No. 77 Squadron RAF
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|No. 77 Squadron RAF|
|Active||1 October 1916 - 13 June 1919
14 June 1937 - 1 June 1949
1 September 1958 – 10 July 1963
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Motto(s)||Latin: Esse potius quam videri
("To be, rather than seem")
|A thistle. The thistle commemorates the fact that the squadron was formed in Scotland.|
No. 77 Squadron RAF was a squadron of the Royal Air Force which was active in various incarnations between 1916 and 1963.
The squadron was reformed on 14 June 1937, at RAF Finningley from 'B' Flight of No. 102 Squadron. It operated the Hawker Audax until November 1937, then re-equipped with the Vickers Wellesley. In 1938 the squadron moved to RAF Driffield, to form part of No. 4 Group, and re-equipped with Armstrong Whitworth Whitleys. The squadron joined Coastal Command in May 1942 and was engaged in anti-submarine patrols, based at RAF Chivenor.
In October 1942, the squadron converted to Halifaxes at RAF Elvington, moving to RAF Full Sutton in May 1944. On 8 May 1945 the squadron joined Transport Command, and in July 1945 re-equipped with Douglas Dakotas. The squadron moved to Broadwell in August 1945 followed by a posting to India in October 1945. The squadron was disbanded by being renumbered as No. 31 Squadron on 1 November 1946.
Pilot officer Charles James Drogo Montague DFC served in 77 squadron during the Second World War. In August 1940 Montague, flying a Whitley V, set out on a mission to bomb Ludwigshafen Nitrogen Plant however he and his entire crew 'failed to return and were posted missing'.
The squadron was again reformed - as 77(SM) Sqn. - on 1 September 1958 as one of 20 Strategic Missile (SM) squadrons associated with Project Emily. The squadron was equipped with three Thor Intermediate range ballistic missiles, and based at RAF Feltwell.
In October 1962, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the squadron was kept at full readiness, with the missiles aimed at strategic targets in the USSR. The squadron was disbanded on 10 July 1963 with the termination of the Thor Program in Britain.
- 1916-1918 Royal Aircraft Factory BE2c
- 1916-1918 Royal Aircraft Factory BE12
- 1916 Airco DH.6
- 1916 Royal Aircraft Factory BE2d
- 1917-1918 Royal Aircraft Factory BE2e
- 1917-1918 Royal Aircraft Factory RE8
- 1917-1918 Royal Aircraft Factory BE12b
- 1918-1919 Avro 504K (NF)
- 1937 Hawker Audax
- 1937-1938 Vickers Wellesley
- 1938-1939 Armstrong Whitworth Whitley III
- 1939-1942 Armstrong Whitworth Whitley V
- 1942-1945 Handley Page Halifax II, III, VI and V
- 1945-1946 Douglas Dakota
- 1946-1949 Douglas Dakota
- 1958-1963 Thor IRBM
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