No. 313 Squadron RAF

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
No. 313 Squadron RAF
RAF313Sq.gif
Badge of № 313 Squadron RAF
Active 10 May 1941 – 15 February 1946
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Allegiance Czech Republic Czechoslovakia
Branch Air Force Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Air Force
Motto(s) (Czech): Jeden jestřáb mnoho vran rozhání
("One hawk chases away many crows")
Insignia
Squadron Badge A hawk volant, wings elevated and addorsed
Squadron Codes RY (May 1941 – February 1946)

No. 313 Squadron RAF was a Czechoslovak-manned fighter squadron of the Royal Air Force in the Second World War.

History[edit]

The squadron was formed at RAF Catterick[citation needed] on 10 May 1941, equipped with Supermarine Spitfire I fighters and crewed mostly by escaped Czechoslovak pilots. It was re-equipped with the Spitfire IIA in August 1941 and the Spitfire VB/C in October.[1]

The squadron briefly flew the Spitfire VI in June and July 1943. In February 1944 it was re-equipped with the Spitfire IX.[1] This model was fitted with 190-gallon "slipper" tanks to extend its range, enabling the squadron to escort bombers on raids deep into Germany.[2]

The squadron briefly flew the Spitfire VII in July and August 1944. In October 1944 it reverted to the Spitfire IX, which it continued to operate until the end of its history as an RAF unit.[1]

After the end of the war 313 Squadron moved to Prague. On 15 February 1946 it officially disbanded as an RAF squadron and became a squadron of the new Czechoslovak Air Force.[1]

Aircraft operated[edit]

Aircraft used[1]
From To Aircraft Variant Notes
May 1941 August 1941 Supermarine Spitfire I
August 1941 November 1941 Supermarine Spitfire IIa
October 1941 February 1944 Supermarine Spitfire Vb/c
June 1943 July 1943 Supermarine Spitfire VI
February 1944 July 1944 Supermarine Spitfire LF.IX
July 1944 August 1944 Supermarine Spitfire VII
July 1944 October 1944 Supermarine Spitfire Vb/c
October 1944 February 1946 Supermarine Spitfire LF.IX

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Jackson 2003, p. 89.
  2. ^ "Miroslav Liskutin – RAF's Czech fighter pilot". Chichester Observer. Johnston Press. 7 July 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Halley, James J (1988). The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918–1988. Tonbridge: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 0-85130-164-9. 
  • Hurt, Zdeněk (2004). In Focus: Czechs in the RAF. Walton-on-Thames: Red Kite. ISBN 0-9538061-9-7. 
  • Jackson, Robert (2003). Spitfire The History of Britain's Most Famous World War II Fighter. Bath: Parragon. p. 89. ISBN 0-75258-770-6. 
  • Jefford, Wg Cdr CG (2001) [1998]. RAF Squadrons, A Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912 (second ed.). Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84037-141-3. 
  • Liškutín, Miroslav A (1988). Challenge in the Air: a Spitfire pilot remembers. London: William Kimber. ISBN 0718306910. 
  • Rawlings, John DR (1976) [1969]. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft (new ed.). London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd. ISBN 0-354-01028-X. 

External links[edit]