Noel Redding

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Noel Redding
Performing with the Jimi Hendrix Experience in 1967
Performing with the Jimi Hendrix Experience in 1967
Background information
Birth nameDavid Noel Redding
Born(1945-12-25)25 December 1945
Folkestone, Kent, England
Died11 May 2003(2003-05-11) (aged 57)
Clonakilty, County Cork, Ireland
Genres
Instruments
  • Bass guitar
  • guitar
  • vocals
Years active1963–2003
Associated acts

David Noel Redding (25 December 1945 – 11 May 2003) was an English rock musician, best known as the bass player for the Jimi Hendrix Experience and guitarist/singer for Fat Mattress.

Following his departure from the Experience in 1969 and the dissolution of Fat Mattress in 1970, Redding formed the short-lived group Road in the United States, which released one eponymous album before he re-located to Clonakilty, Ireland, in 1972. There he formed the Noel Redding Band with former Thin Lizzy guitarist Eric Bell, with whom he released two albums. Although by the 1980s Redding had largely removed himself from the music business, he would later perform around his new hometown with wife Carol Appleby.

Biography[edit]

Background[edit]

Redding was born at Royal Victoria Hospital in Folkestone, Kent to Bromley-born Margaret (née Berggren) and Horace Albert Redding.[1][2][3][4] He grew up on Cliff Road, Seabrook, where his mother ran a guest house, with his mother, his Swedish-born grandmother, brother Anthony and sister Vicki. He attended St Leonards Primary in Hythe and Harvey Grammar School in Folkestone.[5][6] At the age of nine he played violin at school, and then mandolin and guitar. His first public appearances were at the Hythe Youth Club, then at his school.

His first local bands, in which he played lead guitar, were:[citation needed]

  • The Strangers: with John "Andy" Andrews (bass)
  • The Lonely Ones: 1961 - John Andrews (bass), Bob Hiscocks (rhythm guitar), Mick Wibley (drums), Pete Kircher (vocals and, in 1962, drums). The Lonely Ones made a privately pressed EP at the Hayton Manor Studio in Stanford, Kent, in 1963, with Derek Knight on vocals, Trevor Sutton on drums, Noel Redding on lead guitar and John Andrews on bass. First recordings: "Some Other Guy"; "Money"; "Talking About You"; "Anna".
  • The Loving Kind: 1966 with Pete (Kircher) Carter (drums); Jim Leverton (bass); and Derek Knight (vocals).

At 17 Redding became a professional musician and toured clubs in Scotland and Germany with Neil Landon and the Burnettes (formed in late 1962) and the Loving Kind (formed in November 1965). In addition, the Lonely Ones reunited in September 1964, and Redding remained with them a year before taking his leave.[7]

The Jimi Hendrix Experience[edit]

Upon his arrival in England in September 1966, Jimi Hendrix and his producer/manager Chas Chandler set about to find backing musicians. Although Redding had played guitar up to that point, he switched to bass guitar and became the second member of the Jimi Hendrix Experience.[8] With the group, he recorded three landmark albums: Are You Experienced, Axis: Bold as Love, and Electric Ladyland. Redding also wrote and sang lead on two songs, "Little Miss Strange" and "She's So Fine". His playing style was distinguished by the use of a pick, a mid-range "trebly" sound, and in later years the use of fuzz and distortion effects through overdriven Sunn amps. For the bass line in "Red House", Redding played the bass strings on a normal six-string guitar.[9]

By 1969, Hendrix was performing and recording with a number of different musicians. Without consulting Redding, Hendrix announced that he intended to expand the group. Redding responded by quitting the Experience during the American tour on June 29, 1969, and returned to England.[9] However, when Hendrix's attempts to form a new group were unsuccessful, his manager, Michael Jeffery, tried to reunite the Experience in early 1970. The three were interviewed by Rolling Stone magazine to announce the reformation, but ultimately Redding was passed over in favor of bassist Billy Cox, who had performed with Hendrix at Woodstock and for the Band of Gypsys album with Buddy Miles.[9]

Fat Mattress[edit]

In 1968, Redding formed the group Fat Mattress with another Kent musician, Neil Landon. The band also included Jim Leverton on bass and keyboards and Eric Dillon on drums. Redding played guitar and vocals, and a key part of the Fat Mattress sound was the vocal harmonies between him, Landon and Leverton. The band initially toured in support of the Jimi Hendrix Experience, requiring Redding to play two full sets each night. He left Fat Mattress after only one album with them, though some of his compositions would appear on their second album.[10]

Later years[edit]

Redding soon went on to other projects. While living in Los Angeles, he formed Road,[11] a three-piece in the same psychedelic hard rock vein as the Experience, with Rod Richards (ex-Rare Earth) on guitar and Les Sampson on drums, and Redding himself switching back to bass. They released one album, Road (1972), with the three members taking turns on lead vocals.

Noel Redding moved to Ireland in 1972. He formed the Noel Redding Band with Eric Bell (from Thin Lizzy), Dave Clarke, Les Sampson, and Robbie Walsh. Despite the band's name, Redding shared songwriting and lead vocal duties equally with Clarke. They released two albums for RCA, three tours of the Netherlands, two tours of England, one tour of Ireland, and a 10-week tour in the US. The band dissolved after a dispute with their management company. Tracks recorded for a third unreleased album were later released as The Missing Album on Mouse Records.

In his book Are You Experienced?, co-authored with his long-term wife Carol Appleby, he spoke openly about his disappointment in his being cut off from the profits of the continued sale of the Hendrix recordings. He had signed away his royalties in 1974, and in 1980 sold the bass guitar he used with the Experience to a collector. Redding had received $100,000 as a one-off payment after he had been told that there would be no more releases of Jimi Hendrix Experience material. This was before the advent of CDs and DVDs.[12]

In 1990, Redding and Appleby were involved in a car crash returning home from a concert in Glounthaune. Appleby was left brain dead by the accident, with Redding later stating that "she was in intensive care on life support and after four days I had to make the terrible decision of shutting down the machine". They had been together for seventeen years and, just two days prior to the accident, Appleby had finished helping Redding co-write his autobiography.[13]

In 1997, Fender produced the Noel Redding Signature Jazz bass in a signed limited edition of 1000. Premiered at the NAMM Show in January 1997, the bass was based on the 1964 Jazz bass which Redding used throughout his time with the Experience. Redding tracked down the person to whom he had sold the bass some years prior, who agreed to allow Fender to inspect it. Redding stating that "Fender got the original bass from him, copied it, and sent me a prototype, and it was exactly the same as my original bass; they did a brilliant job".[14]

After meeting San Francisco musician and songwriter Keith Dion in London during the awarding of an English Heritage Blue Plaque Award in 1997, Redding performed several tours across the United States with Dion's band "3:05 AM". Recordings from these tours were released on the UK and European releases "West Cork Tuning" and "Stone Free". Video footage from these tours was shown in May 2014 during the now annual Noel Redding Tribute Festival held in Clonakilty each year. Positive feedback was also received from the Irish Cultural Minister and the head of the Irish Film Board.[15]

In 2002, a live album Live From Bunkr  · Prague was released.[16] Predominantly made up of Experience material, the concert was recorded in 1995 in the Czech Republic with guitarist and singer Anthony Krizan of the Spin Doctors, rhythm guitarist Ivan Kral of the Patti Smith Group and drummer Frankie LaRocka. The band rehearsed for a mere 45 minutes before performing. Vaclav Havel, the then President of the Czech Republic watched from the side of the stage.[17]

Redding's last performance was in Clonakilty at De Barras pub, where he had held the Friday night residency for nearly 20 years, performing with some of the local musicians who appeared on his last album Thanks You, Goodnight and Good Luck including Steve Pawsey, Jeff Ward, Jim O'Neil, Eric Bell and Les Sampson.[citation needed]

Death[edit]

Redding was found dead in his home in Clonakilty on 11 May 2003, three weeks after the death of his mother.[18] A postmortem was carried out on 13 May at Cork University Hospital in Wilton, Cork. The report concluded that Redding died from "shock haemorrhage due to oesophageal varices in reaction to cirrhosis of the liver".[19] He was 57 years old; he was survived by a brother, a sister, and a son, Nicolas Noel Redding, by his former wife, Danish-born Susanne.[12]

In the village of Ardfield, local people erected a plaque to his memory.[20] His then partner, the US-born Deborah McNaughton, had returned to America where she died from breast cancer nine months after Redding's death.[21]

Three months prior to his death, Redding had threatened to sue Experience Hendrix, LLC, the company that manages the Hendrix catalogue, for £3.26 million in lost earnings. The estate rejected his claim[22] and went on to release a posthumous compilation album entitled The Experience Sessions in 2004. Along with unreleased takes of Redding-penned Experience album tracks "She's So Fine" and "Little Miss Strange", the album contained unreleased songs recorded by The Jimi Hendrix Experience which Redding had written whilst with the band. Most of the tracks are outtakes from the Axis: Bold As Love and Electric Ladyland albums, and feature Redding on guitar with Hendrix on bass. It also featured a live version of Hendrix's "Red House" with Redding on rhythm guitar. Notably the album features the song "Dream", but omits the other Redding-penned song "Dance" which was recorded during the same session on which Hendrix participated on bass. Written by Redding for drummer Mitch Mitchell to sing, Hendrix would later take Redding's guitar riff and use it for his own song "Ezy Rider", which was first released on the posthumous album The Cry of Love.[23]

A town square in Redding's hometown of Folkestone was renamed "Noel's Yard" as a memorial, described as being "a public 'Theatre in a Square' which promotes commerce, the arts, entertainment, as well as the best of British seaside living within a vibrant and safe creative community".[24]

In 2013, an art exhibition was organised to mark the 10th anniversary of Redding's death. It was opened by his brother Anthony.[5]

Discography[edit]

The Loving Kind

The Jimi Hendrix Experience

For a more complete listing of Redding's recordings with Hendrix, see Jimi Hendrix discography and Jimi Hendrix posthumous discography.

Fat Mattress

  • Fat Mattress (1969)
  • Fat Mattress II (1970)
  • "Naturally" / "Iridescent Butterfly" (1969)
  • "Magic Lanterns" / "Bright New Way" (1969)
  • "Highway" / "Black Sheep of the Family" (1970, co-wrote the A-side only, no performance)

Road

Randy California

Noel Redding Band (also known as the Clonakilty Cowboys)

Lord Sutch and Heavy Friends

British Invasion All-Stars

  • British Invasion All-Stars (2001)

305 AM and Keith Dion

  • West Cork Tuning (2001)
  • West Coast Experience (2002)
  • Stone Free (2003)
  • On Tour with 305 AM (2003)
  • West Cork Tuning Deluxe Edition (2003)

Noel Redding and Friends

  • Live From Bunkr  · Prague (2002)[17][16]
  • Thank You, Goodnight and Gud' Luck (2009)

Yardbirds Experience

  • Family Tree: Birds of a Feather (2006)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Noel Redding Bassist with Jimi Hendrix Archived 28 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine www.independent.co.uk
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 January 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/89997. ISBN 9780198614111.
  5. ^ a b "Hendrix bassist". Kentonline.co.uk. 3 May 2013.
  6. ^ "Are You Experienced?: The Inside Story of the Jimi Hendrix Experience: Amazon.co.uk: Redding, Noel: 9780306806810: Books".
  7. ^ Melhuish, Martin (1986). The Supertramp Book. Toronto, Canada: Omnibus Press. p. 19. ISBN 0-9691272-2-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  8. ^ Redding, Noel (1996). Are You Experienced – The Inside Story of the Jimi Hendrix Experience. Da Capo Press. p. 132. ISBN 978-0306806810.
  9. ^ a b c Shapiro H, Glebbeek C (1991). Jimi Hendrix: Electric Gypsy, William Heinemann Ltd
  10. ^ Unterberger, Richie. "Fat Mattress – Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 31 May 2010.
  11. ^ "Road — Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 31 May 2010.
  12. ^ a b "Hendrix bassist dies". News.bbc.co.uk. 13 May 2003.
  13. ^ "I found new love, but I still think of my tragic Carol all the time; NOEL REDDING ON HIS HEARTACHE AFTER PARTNER'S CRASH DEATH. - Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com.
  14. ^ "Noel Redding". Vintageguitar.com. 23 May 2003.
  15. ^ "Clonakilty pub to unveil never before released Redding & Hendrix photos". Irishexaminer.com. 5 May 2014.
  16. ^ a b Noel Redding: Live from Bunk R  · Prague – Review, allmusic.com
  17. ^ a b "Redding Honors Hendrix On New Live Set". Billboard.com. 17 June 2002.
  18. ^ "Hendrix bassist dies". BBC News. 13 May 2003. Retrieved 31 May 2010.
  19. ^ UniVibes, Issue 46, December 2003
  20. ^ "Noel Redding 25th Dec. 1945 - 11th May 2003 musician lived in Ardfield 1973 - 2003". Openplaques.org. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
  21. ^ "'I get a sudden strange ripple across my lower back and it feels like half my leg has shagged off, unannounced'". Independent.ie.
  22. ^ "Obituary: Noel Redding". The Guardian. 15 May 2003.
  23. ^ Jucha, Gary J. (1 February 2013). Jimi Hendrix FAQ: All That's Left to Know About the Voodoo Child. ISBN 9781617135668.
  24. ^ [1][dead link]

Sources[edit]