No. 207 Squadron RAF
|No. 207 Squadron RAF|
|Active||31 December 1916 – 1 April 1918 (RNAS)|
1 April 1918 – 20 January 1920 (RAF)
1 February 1920 – 19 April 1940
1 November 1940 – 1 March 1950
4 June 1951 – 27 March 1956
1 April 1956 – 1 May 1965
3 February 1969 – 30 June 1984
12 July 2002 – 13 January 2012
1 August 2019 – present
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Role||Operational conversion unit|
|Part of||No. 1 Group (Air Combat)|
|Home station||RAF Marham|
|Nickname(s)||"Black Cat Squadron" (WW1)|
"City of Leicester" (After 1939)
|Motto(s)||Latin: Semper paratus|
|Aircraft||Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning|
|Battle honours||Western Front, 1916–1918|
Biscay Ports, 1941–1945
German Ports, 1941–1945*
Fortress Europe 1941–1944
France & Germany, 1944–1945*
Honours marked with an asterisk* are those emblazoned on the Squadron Standard
|Wg Cdr Scott "Mox" Williams MA RAF|
|Marshal of the Royal Air Force, Lord Arthur W. Tedder GCB BA(Hons) RAF|
Wing Commander Vashon "Pop" Wheeler MC* DFC* RAF
|Squadron Badge heraldry||A winged lion statant|
|Squadron Codes||207 (Apr 1938 – Apr 1939)|
NJ (Apr 1939 – Sep 1939)
EM (Nov 1939 – Mar 1950)
Number 207 Squadron is an historic bomber squadron and, latterly, a communications and flying training squadron of the Royal Air Force, most recently based at RAF Linton-on-Ouse in Yorkshire, operating Short Tucano T.1 trainer aircraft.
It was announced on 5 July 2017 that No. 207 Squadron will again reform to become the Operational Conversion Unit for the UK F-35B Lightning Force and will return to RAF Marham in Norfolk where it was last based in 1965. No. 207 Squadron arrived at RAF Marham with six F-35Bs on 16 July 2019 before officially standing up on 1 August.
Formation and World War I
The main contingent of No. 7 Squadron RNAS was formed from "B" Squadron of No. 4 Wing RNAS on 31 December 1916 at Petite-Synthe, France. However, it is noteworthy that an earlier contingent of the Squadron had previously formed in Kondoa Irangi, Tanganyika, in May 1916, flying Aéroplanes Voisins and Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cs for seven months on reconnaissance and bombing duties until disbanding there in January 1917, thus leaving the component in France to endure thereafter. Formed as a specialist night bomber squadron in France in December 1916, No. 7 RNAS flew its first missions on 3 February 1917, with four Short Bombers setting out against the Brugge (Bruges) docks. In April of that year it re-equipped with Handley Page O/100s, using them for night raids, including attacks against rail targets and ammunition dumps during the Second Battle of Ypres. The squadron then split into two in July 1917, with eight O/100s forming the initial equipment of 7A Squadron - later becoming 14 Squadron RNAS - while 7 Squadron continued with 10 O/100s.
On the formation of the Royal Air Force on 1 April 1918 it became No. 207 Squadron, RAF, moving back to Netheravon in England for re-equipping with the more advanced version of the O/100, the Handley Page O/400, returning to France in July as part of 54 Wing and continuing to fly night raids against railway targets. It moved to Germany as part of the Army of Occupation in January 1919, serving there until August, when it handed its aircraft to No. 100 Squadron RAF and returned to England where it disbanded on 20 January 1920 at RAF Uxbridge.
The squadron re-formed on 1 February 1920 at RAF Bircham Newton. Its Airco DH.9As saw service in Turkey in 1922, when it was deployed to Constantinople under the command of Arthur Tedder as part of the British intervention in the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922); the Squadron returned to England in September 1923. It re-equipped with Fairey IIIFs in December 1927, and with the radial engined development of the IIIF, the Fairey Gordon in August 1932. In 1935, as a response to the Italian invasion of Ethiopia, it was sent to Sudan. The Gordon's Armstrong Siddeley Panther engine proved unreliable in desert conditions, however, and they were replaced with Vickers Vincents. The following year, the squadron, again re-equipped with Gordons, returned home to RAF Worthy Down, joining RAF Bomber Command. It re-equipped with Vickers Wellesleys in 1937, only for them to be replaced with Fairey Battles early the following year. Based at RAF Cottesmore, the squadron took the role of an Operational Training Unit.
Second World War
On 19 April 1940 the squadron's training role was assumed by No. 12 Operational Training Unit (OTU), allowing No. 207 Squadron to re-form on 1 November of that year as part of Bomber Command's No. 5 Group. At RAF Waddington, the squadrons's crews were assigned the task of introducing the ill-fated Avro Manchester into service. Later moving to RAF Bottesford, the Manchesters were replaced by the much improved Avro Lancaster in March 1942. The squadron relocated to RAF Langar on 21 September, owing to the Bottesford runway surface breaking up and needing urgent repairs. In October 1943, No. 207 Squadron became the first occupant of the newly opened RAF Spilsby bomber station.
The squadron was scheduled to form part of the Tiger Force against Imperial Japan. With the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki the Tiger Force plans were dropped and in November 1945, No. 207 Squadron relocated to RAF Methwold in Norfolk.
After moving to RAF Mildenhall in 1949 and briefly replacing the Lancaster with the Avro Lincoln, the Squadron was disbanded on 1 March 1950. Re-formed on 4 June 1951 at RAF Marham, No. 207 Squadron flew the Boeing Washington until March 1954, when it was replaced by the English Electric Canberra, which remained in service with the squadron until it disbanded on 27 March 1956.
On 1 April 1956 the squadron re-formed again at RAF Marham and was now equipped with the Vickers Valiant. Later that year no. 207 took part in the Suez Campaign. On 1 May 1965 the squadron disbanded with the grounding of the Valiant fleet.
No. 207 Squadron was re-formed on 3 February 1969 at RAF Northolt by redesignating the Strike Command Communications Squadron, which had been till 1 January 1969 the Southern Communications Squadron based at RAF Bovingdon. It was equipped with Devon C.2s, Basset CC.1s and Pembroke C.1s, with the squadron first retiring the Bassets in 1974, and its last Pembroke being transferred to No. 60 Squadron in Germany in November 1975, leaving 207 with 14 Devons. Detachments of the squadron were located at RAF Wyton and RAF Turnhouse. 207 Squadron was once more disbanded on retirement of the remaining Devons on 30 June 1984, VP952 ending up at the RAF Museum St Athan.
On 12 July 2002 one of the Flying Training Squadrons operating Shorts Tucanos at No. 1 Flying Training School, RAF Linton-on-Ouse was renumbered as No. 207 (Reserve) Squadron. The squadron was later disbanded on 13 January 2012 as a result of the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review.
No. 207 Squadron arrived at RAF Marham from MCAS Beaufort on 16 July 2019 with six Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightnings (ZM137, ZM139, ZM149, ZM150, ZM151 and ZM152) shortly before its reformation date of 1 August. No. 207 Squadron made their first sortie from Marham on 29 July. Wing Commander Scott Williams is the new squadron's first Officer Commanding who raised the squadron pennant when it stood up on 1 August.
|June 1916||January 1917||Voisin III|
|June 1916||January 1917||Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2|
|December 1916||December 1916||Caudron G.4|
|December 1916||April 1917||Sopwith 1½ Strutter|
|December 1916||June 1917||Short Bomber|
|April 1917||April 1918||Handley O/100|
|April 1918||August 1919||Handley O/400|
|February 1920||December 1927||de Havilland DH.9A|
|December 1927||September 1932||Fairey IIIF|
|September 1932||April 1936||Fairey Gordon Mk.I|
|April 1936||August 1936||Vickers Vincent Mk.I|
|August 1936||August 1937||Fairey Gordon Mk.I|
|August 1937||April 1938||Vickers Wellesley|
|April 1938||April 1940||Fairey Battle|
|July 1939||April 1940||Avro Anson Mk.I|
|November 1940||March 1942||Avro Manchester Mk.I|
|July 1941||August 1941||Handley Page Hampden Mk.I|
|March 1942||August 1949||Avro Lancaster Mk.I|
|May 1943||December 1947||Avro Lancaster Mk.III|
|August 1949||March 1950||Avro Lincoln B.2|
|July 1951||March 1954||Boeing Washington B.1|
|March 1954||March 1956||English Electric Canberra B.2|
|July 1956||February 1965||Vickers Valiant B.1|
|February 1969||July 1974||Beagle Basset CC.1|
|February 1969||March 1977||Percival Pembroke C.1|
|February 1969||February 1984||de Havilland Devon C.2|
|July 2002||January 2012||Short Tucano T.1|
|July 2019||Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning|
|June 1916||12 January 1917||Kondoa Irangi, Tanganyika||1st no. 7 RNAS|
|31 December 1916||4 April 1917||Petite-Synthe, France||2nd no 7 RNAS|
|4 April 1918||22 April 1918||Coudekerque, France||1 April 1918 as No. 207 Squadron RAF|
|22 April 1918||13 May 1918||RAF Netheravon, Wiltshire|
|13 May 1918||7 June 1918||RAF Andover, Hampshire|
|7 June 1918||26 October 1918||Ligescourt, France|
|26 October 1918||1 December 1918||Estrées-en-Chaussée, France|
|1 December 1918||1 January 1919||Carvin, France|
|1 January 1919||10 May 1919||Merheim, Germany|
|10 May 1919||23 August 1919||Hangelar, Germany||Present Bonn-Hangelar airfield|
|23 August 1919||8 October 1919||RAF Tangmere, West Sussex|
|8 October 1919||16 January 1920||RAF Croydon, Surrey|
|16 January 1920||20 January 1920||RAF Uxbridge, Middlesex|
|1 February 1920||29 September 1922||RAF Bircham Newton, Norfolk|
|29 September 1922||11 October 1922||en route to Turkey|
|11 October 1922||22 September 1923||San Stephano, Turkey|
|22 September 1923||3 October 1923||en route to UK|
|3 October 1923||7 November 1929||RAF Eastchurch, Kent|
|7 November 1929||4 October 1935||RAF Bircham Newton, Norfolk|
|4 October 1935||20 October 1935||en route to Sudan|
|20 October 1935||28 October 1935||Port Sudan, Sudan|
|28 October 1935||6 April 1936||Ed Damer, Sudan|
|6 April 1936||14 August 1936||Gebeit, Sudan|
|14 August 1936||29 August 1936||en route to UK|
|29 August 1936||20 April 1938||RAF Worthy Down, Hampshire|
|20 April 1938||24 August 1939||RAF Cottesmore, Rutland|
|24 August 1939||9 December 1939||RAF Cranfield, Bedfordshire|
|9 December 1939||5 April 1940||RAF Cottesmore, Rutland|
|5 April 1940||19 April 1940||RAF Cranfield, Bedfordshire||Merged here into no. 12 OTU|
|1 November 1940||17 November 1941||RAF Waddington, Lincolnshire|
|17 November 1941||20 September 1942||RAF Bottesford, Leicestershire||Det. at RAF Syerston,|
Nottinghamshire 24 August 1942
|20 September 1942||12 October 1943||RAF Langar, Nottinghamshire|
|12 October 1943||30 October 1945||RAF Spilsby, Lincolnshire|
|30 October 1945||29 April 1946||RAF Methwold, Norfolk|
|29 April 1946||8 November 1946||RAF Tuddenham, Suffolk|
|8 November 1946||28 February 1949||RAF Stradishall, Suffolk|
|28 February 1949||1 March 1950||RAF Mildenhall, Suffolk|
|4 June 1951||27 March 1956||RAF Marham, Norfolk||Washington-Canberra period|
|1 April 1956||1 May 1965||RAF Marham, Norfolk||Vickers Vailant period|
|3 February 1969||30 June 1984||RAF Northolt, Middlesex||Dets. at RAF Wyton, Cambridgeshire|
and RAF Turnhouse, Edinburgh
|12 July 2002||13 January 2012||RAF Linton-on-Ouse, Yorkshire|
|16 July 2019||Present||RAF Marham, Norfolk||Squadron personnel return from MCAS Beaufort, SC USA|
- Jefford 2001, pp. 71–72.
- Dave, Allport (14 January 2012). "207 (Reserve) Squadron Disbands". key.aero. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- RAF – 207 Squadron". Royal Air Force. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
- "Second Lightning Fight Jet Squadron Arrives In UK". www.raf.mod.uk. 17 July 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
- Halley 1988, p. 268.
- Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 13.
- Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 51.
- Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 35.
- Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 70.
- Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 198.
- "Identity of F-35 Lightning Training Squadron Announced". www.raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
- "A small ceremony took place yesterday to mark the standing up of 207 Squadron at RAF Marham". RAF Marham (Facebook). 2 August 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
- Hamlin 1999, p. 10.
- Jefford 2001, p. 71.
- Rawlings 1961, p. 19.
- Robertson 1933, p. 1023.
- Halley 1980, p. 217.
- "RAF History – Bomber Command 60th Anniversary:No. 207 Squadron". Royal Air Force. 2004. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
- Rawlings 1961, pp. 19–20.
- Jefford, 1988, p. 69
- Hamlin 1999, p. 166.
- Burney 1984, p. 411.
- Hamlin 1999, p. 172.
- Squadron Genealogy
- "207 Squadron take to the skies for the first time from their new Norfolk home". RAF Marham (Facebook). 29 July 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
- Hamlin 1999, pp. 207–219.
- Hamlin 1999, p. 190.
- Aitken, Flt.Lt. W.M. (ed.) A History of No.207 Squadron – the First 68 Years. 207 Squadron RAF, 1984.
- Bewsher, Paul. Green Balls: the Adventures of a Night Bomber. Greenhill Books, 1986. ISBN 0-947898-50-6. (reprint of William Blackwood 1919 edition).
- Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937–56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
- Burney, Allan. "Devon Demob". Aircraft Illustrated, September 1984, Vol 17 No 9. pp. 407–411. ISSN 0002-2675.
- Dick, David. 207 Squadron Memorial Book. 207 Sqn RAF Association, 1993.
- Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
- Goodwin, Barry and Raymond Glynne-Owen. 207 Squadron: RAF Langar, 1942–1943. Langar Airfield, York, UK: Quacks Books/207 Squadron Memorial Committee, 1994. ISBN 0-948333-41-3.
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1980. ISBN 0-85130-083-9.
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Hamlin, John F. Always Prepared – The History of 207 Squadron RAF. Tunbridge Wells, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1999. ISBN 0-85130-285-8.
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd.). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
- Laing, John A. The Washington Era: Marham June 1951 to March 1954. Perth, Scotland: Self-published, 1998.
- Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 2nd edition 1976. ISBN 0-354-01027-1.
- Rawlings, John D.R. "Squadron Histories: No.207". Air Pictorial, January 1961. Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 19–20.
- Robertson, F. A. de V. "No. 207 (Bomber) Squadron". Flight, 12 October 1933, pp. 1022–1024.
- Wynn, Humphrey. Darkness Shall Cover Me: Night Bombing over the Western Front, 1918. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1989. ISBN 1-85310-065-X.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to No. 207 Squadron RAF.|