Noank Historic District
Noank Historic District
Noank Baptist Church
|Location||Main Street, Groton, Connecticut|
|Area||140 acres (57 ha)|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival, Gothic, Stick-Eastlake|
|NRHP Reference #||79002656|
|Added to NRHP||August 10, 1979|
The district's architectural significance derives from its numerous Greek Revival, Gothic, and Eastlake-detailed houses, which present a consistent 19th appearance by means of elements such as porches, fences, and pilasters.:36
The district boundaries includes almost all of what is known as Noank, including Elm Street, Prospect Hill Road, and Noank Peninsula east of Route 215, but it excludes certain areas. The nearby Goat Island was excluded from the district, because all early buildings were destroyed by the New England Hurricane of 1938, and various streets near Elm are lined with modern houses that significantly postdate the district.:4
Noank's leading building is a Baptist church, at the apex of the village's land. The core is an Italianate structure that was constructed in 1867; it originally featured twin towers, although they were swept away in 1938.
It includes the Noank Shipyard, at the location of the historic Palmer Shipyard.
It includes a former velvet mill built in 1905, which also was used by the state as a lobster hatchery. The building was used for a time by the University of Connecticut Marine Research Station.:4
Other contributing properties include:
- St. Joseph's Catholic Church, 78 Front Street, shingled and with Gothic details
- A Gothic Methodist church with Art Nouveau windows, which as of 1978 was re-used as apartments:5
- A cobblestone Episcopal Church, used as a museum by 1978, and one of few non-wooden buildings in the community:5
- Morgan's Point Lighthouse, an 1868 granite ashlar building with an octagonal tower,
There are about 260 houses in the district; their significance was the primary reason for the district's designation.:5
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Clouette, Bruce (July 26, 1978). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Noank Historic District" (PDF). National Park Service. and Accompanying 30 photos, from 1978
- The University of Connecticut's marine station is now part of its campus at Avery Point. Whether UConn continues to own, or has disposed of, the velvet mill property is unknown.