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NodeMCU DEVKIT 1.0.jpg
Developer ESP8266 Opensource Community
Type Single-board microcontroller
Operating system XTOS
CPU ESP8266[1](LX106[2])
Memory 128kBytes
Storage 4MBytes[3]
Power USB
Website, API reference:

NodeMCU is an open source IoT platform.[4][5] It includes firmware which runs on the ESP8266 Wi-Fi SoC from Espressif Systems, and hardware which is based on the ESP-12 module.[6][7] The term "NodeMCU" by default refers to the firmware rather than the development kits. The firmware uses the Lua scripting language. It is based on the eLua project, and built on the Espressif Non-OS SDK for ESP8266. It uses many open source projects, such as lua-cjson,[8] and spiffs.[9]


NodeMCU was created shortly after the ESP8266 came out. On December 30, 2013, Espressif Systems[6] began production of the ESP8266.[10] The ESP8266 is a Wi-Fi SoC integrated with a Tensilica Xtensa LX106 core,[citation needed] widely used in IoT applications (see related projects). NodeMCU started on 13 Oct 2014, when Hong committed the first file of nodemcu-firmware to GitHub.[11] Two months later, the project expanded to include an open-hardware platform when developer Huang R committed the gerber file of an ESP8266 board, named devkit v0.9.[12] Later that month, Tuan PM ported MQTT client library from Contiki to the ESP8266 SoC platform,[13] and committed to NodeMCU project, then NodeMCU was able to support the MQTT IoT protocol, using Lua to access the MQTT broker. Another important update was made on 30 Jan 2015, when Devsaurus ported the u8glib[14] to NodeMCU project,[15] enabling NodeMCU to easily drive LCD, Screen, OLED, even VGA displays.

In summer 2015 the creators abandoned the firmware project and a group of independent but dedicated contributors took over. By summer 2016 the NodeMCU included more than 40 different modules. Due to resource constraints users need to select the modules relevant for their project and build a firmware tailored to their needs.

Related projects[edit]

ESP8266 Arduino Core[edit]

As began developing new MCU boards based on non-AVR processors like the ARM/SAM MCU and used in the Arduino Due, they needed to modify the Arduino IDE so that it would be relatively easy to change the IDE to support alternate tool chains to allow Arduino C/C++ to be compiled down to these new processors. They did this with the introduction of the Board Manager and the SAM Core. A "core" is the collection of software components required by the Board Manager and the Arduino IDE to compile an Arduino C/C++ source file down to the target MCU's machine language. Some creative ESP8266 enthusiasts have developed an Arduino core for the ESP8266 WiFi SoC that is available at the GitHub ESP8266 Core webpage. This is what is popularly called the "ESP8266 Core for the Arduino IDE" and it has become one of the leading software development platforms for the various ESP8266 based modules and development boards, including NodeMCUs.

Pins of NodeMCU[edit]

NodeMCU provides access to the GPIO (General Purpose Input/Output) and for developing purposes below pin mapping table from the API documentation should be referenced.

IO index ESP8266 pin IO index ESP8266 pin
0 [*] GPIO16 7 GPIO13
1 GPIO5 8 GPIO15
3 GPIO0 10 GPIO1
4 GPIO2 11 GPIO9
5 GPIO14 12 GPIO10
6 GPIO12

[*] D0 (GPIO16) can only be used for GPIO read/write. No support for open-drain/ interrupt/ pwm/i 2c/ ow.

Code examples[edit]

The NodeMCU repository contains its own collection of elaborate code examples. Besides that the NodeMCU documentation provides small examples for most functions and modules.

Connect to an AP[edit]

-- for older versions of the firmware wifi.sta.config("SSID","password")
-- wifi.sta.connect() not necessary because wifi.sta.config sets auto-connect = true
tmr.create():alarm(1000, 1, function(cb_timer)
  if wifi.sta.getip() == nil then
    print("Connected, IP is "..wifi.sta.getip())

Control GPIO[edit]

ledPin = 1
swPin = 2

HTTP request[edit]

-- A simple HTTP client
conn = net.createConnection(net.TCP, 0)
conn:on("receive", function(sck, payload) print(payload) end)
conn:on("connection", function(sck)
  sck:send("GET / HTTP/1.1\r\nHost:\r\n"
          .. "Connection: keep-alive\r\nAccept: */*\r\n\r\n")
conn:connect(80, "")

Doing something similar using the HTTP module:

http.get("", nil, function(code, data)
    if (code < 0) then
      print("HTTP request failed")
      print(code, data)

HTTP server[edit]

-- a simple HTTP server
srv = net.createServer(net.TCP)
srv:listen(80, function(conn)
    conn:on("receive", function(sck, payload)
        sck:send("HTTP/1.0 200 OK\r\nContent-Type: text/html\r\n\r\n<h1> Hello, NodeMCU.</h1>")
    conn:on("sent", function(sck) sck:close() end)

Connect to MQTT Broker[edit]

-- init mqtt client with keepalive timer 120sec
m = mqtt.Client("clientid", 120, "user", "password")

-- setup Last Will and Testament (optional)
-- Broker will publish a message with qos = 0, retain = 0, data = "offline"
-- to topic "/lwt" if client don't send keepalive packet
m:lwt("/lwt", "offline", 0, 0)

m:on("connect", function(con) print ("connected") end)
m:on("offline", function(con) print ("offline") end)

-- on publish message receive event
m:on("message", function(conn, topic, data)
  print(topic .. ":" )
  if data ~= nil then

-- for secure: m:connect("", 1880, 1)
m:connect("", 1880, 0, function(conn) print("connected") end)

-- subscribe topic with qos = 0
m:subscribe("/topic",0, function(conn) print("subscribe success") end)
-- or subscribe multiple topic (topic/0, qos = 0; topic/1, qos = 1; topic2 , qos = 2)
-- m:subscribe({["topic/0"]=0,["topic/1"]=1,topic2=2}, function(conn) print("subscribe success") end)
-- publish a message with data = hello, QoS = 0, retain = 0
m:publish("/topic","hello",0,0, function(conn) print("sent") end)

-- you can call m:connect again

UDP client and server[edit]

-- a udp server
s:on("receive",function(s,c) print(c) end)

-- a udp client
cu:on("receive",function(cu,c) print(c) end)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kumar, Abhijeet, and Apoorva Sharma. "Internet of Life (IOL)." (2015). ISBN 978-93-5156-328-0
  2. ^ Brian Benchoff. "An SDK for the ESP8266 Wi-Fi chip". Hackaday. 
  3. ^ Vowstar. "NodeMCU Devkit". Github. NodeMCU Team. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  4. ^ Zeroday. "A lua based firmware for wifi-soc esp8266". Github. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  5. ^ Hari Wiguna. "NodeMCU LUA Firmware". Hackaday. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Systems, Espressif. "Espressif Systems". Espressif-WikiDevi. Retrieved 3 June 2017. 
  7. ^ Brian Benchoff. "A DEV BOARD FOR THE ESP LUA INTERPRETER". Hackaday. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  8. ^ Mpx. "Lua CJSON is a fast JSON encoding/parsing module for Lua". Github. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  9. ^ Pellepl. "Wear-leveled SPI flash file system for embedded devices". GitHub. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  10. ^ Espressif system (December 30, 2013). "IoT Wi-Fi 802.11b/g/n integrated SoC implementation of volume production". 中国上海讯. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  11. ^ Hong. "First commit of NodeMCU Firmware". Github. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  12. ^ Huang R. "Initial design of NodeMCU devkit". Github. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  13. ^ Tuan PM. "MQTT client library for ESP8266". Github. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  14. ^ Olikraus; Daniel Sittig. "Universal Graphics Library for 8 Bit Embedded Systems". Google code. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  15. ^ Devsaurus. "U8glib for esp8266". Github. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 

External links[edit]