Noi Bai International Airport

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Nội Bài International Airport
Sân bay Quốc tế Nội Bài
NIA Logo.png
Sân bay Nội Bài.jpg
Summary
Airport type Civil/Military
Owner Airports Corporation of Vietnam (ACV)
Operator Noi Bai International Airport Operation (NIA)
Serves Hanoi
Location Hanoi, Vietnam
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 39 ft / 12 m
Coordinates 21°12′50.4″N 105°48′10.8″E / 21.214000°N 105.803000°E / 21.214000; 105.803000Coordinates: 21°12′50.4″N 105°48′10.8″E / 21.214000°N 105.803000°E / 21.214000; 105.803000
Website noibaiairport.vn/HOME/Default.aspx
Map
HAN is located in Vietnam
HAN
HAN
Location in Vietnam
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
11L/29R 10,497 3,200 Asphalt
11R/29L 12,466 3,800 Concrete
Statistics (2016)
Total Passenger 20,596,632Increase19.65%[1]
Airfreight (tonnes) 355,000[2]
Aircraft movements 100,846[2]

Nội Bài International Airport (IATA: HANICAO: VVNB) (Vietnamese: Sân bay Quốc tế Nội Bài) in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is the largest airport in Vietnam in terms of total capacity.[3] It's also the second busiest airport in Vietnam after Tan Son Nhat International Airport. It is the main airport serving Hanoi, replacing the role of Gia Lam Airport. The airport consists of two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 serves domestic flights, and the newly-built Terminal 2 (inaugurated on 4 January 2015) serves all international flights to and from Hanoi. The airport is currently the main hub of the country's flag carrier Vietnam Airlines, as well as a major hub of low-cost carriers Vietjet Air and Jetstar Pacific.

The airport is located in Phu Minh Commune in Soc Son District, about 35 kilometres (21 miles) northeast of downtown Hanoi, via the new Nhật Tân Bridge (also inaugurated on 4 January 2015).[4] It can also be reached by National Road 3, which connects it with the eastern suburbs of Hanoi. The airport is also close to some satellite cities of Hanoi such as Vinh Yen, Bac Ninh and Thai Nguyen. The airport served a total of 13 million passengers in 2013, despite having a capacity of only 9 million at the time. The new international terminal, which had its first commercial flight on 25 December 2014[5] and went into full operation on 31 December 2014, has boosted the airport's total capacity to 25 million passengers per year.[6][7]

History[edit]

The airport was developed immediately south of the Phúc Yên Air Base and opened on 2 January 1978. The terminal 1 building was completed and became operational in 2001.

In 2005 Tiger Airways started thrice-weekly flights between Hanoi and Singapore after launching direct flights between Hồ Chí Minh City and Singapore becoming the first budget airline to operate in Vietnam. It was later joined by low-cost carrier AirAsia when they launched direct flights between Hanoi and Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur.

The second runway (1B – 11R/29L) opened in 2006 and the following year the airport hosted an Airbus A380 for the first time, although no scheduled A380 services are operated from the airport. 2013 saw the first arrival of a Cargolux Boeing 747-8F. In 2014 the airport received its first scheduled service with the newest generation of commercial aircraft when All Nippon Airways started using a Boeing 787-8 on services between to Tokyo–Haneda and later the same year the airport received its first visit of Airbus A350 XWB operated by Airbus on World Tour trip. In 2015, Vietnam Airlines started to operate the Airbus A350 XWB for commercial domestic flights.

The airport has been a SkyTeam hub since mid-2010, after Vietnam Airlines joined the network that year.[8]

Terminals and facilities[edit]

New terminal building

At 650 hectares, Noi Bai is the second-largest airport in Vietnam, behind the 800 hectare Tan Son Nhat International Airport. Terminal 1, completed in 2001, had one main section for international flights with a new terminal extension (denoted Lobby E) for domestic flights, which was completed in late 2013. Together with the extension, terminal 1 is capable of handling 9 million passengers per annum.[9] Following the inauguration of Terminal 2 in January 2015, Terminal 1 is solely used for domestic flights. The terminal is currently being upgraded to handle 15 million passengers annually upon completion in March 2018.[10] The construction of the new terminal (Terminal 2) next to the existing one with a designed capacity of 10 million passengers per annum started in March 2012. The 996m long new terminal building, funded by a Japan International Cooperation Agency ODA loan was designed by Japan Airport Consultants and was built by Taisei Corporation. The total investment for the project was ¥75.5 billion (US$645.35 million). Japan's official development assistance accounted for ¥59 billion ($504.27 million) of the investment, while theremaining amount was covered by local funds.[11] The new international terminal was inaugurated on 4 January 2015[4] together with a new freeway connecting the airport to downtown Hanoi via the Nhật Tân Bridge.

The airport has a 3,800-meter paved runway (CAT II – 11R/29L) which opened in August 2006 and an older 3,200-meter paved runway (CAT I – 11L/29R). The older runway is closed for upgrades for 4 months from August to December 2014. The distance between the two runways is only 250 metres, so the airport currently restricts the maximum passenger capacity in accordance with International Civil Aviation Organisation safety regulations.

Awards[edit]

Following the inauguration of the new international terminal, the Noi Bai International Airport received the World's Most Improved Airport Award from Skytrax.[12]

The construction project of the new Noi Bai international terminal also received the JICA President Award for 2015.[13]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Terminal 1 check-in area
Terminal 2 check-in area
Aeroflot II-96-300 takeoff at Noi Bai International Airport
Vietnam Airlines Airbus A321-200 taxiing at Noi Bai International Airport
Lao Airlines ATR 72 at Noi Bai International Airport
Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International
Air Macau Macau
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh, Siem Reap
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Nanning
China Southern Airlines Changsha, Guangzhou, Shenzhen
Eastar Jet Seoul–Incheon
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Emirates Dubai–International
Hainan Airlines Guangzhou[14] Haikou, Sanya
Hai Au Aviation Ha Long Bay
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita
Jeju Air Seoul–Incheon
Jetstar Pacific Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chu Lai, Da Lat, Da Nang, Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai (begins 1 September 2017),[15], Phu Quoc, Quy Nhon, Tuy Hoa, Vinh, Wuxi[16]
Jin Air Seoul–Incheon
Kenya Airways Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Lao Airlines Luang Prabang, Vientiane
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur–International
Mandarin Airlines Taichung
Nok Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Qatar Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Doha
Scoot Singapore
Silk Air Singapore
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Vietjet Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk
VietJet Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Buon Ma Thuot, Busan, Can Tho, Chu Lai, Da Lat, Da Nang, Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, Nha Trang, Phu Quoc, Pleiku, Quy Nhon, Seoul–Incheon, Siem Reap, Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tuy Hoa, Dong Hoi, Yangon (begins 31 August 2017)[17]
Vietnam Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Buon Ma Thuot, Busan, Can Tho, Chu Lai, Da Lat, Da Nang, Dong Hoi, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Hue, Kaohsiung, Kuala Lumpur–International, London–Heathrow, Luang Prabang, Macau, Moscow–Domodedovo, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanjing, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phu Quoc, Pleiku, Quy Nhon, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Tuy Hoa, Vientiane, Vinh, Yangon
Vietnam Airlines
operated by VASCO
Dien Bien Phu, Dong Hoi, Vinh

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Cathay Pacific Cargo Dhaka, Hong Kong, Penang, Singapore
China Airlines Cargo Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan
Emirates SkyCargo[18] Dubai-Al Maktoum
Etihad Cargo[19] Abu Dhabi, Chittagong
EVA Air Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Frankfurt, Singapore
Fedex Express Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Korean Air Cargo Dhaka, Navoi, Seoul–Incheon
Qatar Airways Cargo[20] Doha
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk, Tehran-Imam Khomeini

Statistics[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ACV: Hội nghị tổng kết công tác năm 2016 và triển khai kế hoạch năm 2017". ACV. 20 January 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Kết qủa sản xuất kinh doanh của ACV: Năm 2015 sản lượng hành khách thông qua cảng đạt trên 63 triệu lượt, tăng 24,2% so với năm 2014". vietnamairport.vn. Airports Corporation of Vietnam. Retrieved 19 Jan 2016. 
  3. ^ Busiest airports of Vietnam as of November 2015
  4. ^ a b SGGP English Edition- Noi Bai Airport’s Terminal T2, Nhat Tan Bridge inaugurated
  5. ^ "News VietNamNet". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Terminal 2 ready to open at Ha Noi airport". Việt Nam News. Việt Nam News. Retrieved 7 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "Busiest Airport of Vietnam (In Vietnamese)". VNExpress. VNExpress. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  8. ^ Vietnam Airlines Joins SkyTeam Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, 10 June 2010. archive 2010-06-13
  9. ^ "Ga T1 Nội Bài mở rộng sẽ hoạt động từ ngày 29/12". vnexpress.net. VNExpress. Retrieved 7 January 2015. 
  10. ^ "Khởi công dự án cải tạo, sửa chữa Nhà ga hành khách T1 – Cảng HKQT Nội Bài". vietnamairport.vn. Airports Corporation of Vietnam. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  11. ^ Tuoi Tre Newspaper. "Vietnam’s most modern terminal opens to passengers". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "The World's Most Improved Airports". www.worldairportawards.com. Skytrax. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  13. ^ "List of Projects and Persons for JICA President Award and JICA Recognition Award for 2015" (PDF). www.jica.go.jp. JICA. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "Hainan Airlines expands Guangzhou - SE Asia routes in late-July 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  15. ^ "Jetstar Pacific plans Sep 2017 Osaka debut". Routesonline. Retrieved 12 June 2017. 
  16. ^ "Jetstar Pacific adds new Chinese routes from June 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  17. ^ "Vietjet Air plans Hanoi – Yangon 3Q17 launch". routesonline. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  18. ^ "Emirates SkyCargo Freighter Operations get ready for DWC move". Emirates SkyCargo. 2 April 2014. 
  19. ^ Etihad Cargo announces freighter operations to Hanoi Etihad Airways 13 Jul 2014 14:00
  20. ^ Qatar Airways cargo division adds three new routes GulfBase.com 12/04/2011 00:00 AST. archive 2011-04-16

External links[edit]