No wave cinema

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No Wave Cinema
Years active1976-1985
CountryUnited States
Influences [1][2][3]

No wave cinema was an underground filmmaking movement that flourished on the Lower East Side of New York City[4] from about 1976 to 1985. Sponsored by (and associated with) the artists group Collaborative Projects,[5] no wave cinema was a stripped-down style of guerrilla filmmaking that emphasized dark edgy mood and unrehearsed immediacy above many other artistic concerns – similar to the parallel no wave music movement in its raw and rapid style.[6]

Prominent figures[edit]

No wave cinema, also known as New Cinema (after a short-lived screening room on St. Mark’s Place run by several filmmakers on the scene), had a significant impact on underground film. They were influenced by the works of Andy Warhol, John Cassavetes, George Kuchar, Ron Rice, John Waters and Jack Smith.[7][8][9] The No wave cinema of Scott B and Beth B, Eric Mitchell, James Nares, Amos Poe, Diego Cortez and others spawned a new generation of independent filmmaking in New York that included Jim Jarmusch, Tom DiCillo, Steve Buscemi, Vincent Gallo and the Cinema of Transgression movement of Richard Kern, Nick Zedd, Tessa Hughes-Freeland, Kembra Pfahler, and Gordon Stevenson. Other filmmakers associated with No wave cinema included Lizzie Borden, Bradley Eros, Aline Mare, Jeanne Liotta, Charlie Ahearn, Coleen Fitzgibbon, David Wojnarowicz, Manuel DeLanda, Vivienne Dick, Jon Moritsugu, Susan Seidelman, Kathryn Bigelow and Casandra Stark Mele.[10][11]

In 1978, James Nares released a well-known no wave Super 8 film titled Rome 78, her only venture into feature-length, plot-driven film. Despite its large cast in period costumes, the work was not intended as a serious undertaking, as the actors interject self-conscious laughter into scenes and deliver seemingly improvised lines with over-the-top bravado. The film features no wave cinema regular Lydia Lunch along with Mitchell, James Chance, John Lurie, Judy Rifka, Jim Sutcliffe, Lance Loud, Mitch Corber, Patti Astor, artist David McDermott of McDermott & McGough, and Kristian Hoffman, among others.[12]

Coleen Fitzgibbon and Alan W. Moore created an 11:41-minute film in 1978 (finished in 2009) of a no wave concert to benefit Colab called X Magazine Benefit, documenting performances of DNA, James Chance and the Contortions, and Boris Policeband in NYC in the late 1970s. Shot in black and white Super 8 and edited on video, the film captures the gritty look and sound of the music scene during that era. In 2013 it was exhibited at Salon 94, an art gallery in New York City.[13]

List of notable No wave films[edit]

[14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23]

Legacy[edit]

Stranger Than Paradise was inducted into the National Film Registry in 2002.[24][25][26]

In 2010, French filmmaker Céline Danhier created a documentary film titled Blank City.[27] The film presents an oral history of the no wave cinema and Cinema of Transgression movements[28] through interviews with Jarmusch, Kern, Buscemi, Poe, Seidelman, Ahearn, Zedd, John Waters, Blondie’s Debbie Harry, hip-hop legend Fab 5 Freddy, Thurston Moore of Sonic Youth, and Jack Sargeant. The soundtrack includes music by Patti Smith, Television, Richard Hell & The Voidoids, James Chance and the Contortions, Bush Tetras and Sonic Youth.[29][30]

In 2011, the Museum of Arts and Design celebrated the movement with the retrospective "No Wave Cinema", which included works by Jarmusch, Kern, Mitchell, Poe, Zedd, Scot and Beth B., Lizzie Borden, Edo Bertoglio and Kembra Pfahler.[31][32]

Like the later Dogme 95 creative movement, No Wave Cinema has been described as a defining period in low budget film production.[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stories from New York: No Wave Cinema posted by Monica Delgado for Fandor on Vimeo
  2. ^ New York Noise: Tales from the No Wave - Northwest Film Fourm
  3. ^ (PDF) No Wave Film and the Music Documentary: From No Wave Cinema “Documents” to Retrospective Documentaries|Michael Goddard - Academia.edu
  4. ^ No Wave and Independent Film -Gallery 98 Bowery
  5. ^ Marc Masters, (2007) No Wave, Black Dog Publishing, London, p. 141
  6. ^ NO WAVELENGTH: THE PARA-PUNK UNDERGROUND: Village Voice film critic Jim Hoberman discusses the New York New Wave film scene, including lo-fi super 8 films of Vivienne Dick
  7. ^ Stories from New York: No Wave Cinema posted by Monica Delgado for Fandor on Vimeo
  8. ^ New York Noise: Tales from the No Wave - Northwest Film Fourm
  9. ^ (PDF) No Wave Film and the Music Documentary: From No Wave Cinema “Documents” to Retrospective Documentaries|Michael Goddard - Academia.edu
  10. ^ No Wave · Feminist Cinemas · Senses of Cinema
  11. ^ (PDF) No Wave Film and the Music Documentary: From No Wave Cinema “Documents” to Retrospective Documentaries|Michael Goddard - Academia.edu
  12. ^ "Rebellion of the quiet Retrospective of James Nares, No Wave's subtlest filmmaker". Archived from the original on 2013-09-01. Retrieved 2013-06-14.
  13. ^ COLEEN FITZGIBBON AND ALAN MOORE: X MAGAZINE BENEFIT COLAB 1978, 2009
  14. ^ BAM film series 'Punks, Poets, and Valley Girls' highlights '80s women filmmakers - Brooklyn Vegan
  15. ^ Smithereens Criterion Collection Blu-ray Release|Paracinema
  16. ^ Documentary Blank City Chronicles NYC's Gritty "No Wave" Film Movement of the '70s - Cinema Retro
  17. ^ museum of arts and design
  18. ^ 10 Films You Can't Miss at Cinefamily's Month-Long Homage to '80s Indie Cinema Los Angeles Magazine
  19. ^ Free Press Houston » Blank City and New York's No Wave
  20. ^ Northwest Film Fourm :: Series Archive
  21. ^ (PDF) No Wave Film and the Music Documentary: From No Wave Cinema “Documents” to Retrospective Documentaries|Michael Goddard - Academia.edu
  22. ^ Film International
  23. ^ Shooting Blanks: A History of No Wave Cinema - Obsessed Magazine
  24. ^ STRANGER THAN PARADISE (1984) – A CHARMINGLY LOW-KEY CLASSIC OF AMERICAN INDIE CINEMA - High On Films
  25. ^ Films Selected for the National Film Registry in 2002 (January 2003) - Library of Congress Information Bulletin
  26. ^ Filmmaker Retrospective: The Independent Cinema of Jim Jarmusch — Taste of Cinema
  27. ^ Blank City trailer posted by the film's distributor e2 films on YouTube
  28. ^ Blank City (2010)- IMDb
  29. ^ "Blank City" – official film website
  30. ^ NEW YORK NO WAVE – CHICAGO POST ROCK : DEUX VILLES, DEUX SCÈNES
  31. ^ "No Wave Cinema". Museum of Arts and Design. Museum of Arts and Design. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  32. ^ Robbins, Christopher. "See Classic, Rare New Wave/No Wave/Punk At Museum Of Art And Design". Gothamist. Gothamist, LLC. Archived from the original on 9 May 2015. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  33. ^ Coulter, Tomas (2004). "Low-budget movements that defined cinema": 26. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

External links[edit]