Douglas Dakotas had started to arrive in May and, with the departure of the last Hudsons in September, No. 194 began paratroop training. In February 1944, supply-dropping flights to Chindit army units in Burma began and continued for the rest of the war. In January 1945 a casualty evacuation flight was attached to the squadron and Stinson Sentinels were used to pick up casualties form small jungle strips. After the end of the war, the squadron was engaged in general transport duties until disbanding at Mingladon on 15 February 1946. The squadron badge commonly used by the squadron depicted a flying elephant and the Squadron had adopted the motto ‘The Friendly Firm’ and although their entire fleet of aircraft carried this crest throughout the Burma campaign, Royal Charter never officially recognized it (That same crest can be seen on all three books about the squadron).
On 1 February 1953, No. 194 reformed for a second time at Sembawang in Malaya from the Casualty Evacuation Flight with Westland Dragonfly HC.2 helicopters for co-operation with security forces in Malaya. Bristol Sycamore HC.14s were received in October 1954, but it was June 1956 before the last Dragonfly left. On 3 June 1959, the squadron merged with No. 155 Squadron RAF to become No. 110 Squadron RAF.
|August 1917||July 1918||Airco DH.6, Avro 504 and Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2|
|October 1942||September 1943||Lockheed Hudson||Mk.VI|
|May 1943||February 1946||Douglas Dakota||Mks.I, III|
|Dec 1944||February 1946||Douglas Dakota||Mk.IV|
|January 1945||September 1945||Stinson Sentinel||Mk.I|
|February 1953||June 1956||Westland Dragonfly||HC.2|
|October 1954||June 1959||Bristol Sycamore||HC.14|
|9 August 1917||21 July 1918||RAF El Amiriya, Egypt|
|13 October 1942||18 February 1943||RAF Lahore, Punjab||Dets. at RAF Tezpur, Assam and RAF Dum Dum, West Bengal|
|18 February 1943||18 September 1943||RAF Palam, Delhi|
|18 September 1943||8 February 1944||RAF Basal, Punjab||Det. at RAF Chaklala, Rawalpindi, Punjab|
|8 February 1944||9 February 1944||RAF Comilla, Bengal|
|9 February 1944||1 September 1944||RAF Agartala, Tripura||Det. at RAF Imphal, Manipur|
|1 September 1944||2 November 1944||RAF Imphal, Manipur|
|2 November 1944||10 December 1944||RAF Basal, Punjab|
|10 December 1944||19 March 1945||RAF Agartala, Tripura||Det. at RAF Imphal, Manipur and from January 1945 to September 1945|
at RAF Kangla, Manipur and Monywa, Sagaing Division, Burma
|19 March 1945||21 August 1945||Akyab, Arakan, Burma||Dets. at Monywa, Sagaing Division, Burma; Wangjing, Manipur and Meiktila, Mandalay, Burma|
|21 August 1945||15 February 1946||RAF Mingaladon, Burma|
|2 February 1953||1 May 1953||RAF Sembawang, Singapore||Det. at RAF Kuala Lumpur, Malaya|
|1 May 1953||3 June 1959||RAF Kuala Lumpur, Malaya||Merged here with 155 Sqn to form 110 Sqn|
|October 1942||June 1944||W/Cdr. A.C. Pearson|
|June 1944||December 1944||W/Cdr. R.T. Chisholm|
|December 1944||June 1945||W/Cdr. R.C. Crawford|
|June 1945||August 1945||S/Ldr. P.M. Bristow|
|August 1945||February 1946||W/Cdr. D. Penman, DSO, DFC|
|February 1953||1955||S/Ldr. G.R.G. Henderson, AFC|
|1955||1957||S/Ldr. C.R. Turner|
|1957||June 1959||S/Ldr. F. Barnes|
- Delve 1994, p. 47.
- Delve 1994, p. 68.
- Delve 1994, p. 84.
- Delve 1994, p. 87.
- Pine, LG (1983). A Dictionary of mottoes. London: Routledge & K. Paul. p. 226. ISBN 0-7100-9339-X.
- Halley 1988, p. 253.
- Russell 1972, front cover.
- Williams 1987, front cover.
- Briscoe 2000, front cover.
- Sturtivant and Hamlin 2007, pp. 280, 288.
- No. 194 Squadron history on RAFweb's Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation
- Russell 1972, p. 1.
- BURMA STAR ASSOCIATION
- Rawlings 1982, p. 127
- Jefford 2001, p. 692.
- Sturtivant and Hamlin 2007, p. 280
- Briscoe, Deryk A. (ed.) The Friendly Firm Remembers: Stories by the members of the 194 Squadron in South East Asia. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada: Windrush Marketing, 2000. ISBN 0-9686189-0-1.
- Delve, Ken. The Source Book of the RAF. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1994. ISBN 1-85310-451-5.
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Jefford, Wing CommanderC.G. RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
- Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
- Russell, Wilfrid. The Friendly Firm – A history of 194 Squadron, Royal AIr Force. London, 194 Squadron RAF Association, 1972.
- Sturtivant, Ray with John Hamlin. RAF Flying Training and Support Units since 1912. Staplefield, West Sussex, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 2007. ISBN 0-85130-365-X.
- Williams, Flight Lieutenant Douglas. 194 Squadron Royal AIr Force – 'The Friendly Firm' (Burma Campaign). Braunton, Devon, UK: Merlin Books Ltd., 1987. ISBN 0-86303-326-1.
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