No. 313 Squadron RAF
|No. 313 Squadron RAF|
Badge of № 313 Squadron RAF
|Active||10 May 1941 – 15 February 1946|
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Motto(s)||(Czech): Jeden jestřáb mnoho vran rozhání
("One hawk chases away many crows")
|Squadron Badge||A hawk volant, wings elevated and addorsed|
|Squadron Codes||RY (May 1941 – February 1946)|
The squadron was formed at RAF Catterick on 10 May 1941, equipped with Supermarine Spitfire I fighters and crewed mostly by escaped Czechoslovak pilots. It was re-equipped with the Spitfire IIA in August 1941 and the Spitfire VB/C in October.
The squadron briefly flew the Spitfire VI in June and July 1943. In February 1944 it was re-equipped with the Spitfire IX. This model was fitted with 190-gallon "slipper" tanks to extend its range, enabling the squadron to escort bombers on raids deep into Germany.
The squadron briefly flew the Spitfire VII in July and August 1944. In October 1944 it reverted to the Spitfire IX, which it continued to operate until the end of its history as an RAF unit.
|May 1941||August 1941||Supermarine Spitfire||I|
|August 1941||November 1941||Supermarine Spitfire||IIa|
|October 1941||February 1944||Supermarine Spitfire||Vb/c|
|June 1943||July 1943||Supermarine Spitfire||VI|
|February 1944||July 1944||Supermarine Spitfire||LF.IX|
|July 1944||August 1944||Supermarine Spitfire||VII|
|July 1944||October 1944||Supermarine Spitfire||Vb/c|
|October 1944||February 1946||Supermarine Spitfire||LF.IX|
- Halley, James J (1988). The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918–1988. Tonbridge: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Hurt, Zdeněk (2004). In Focus: Czechs in the RAF. Walton-on-Thames: Red Kite. ISBN 0-9538061-9-7.
- Jackson, Robert (2003). Spitfire The History of Britain's Most Famous World War II Fighter. Bath: Parragon. p. 89. ISBN 0-75258-770-6.
- Jefford, Wg Cdr CG (2001) . RAF Squadrons, A Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912 (second ed.). Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84037-141-3.
- Liškutín, Miroslav A (1988). Challenge in the Air: a Spitfire pilot remembers. London: William Kimber. ISBN 0718306910.
- Rawlings, John DR (1976) . Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft (new ed.). London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd. ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to No. 313 (Czechoslovak) Squadron RAF.|
- "313 Squadron". History RAF Formations. Ministry of Defence.
- "No. 313 (Czechoslovak) Squadron RAF". RAF Fighter Command 1939 – 1945. RAF Commands. 2013. – movement and equipment history
- "No 313 (Czechoslovak) Squadron". Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation.
- Darlington, Roger. "Czechoslovaks in the RAF".
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