Noel, Missouri

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Noel, Missouri
City
Location of Noel, Missouri
Location of Noel, Missouri
Coordinates: 36°32′36″N 94°29′10″W / 36.54333°N 94.48611°W / 36.54333; -94.48611Coordinates: 36°32′36″N 94°29′10″W / 36.54333°N 94.48611°W / 36.54333; -94.48611
Country United States
State Missouri
County McDonald
Area[1]
 • Total 2.08 sq mi (5.39 km2)
 • Land 2.00 sq mi (5.18 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation 833 ft (254 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,832
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,824
 • Density 916.0/sq mi (353.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 64854
Area code(s) 417
FIPS code 29-52742[4]
GNIS feature ID 0723397[5]

Noel is a village in McDonald County, Missouri, United States, along the Elk River. The population was 1,832 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Area. It is home to a large population of Muslim Somali and Sudanese refugees, many of whom work at a Tyson Foods chicken-processing plant.

History[edit]

A post office called Noel has been in operation since 1886.[6] The community was named for C. W. and W. J. Noel, stockmen and owners of a saw mill.[7]

Noel later capitalized on its Christmas-themed name, along with North Pole, Alaska, Christmas, Michigan, Santa Claus, Indiana and Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. Each year, tens of thousands of Christmas cards and letters are sent to the USPS Noel Post Office during the holiday season to be stamped with a postmark reading, "Noel, Mo. - 'The Christmas City in the Ozark Vacation Land.'" This practice became popular by the late 1940s when Kate Smith, a radio and television singer, began telling the "Noel Story" during her broadcasts.[8]

Noel is home to a Tyson Foods plant, where chicken is processed for human consumption.[9] By 2010, between 400 to 500 Somali refugees, and 60 and 70 Sudanese refugees, out of 1,800 residents, lived in the town, most of whom worked for Tyson Foods.[9] In 2011, 130 Muslim employees stopped working temporarily after they were discouraged from praying five times a day for fear of low productivity.[10] Tyson Foods later released a statement dismissing it as a cross-cultural misunderstanding.[10]

A mosque was established in 2009, and a African Grocery Store which sells headscarves and rugs in 2010; both are located on the Main Street.[9] In 2017, the Mayor, John Lafley, said the Muslim refugees, "want to practice their Sharia law here, and that's one thing the city won't tolerate".[9]

Geography[edit]

Noel is located at 36°32′36″N 94°29′10″W / 36.54333°N 94.48611°W / 36.54333; -94.48611 (36.543361, -94.486238).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.08 square miles (5.39 km2), of which, 2.00 square miles (5.18 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 324
1930 431 33.0%
1940 515 19.5%
1950 685 33.0%
1960 736 7.4%
1970 924 25.5%
1980 1,161 25.6%
1990 1,169 0.7%
2000 1,480 26.6%
2010 1,832 23.8%
Est. 2015 1,824 [12] −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,832 people, 616 households, and 428 families residing in the village. The population density was 916.0 inhabitants per square mile (353.7/km2). There were 731 housing units at an average density of 365.5 per square mile (141.1/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 56.6% White, 5.0% African American, 2.4% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 2.9% Pacific Islander, 29.4% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 49.7% of the population.

There were 616 households of which 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.5% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.43.

The median age in the village was 28.5 years. 31.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30% were from 25 to 44; 20% were from 45 to 64; and 6.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,480 people, 566 households, and 354 families residing in the city. The population density was 739.7 people per square mile (285.7/km²). There were 630 housing units at an average density of 314.9 per square mile (121.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.42% White, 0.34% African American, 2.16% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 22.97% from other races, and 2.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 36.49% of the population.

There were 566 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the village the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 109.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.6 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $27,386, and the median income for a family was $32,159. Males had a median income of $18,819 versus $16,848 for females. The per capita income for the village was $11,166. About 15.4% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.8% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Post Offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 3 November 2016. 
  7. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 190. 
  8. ^ Noel Christmas Postmarks Retrieved 2009-12-11.
  9. ^ a b c d Gounley, Thomas (February 6, 2017). "Somali refugees change face of southwest Mo. town". USA Today. Retrieved February 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ a b Letner, Josh (October 25, 2011). "Somali workers back on job at Tyson plant". The Joplin Globe. Retrieved February 9, 2017. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links[edit]