No (kana)

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transliteration no
hiragana origin
katakana origin

, in hiragana, and , in katakana, are Japanese kana, both representing one mora. In the gojūon system of ordering of Japanese syllables, it occupies the 25th position, between ね (ne) and は (ha). It occupies the 26th position in the iroha ordering. Both represent [no].

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal n-
(な行 na-gyō)
のう, のぅ
のお, のぉ
のー, の~
ノウ, ノゥ
ノオ, ノォ
ノー, ノ~

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing の
Stroke order in writing の
Stroke order in writing ノ
Stroke order in writing ノ

To write の, begin slightly above the center, stroke downward diagonally, then upward, and then curve around as indicated by the arrows.


To write ノ, simply do a swooping curve from top-right to bottom left.


Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12398 U+306E 12494 U+30CE 65417 U+FF89
UTF-8 227 129 174 E3 81 AE 227 131 142 E3 83 8E 239 190 137 EF BE 89
Numeric character reference の の ノ ノ ノ ノ
Shift JIS 130 204 82 CC 131 109 83 6D 201 C9
EUC-JP, GB 2312 164 206 A4 CE 165 206 A5 CE
HKSCS 199 85 C7 55 199 202 C7 CA

Alternative forms[edit]

の / ノ in Japanese Braille
の / ノ
のう / ノー
Other kana based on Braille
にょ / ニョ
にょう / ニョー
⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)

The Morse code for の, or ノ, is ・・--.

See also hentaigana and gyaru-moji for other variant kana forms of no.

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 3.svg


The highlighted segment of the man'yōgana in the picture is the segment that was used to create the katakana ノ.
Main articles: Hiragana and Katakana

Like every other hiragana, the hiragana の developed from man'yōgana, kanji used for phonetic purposes, written in the highly cursive, flowing grass script style. In the picture on the left, the top shows the kanji 乃 written in the kaisho style, and the centre image is the same kanji written in the sōsho style. The bottom part is the kana for "no", a further abbreviation.


Usage of の in place of (and 犬 in place of 狗) in Taipei.

の is a dental nasal consonant, articulated on the upper teeth, combined with a close-mid back rounded vowel to form one mora.

In the Japanese language, as well as forming words, の may be a particle showing possession. For example, the phrase "わたしでんわ” watashi no denwa means "my telephone."

の has also proliferated on signs and labels in the Chinese-speaking world, especially in Taiwan because of its historical connections with Japan. (See Taiwan under Japanese rule.) It is used in place of the Modern Chinese possessive marker 的 de or Classical Chinese possessive marker 之 zhī, and の is pronounced in the same way as the Chinese character it replaces. This is usually done to "stand out" or to give an "exotic / Japanese feel", e.g. in commercial brand names, such as the fruit juice brand 鲜の每日C, where the の can be read as both 之 zhī, the possessive marker, and as 汁 zhī, meaning "juice".[1] In Hong Kong, the Companies Registry has extended official recognition to this practise, and permits の to be used in Chinese names of registered businesses; it is thus the only non-Chinese symbol to be granted this treatment (aside from punctuation marks with no pronunciation value).[2]


External links[edit]