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The term itself means “the proper exercise of nous” whereas nous (“mind, understanding, intellect”)[non-primary source needed] is described as “the highest faculty in man, through which - provided it is purified - he knows God or the inner essences or principles of created things through direct apprehension or spiritual perception”. In ancient Greek and medieval philosophy, noetic topics included the doctrine of the active intellect (Aristotle, Averroes) and the doctrine of the Divine Intellect (Plotinus).
The entire philosophy of noetics, which include the notions by Immanuel Kant, John Locke, René Descartes, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, and Jean-Paul Sartre, among others is involved with thinking of intellection by analogy with vision.[better source needed]
Late modern philosopher and phenomenologist Franz Brentano introduced a distinction between sensory and noetic consciousness: the former describes presentations of sensory objects or intuitions, while the latter describes the thinking of concepts. (See also Noesis (phenomenology).)
Noetics is also useful in psychology such as the way it overlaps with Jamesian psychology, which deals with a range of phenomena (including emotions and feelings) that influence our thinking and knowing.
The Institute of Noetic Sciences (founded in 1973) describes noetic sciences as "how beliefs, thoughts, and intentions affect the physical world". Since the 1970s and the foundation of the Institute of Noetic Sciences by NASA astronaut Edgar Mitchell and others, the term "noetics" has been adopted by several authors such as Christian de Quincey in Deep Spirit: Cracking the Noetic Code (2008) and Dan Brown in The Lost Symbol (2009), who write about consciousness and spirituality.
Noetics overlaps heavily with conventional concepts of mysticism, espousing various effects on the physical world via psychic capability.
- Medieval Christian philosophy of intellect
- Noology, another term for the same field
- Contemporary philosophy
- Alternative philosophy and parapsychology
- Integral thought and Ken Wilber
- Institute of Noetic Sciences and Christian de Quincey
- New Thought
- Classical psychology
- Eastern Orthodox Christianity
- Philokalia by St. Philotheos of Sinai, Volume 3, 1986, p. 16
- Kaspari, Bill (2013). The Galilean Pendulum: A New Science Reveals an Unseen World. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse. p. 181. ISBN 9781481709804.
- Foltz, Bruce (2014). The Noetics of Nature: Environmental Philosophy and the Holy Beauty of the Visible. New York: Fordham University Press. pp. 248–249. ISBN 9780823254644.
- Daniel D. De Haan (2010). "Aristotle's De Anima: A Common Point of Departure for Averroistic and Thomistic Noetics?".
- Richard T. Wallis. Neoplatonism and Gnosticism. SUNY Press, 1992, p. 99ff.
- Ong, Walter (1977). Interfaces of the Word: Studies in the Evolution of Consciousness and Culture. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. p. 135. ISBN 080141105X.
- Brentano, F., Sensory and Noetic Consciousness: Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint III, International Library of Philosophy and Scientific Method, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981.
- Biagio G. Tassone, From Psychology to Phenomenology: Franz Brentano's 'Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint' and Contemporary Philosophy of Mind, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 307.
- Krader, Lawrence; Levitt, Cyril (2010). Noetics: The Science of Thinking and Knowing. New York: Peter Lang. pp. xxvii, 9. ISBN 9781433107627.
- Krader, Lawrence; Levitt, Cyril (2010). Noetics: The Science of Thinking and Knowing. New York: Peter Lang. pp. 257–258. ISBN 9781433107627.
- kreidler, Marc (5 February 2022). "Questionable Organizations: An Overview | Quackwatch". Retrieved 6 February 2023.
- Davidson, H. A., Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes, on Intellect: Their Cosmologies, Theories of the Active Intellect, and Theories of Human Intellect, New York-Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1992.
- de Quincey, C., Radical Knowing: Understanding Consciousness through Relationship, Rochester, VT: Park Street Press, 2005.
- Kenny, Anthony, Aquinas on Mind, Routledge, 1994.
- Zarkadakis, G. (2001), "Noetics: A Proposal for a theoretical approach to consciousness", Proceedings of International Conference "Toward a Science of Consciousness: Sweden 2001; Consciousness and its place in Nature", University of Skovde, Sweden, 7–11 August 2001.
- The dictionary definition of noetic at Wiktionary