No. 524 Squadron RAF
|No. 524 Squadron RAF|
|Active||20 Oct 1943 – 7 Dec 1943
7 Apr 1944 – 25 May 1945
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Part of||No. 15 Group RAF, Coastal Command (Okt 43 – Dec 43)
No. 19 Group RAF, Coastal Command (Apr 44 – Jul 44)
No. 16 Group RAF, Coastal Command (Jul 44 – May 45)
|Squadron Codes||7R (Apr 1944 – May 1945)|
No. 524 Squadron was formed at RAF Oban, Argyll and Bute in Scotland on 20 October 1943 to operate the Martin Mariner flying boat. The squadron's role was to introduce the Mariner into RAF service. By the end of 1943 the aircraft was ready for operations but the RAF had decided not to operate the type and the squadron was disbanded on either 7 December 1943 or 29 January 1944.
The squadron was reformed at RAF Davidstow Moor on 7 April 1944 to operate the Vickers Wellington. The squadron carried out night operations of the French coast in preparation for D-Day, mainly attacking E-boats and submarines but also other shipping. It also provided escort to Coastal Command Beaufighters carrying out night strikes. After the Normandy Invasion the squadron moved to the east of England to RAF Docking in a similar role along the Dutch coast. The squadron also directed surface vessels to attack enemy shipping. With the end of the war approaching the squadron was disbanded on either 25 May 1945 or on 25 June 1945 at RAF Langham, the appointment of S/Ldr. Willis pointing to the latter.
|October 1943||January 1944||Martin Mariner||Mk.I||Twin-engined maritime patrol flying boat|
|April 1944||January 1945||Vickers Wellington||Mk.XIII||Twin-engined medium bomber|
|December 1944||May 1945||Vickers Wellington||Mk.XIV||Twin-engined medium bomber|
|20 October 1943||7 December 1943||RAF Oban, Argyll, Scotland|
|7 April 1944||1 July 1944||RAF Davidstow Moor, Cornwall|
|1 July 1944||23 July 1944||RAF Docking, Norfolk|
|23 July 1944||17 October 1944||RAF Bircham Newton, Norfolk||Dets. at RAF Docking, Norfolk; RAF Langham, Norfolk
and RAF Dallachy, Moray, Scotland (under No. 18 Group RAF, Coastal Command)
|17 October 1944||25 May 1945||RAF Langham, Norfolk||Det. at RAF Dallachy, Moray, Scotland|
|October 1943||December 1943||W/Cdr. W.E.M. Lowry|
|April 1944||July 1944||S/Ldr. A.W.B. Naismith|
|July 1944||May 1945||W/Cdr. R.G. Knott, DSO, DFC|
|May 1945||June 1945||S/Ldr. G.E. Willis, DFC|
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- Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd.). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
- Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 2nd edition 1976. ISBN 0-354-01027-1.
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982–1985). Orbis Publishing.
- Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
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