No. 253 Squadron RAF
A Hawker Hurricane I similar to one flown by 253 Sqn during the Battle of Britain
|Active||7 Jun 1918 - 31 May 1919
30 Oct 1939 - 16 May 1947
18 Apr 1955 – 2 Sep 1957
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Patron||The Nizam of Hyderabad|
|Motto(s)||Come one, Come all|
|Squadron badge heraldry||The back of a dexter arm embowed, fessewise, in Mogul armour, the hand holding an Indian battle-axe.|
|Squadron code||TL (April to September 1939)|
No. 253 (Hyderabad) Squadron was a flying squadron of the Royal Air Force between 1918 and the late 1950s.
During the squadrons stay at Bembridge it parented No. 412 (Seaplane) Flight RAF and No. 413 (Seaplane) Flight RAF, as well as No. 511 (Special Duty) Flight RAF, No. 512 (Special Duty) Flight RAF and No. 513 (Special Duty) Flight RAF for coastal reconnaissance and anti-submarine patrols, flying Short Type 184 and Airco DH.6 aircraft. DH.6s of 511 and 512 Flights flew their aircraft from the aerodrome at Foreland.
Reformed at RAF Manston on 30 October 1939, to become a convoy protection unit equipped with Blenheims, 253 changed role to day-fighter before any Blenheims had been received and was issued with Hawker Hurricanes instead. One flight was despatched to France, whilst the second flight flew across the English Channel daily, operating from French airfields and returning to Manston.
After the collapse of France, 253 Sqn disbanded and re-formed at RAF Kirton-in-Lindsey, taking part in the Battle of Britain from a variety of airfields across the country. Remaining in England until 1942, 253 Sqn. was re-located to the Mediterranean Theatre of Operations (MTO) from 13 November 1942 at RAF Maison Blanche in Algeria, continuing operations in the Med until disbanded at RAF Treviso, Italy on 16 May 1947.
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- Short Type 184
- Airco DH.6
- Sopwith Baby
- Miles Magister
- Miles Master
- Fairey Battle
- Hawker Hurricane
- Supermarine Spitfire
- de Havilland Venom
- de Havilland Vampire
A squadron badge was created after the squadron became the Hyderabad gift squadron in the heraldic form of:The back of a dexter arm embowed, fessewise, in Mogul armour, the hand holding an Indian battle-axe.
- List of Royal Air Force aircraft squadrons
- Battle of Britain RAF squadrons
- List of Royal Air Force aircraft independent flights
- List of RAF Squadron Codes
- "253 Sqn in the Battle of Britain". www.raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- Lake, Flying Units of the RAF
- Alan Lake, Flying Units of the RAF, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1999. ISBN 1-84037-086-6.
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