No. 97 Squadron RAF
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|No. 97 (Straits Settlements) Squadron RAF|
|Active||1 December 1917 to 1 April 1920|
September 1935 to 20 May 1940
25 February 1941 1 January 1956
1 December 1959 to 2 January 1967
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Motto(s)||"Achieve your aim"|
|Squadron Badge heraldry||An ogress pierced by an arrow, point downwards. The badge is indicative of accurate aim.|
World War I
The squadron formed on 1 December 1917 at RAF Waddington, and was initially a training unit. The squadron re-equipped with the Handley Page O/400 heavy bomber before moving to France in August 1917. In total, it flew 91 bombing sorties and dropped 64 tons of bombs before the end of the First World War.
Between the Wars
From 17 November 1918, 97 Squadron was based at RAF Saint Inglevert, departing on 4 March 1919, and re-equipping with the Airco DH.10. The squadron was later posted to India, where it remained until disbanding on 1 April 1920, after being re-numbered No. 60 squadron.
World War II
The squadron was disbanded again in April 1940.
The squadron reformed again on 25 February 1941 at Waddington, and was equipped with the Avro Manchester bomber. Later the squadron was re-equipped with the Avro Lancaster, and in April 1943 became a pathfinder force squadron.
The squadron was reformed - as 97(SM) Sqn. - on 1 December 1959 as one of 20 Strategic Missile (SM) squadrons associated with Project Emily. The squadron was equipped with three Thor Intermediate range ballistic missiles. and based at RAF Hemswell.
In October 1962, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the squadron was kept at full readiness, with the missiles aimed at strategic targets in the USSR. The squadron was disbanded on 24 May 1963 when the Thor Program in Britain was terminated.
The squadron was then reformed again, via the re-numbering of No. 151 Squadron, disbanding for the final time on 2 January 1967.
- Pine, L.G. (1983). A dictionary of mottoes (1 ed.). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 4. ISBN 0-7100-9339-X.
- Melinski Air Pictorial October 1971, p. 389.
- "97 Squadron". Royal Air Force. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Saint-Inglevert" (in French). Old Anciens Aerodromes. Retrieved 18 March 2011.[permanent dead link]
- Melinski, M. A. H. (October 1971). "Your Questions Answered...No. 97 Squadron R.A.F.". Air Pictorial. Vol. 33 no. 10. p. 389.
- 96-100 Squadron histories
- 97 Squadron association
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