Nodar Dumbadze

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Nodar Dumbadze
Dumbadze on a 2018 stamp of Georgia
Dumbadze on a 2018 stamp of Georgia
BornJuly 14, 1928
Tbilisi, Georgia
DiedSeptember 4, 1984
Tbilisi, Georgia
Resting placeMtatsminda Pantheon
OccupationNovelist, journalist
LanguageGeorgian
NationalityGeorgian
Alma materTbilisi State University
GenreComic novel, Humour, Novel
SubjectAntimilitarism, Humanism
Notable worksGranny, Iliko, Illarion, and I (1960)
Years active1960–1984

Nodar Dumbadze (Georgian: ნოდარ დუმბაძე, July 14, 1928 – September 4, 1984) was a popular Georgian writer.

Biography[edit]

Born in Tbilisi, he graduated from the Faculty of Economics at Tbilisi State University in 1950. His first poems and humorous stories appeared in the Georgian press in the same year. He edited the satirical magazine Niangi from 1967 until 1972, when he became a secretary of the Union of Georgian Writers and a member of the presidium of the Union of Soviet Writers in 1972. Most of his fame came through his novels Me, Grandma, Iliko and Ilarioni (მე, ბებია, ილიკო და ილარიონი; 1960), I Can See the Sun (მე ვხედავ მზეს; 1962), The Sunny Night (მზიანი ღამე; 1967), Don’t Be Afraid, Mother! (ნუ გეშინია, დედა!; 1971), The White Banners (თეთრი ბაირაღები; 1973), and The Law of Eternity (მარადისობის კანონი; 1978). His works are remarkable for simplicity and lyricism of the prose, humor, and melancholy coupled with optimism[citation needed]. He was awarded the Shota Rustaveli State Prize in 1975 and the Lenin Prize in 1980. Most of his major works have been dramatized and/or filmed[citation needed]. He died in Tbilisi and was buried in the city, at the Mziuri Park, which he founded in 1982 for the capital's children.[1] In September 2009, his body was moved to the Mamadaviti temple in the Mtatsminda Pantheon.[2]

Works[edit]

Nodar Dumbadze's first works, published between 1956 and 1957, were three books of humorous stories. In 1957, he resigned from his lab work to fully immerse himself in his literary career. He worked in the editorial departments of various journals and in the screenwriting division of Kartuli Pilmi.

He continued to publish humorous stories, such as his "Village Boy" collection in 1959. His semi-autobiographical novel, Granny, Iliko, Illarion, and I, was released in 1960 and was very successful. The novel was set in a Georgian village during the years of World War II. All able-bodied men left to fight, leaving only women and elderly men behind. At the center of the novel, is a young orphan, Zurikela, his grandmother, and two sharp-tongued but wise and generous elderly neighbors who help watch over the boy.

Dumbadze's next novel, I See the Sun (1962), was also autobiographical and takes place during the war. It described the difficult situation in the villages and the fear people felt for their loved ones who were fighting at the front. Sosoia, the teenage protagonist, was a teenager who loved the blind Khatia. Khatia's blindness, however, was cured at the end of the novel.

In Dumbadze's 1967 novel, The Sunny Night, the hero struggled to find a way to re-establish a connection with his mother, who just returned from twelve years of exile. In a further complication, the hero must decide whether or not to save the life of the villain who caused his family's ruin.

Don't Be Afraid, Mama! (1971) depicted the life of Soviet border guards. Masculine friendships, the tragedy of losing a comrade, and the pain of unrequited love are all addressed in a lyric manner typical of Dumbadze. When preparing this novel, Dumbadze received special permission to serve in a border-patrol unit.

Dumbadze's 1973 novel, The White Flags, followed the fate of a man convicted of a murder he did not commit. Many of the characters were criminals, who struggled with their relationship with society and themselves.

Dumbadze's final novel was Law of Eternity, written in 1978. In this work, a gravely ill hospital patient faced the concept of the struggle between good and evil.

The short story Hellados told the story of a Greek boy departing for his historic homeland. At the last moment, however, he lacks the strength to part with the town of Sukhumi and the friends he has made there. In order to get back to Sukhumi, he jumps off the steamship and dies in the sea.

In Kukaracha, one of Dumbadze's last short novels, a policeman takes pity on a criminal, who then shoots and kills the police officer.

The story Blood Knot told the story of a boy, who, like Dumbadze, was born in 1928 and lost his parents in the Great Terror year of 1937. Like Dumbadze, he is sent to live with relatives in the village.

Novels[edit]

Short Novels[edit]

Short Stories[edit]

  • Hellados
  • What the falcon is doing in a city?!
  • Sematary
  • Chinkas
  • Romani
  • Khazarula
  • Sun
  • Diderot
  • Dog
  • Ungrateful
  • Bullfighting
  • Do not wake up
  • Longing
  • Mother
  • Bird
  • Blood
  • Kantsi (horn)
  • Timur
  • Astvats! Inchu, Hamar!
  • Taliko

Awards[edit]

Dumbadze joined the Communist Party in 1964. He won numerous awards during his career, including the Shota Rustaveli Prize (highest arts award in Georgia, 1975), the Lenin Komsomol Prize (1966) and the Lenin Prize (1980). He was a deputy to the Georgian Supreme Soviet (1971–1978) and to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (1979–1984). In 1974 he was named a secretary of the Georgian Writers Union, and from 1981 until his death he served as Chairman of the Union.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dzagnidze, Baia (January 10, 2018). "The Most Beautiful Parks in Tbilisi". Culture Trip. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  2. ^ "Nodar Dumbadze's Remains to be Buried in Mtatsminda Pantheon – News Agency InterpressNews". interpressnews. September 14, 2009. Retrieved September 20, 2018.

Further reading[edit]