Noheji, Aomori

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Noheji
野辺地
Town
Noheji Town Hall
Noheji Town Hall
Flag of Noheji
Flag
Official seal of Noheji
Seal
Location of Noheji in Aomori Prefecture
Location of Noheji in Aomori Prefecture
Noheji is located in Japan
Noheji
Noheji
 
Coordinates: 40°51′52″N 141°07′43.5″E / 40.86444°N 141.128750°E / 40.86444; 141.128750Coordinates: 40°51′52″N 141°07′43.5″E / 40.86444°N 141.128750°E / 40.86444; 141.128750
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Aomori Prefecture
District Kamikita
Area
 • Total 81.68 km2 (31.54 sq mi)
Population (Febrjuary 28, 2017)
 • Total 13,728
 • Density 168/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Sakura
- Flower Rosa rugosa
- Bird Common gull
Phone number 0175-64-2111
Address
Noheiji 123-1, Kitakami-gun, Aomori-ken 039-3131
Website www.town.noheji.aomori.jp/index.html
Noheji town center area Aerial photograph, 1975

Noheji (野辺地町, Noheji-machi) is a town located in Kamikita District of northeastern Aomori Prefecture in the Tōhoku region of northern Japan. As of 28 February 2017, the town had an estimated population of 13,728 and a population density of 168 persons per km² in 6,556 households.[1] Its total area was 81.68 square kilometres (31.54 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Noheji occupies the southeastern coastline of Mutsu Bay at the base of the Shimokita Peninsula. The village has a cold maritime climate characterized by cool short summers and long cold winters with heavy snowfall (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Noheji is 9.8 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1243 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 22.7 °C, and lowest in January, at around -2.1 °C.[2]

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Noheji has declined over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 17,544
1980 18,419
1990 16,750
2000 16,012
2010 14,304

History[edit]

The area around Noheji was inhabited by the Emishi people until the historical period, and the name “Noheji” is derived from “Nosobechi”, or “place where a pure river flows through a field” in the Ainu language. During the Edo period, the area was controlled by the Nambu clan of Morioka Domain and prospered due to its fishing industry and location on the road connecting Morioka Domain with the Hirosaki Domain. During the Boshin War of the Meiji Restoration, the Battle of Noheji occurred between the Tokugawa loyalist forces of Morioka Domain and pro-imperial forces of Hirosaki Domain on November 11, 1868. During the post-Meiji restoration cadastral reform of April 1, 1889, Noheiji Village was proclaimed. Noheji was elevated to town status on August 28, 1898.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Noheji is heavily dependent on commercial fishing, especially for scallops, and on agriculture with the raising of mountain yams predominating. The town also serves as a commercial and transportation center for the surrounding rural areas.

Education[edit]

Noheji has three public elementary schools and two public middle schools operated by the town government, and one public high school operated by the Aomori Prefectural Board of Education. The town also has one private high school.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

  • Makado Onsen, a hot spring and ski resort

Noted people from Noheji[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]