Noi Bai International Airport

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Noibai International Airport

Sân Bay Quốc Tế Nội Bài
NIA Logo.png
Sân bay Nội Bài.jpg
Summary
Airport typeCivil/Military
OwnerAirports Corporation of Vietnam (ACV)
OperatorNoibai International Airport Operation (NIA)
ServesHanoi
Hub for
Elevation AMSL39 ft / 12 m
Coordinates21°12′50″N 105°48′11″E / 21.21389°N 105.80306°E / 21.21389; 105.80306Coordinates: 21°12′50″N 105°48′11″E / 21.21389°N 105.80306°E / 21.21389; 105.80306
Websitenoibaiairport.vn/HOME/Default.aspx
Map
HAN/VVNB is located in Vietnam
HAN/VVNB
HAN/VVNB
Location in Vietnam
HAN/VVNB is located in Southeast Asia
HAN/VVNB
HAN/VVNB
HAN/VVNB (Southeast Asia)
HAN/VVNB is located in Asia
HAN/VVNB
HAN/VVNB
HAN/VVNB (Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
11L/29R 10,497 3,200 Asphalt
11R/29L 12,466 3,800 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Total Passenger27,000,000Increase[1]
Airfreight (tonnes)566,000[2]

Nội Bài International Airport (IATA: HAN, ICAO: VVNB) (Vietnamese: Sân Bay Quốc Tế Nội Bài) in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is the largest airport in Vietnam in terms of total capacity.[3] It is also the second busiest airport in Vietnam after Tan Son Nhat International Airport. It is the main airport serving Hanoi, replacing the role of Gia Lam Airport. The airport consists of two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 serves domestic flights, and the newly-built Terminal 2 (inaugurated on 4 January 2015) serves all international flights to and from Hanoi. The airport is currently the main hub of the flag carrier Vietnam Airlines, and budget carriers Bamboo Airways, Jetstar Pacific and Vietjet Air.

The airport is located in Phu Minh Commune in Sóc Sơn District, about 35 kilometres (21 miles) northeast of downtown Hanoi, via the new Nhật Tân Bridge (also inaugurated on 4 January 2015).[4] It can also be reached by National Road 3, which connects it with the eastern suburbs of Hanoi. The airport is also close to some satellite cities of Hanoi such as Vĩnh Yên, Bắc Ninh and Thái Nguyên. The airport served a total of 13 million passengers in 2013, despite having a capacity of only 9 million at the time. The new international terminal, which had its first commercial flight on 25 December 2014[5] and went into full operation on 31 December 2014, has boosted the airport's total capacity to 20 million passengers per year. In 2018, the airport served 28 million passengers.[6][7] The airport's IATA code, HAN, is derived from the city's current name of Hanoi .

Of the routes the airport offers, the Hanoi – Ho Chi Minh City route is the busiest in Southeast Asia and the sixth busiest in the world, serving 6,867,114 customers in 2018.[8]

History[edit]

The airport was developed immediately south of the Phúc Yên Air Base and opened on 2 January 1978. The terminal 1 building was completed and became operational in 2001.

In 2005, Tiger Airways started thrice-weekly flights between Hanoi and Singapore after launching direct flights between Hồ Chí Minh City and Singapore becoming the first budget airline to operate in Vietnam. It was later joined by low-cost carrier AirAsia when they launched direct flights between Hanoi and Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur.

The second runway (1B – 11R/29L) opened in 2006 and the following year the airport hosted an Airbus A380 for the first time, although no scheduled A380 services are operated from the airport. 2013 saw the first arrival of a Cargolux Boeing 747-8F. In 2014 the airport received its first scheduled service with the newest generation of commercial aircraft when All Nippon Airways started using a Boeing 787-8 on services between to Tokyo–Haneda and later the same year the airport received its first visit of Airbus A350 XWB operated by Airbus on World Tour trip. In 2015, Vietnam Airlines started to operate the Airbus A350 XWB for commercial domestic flights.

The airport has been a SkyTeam hub since mid-2010, after Vietnam Airlines joined the network that year.[9]

Terminals and facilities[edit]

At 650 hectares, Noi Bai is the second-largest airport in Vietnam, behind the 800 hectare Tan Son Nhat International Airport. Terminal 1, completed in 2001, had one main section for international flights with a new terminal extension (denoted Lobby E) for domestic flights, which was completed in late 2013. Together with the extension, terminal 1 is capable of handling 9 million passengers per annum.[10] Following the inauguration of Terminal 2 in January 2015, Terminal 1 is solely used for domestic flights. The terminal is currently being upgraded to handle 15 million passengers annually upon completion in March 2018.[11]

The construction of the new terminal (Terminal 2) next to the existing one with a designed capacity of 10 million passengers per annum started in March 2012. The 996 m long new terminal building, funded by a Japan International Cooperation Agency ODA loan was designed by Japan Airport Consultants and was built by Taisei Corporation. The total investment for the project was ¥75.5 billion (US$645.35 million). Japan's official development assistance accounted for ¥59 billion ($504.27 million) of the investment, while the remaining amount was covered by local funds.[12] The new international terminal was inaugurated on 4 January 2015[4] together with a new freeway connecting the airport to downtown Hanoi via the Nhật Tân Bridge.

The airport has a 3,800-meter paved runway (CAT II – 11R/29L) which opened in August 2006 and an older 3,200-meter paved runway (CAT I – 11L/29R). The older runway was closed for upgrades for 4 months from August to December 2014. The distance between the two runways is only 250 metres, so the airport currently restricts the maximum passenger capacity in accordance with International Civil Aviation Organization safety regulations.

Awards[edit]

Following the inauguration of the new international terminal, the Noi Bai International Airport received the World's Most Improved Airport Award from Skytrax.[13][14]

The construction project of the new Noi Bai international terminal also received the JICA President Award for 2015.[15]

Transit[edit]

One can generally do an international transit through the airport without a visa as long as one does not need to leave the security area.[16] There is the ability to pick up board passes within the security area including for some low cost airlines like VietJet.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International
Air Busan Busan[17]
Air China Beijing–Capital[18]
Air Macau Macau
Air Seoul Seoul–Incheon[19]
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda (ends 29 March 2020),[20] Tokyo–Narita (begins 30 March 2020)[20]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Bamboo Airways Buon Ma Thuot, Can Tho,[21] Chu Lai,[22] Da Lat, Da Nang, Dong Hoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, Kaohsiung (begins 1 June 2020), Nha Trang, Phu Quoc, Pleiku, Prague (begins 29 March 2020),[23] Seoul-Incheon (begins 1 June 2020),[24] Taipei–Taoyuan,[25] Tuy Hoa ,[26] Quy Nhon, Vinh
Charter: Ibaraki, Tainan[27]
Bangkok Airways Chiang Mai
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Nanning
China Southern Airlines Beijing–Daxing,[28] Changsha, Guangzhou, Shenzhen
Chongqing Airlines Chongqing[29]
Eastar Jet Seoul–Incheon[30]
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Emirates Dubai–International
GX Airlines Luoyang, Nanning[31]
Hai Au Aviation Ha Long Bay
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
IndiGo Kolkata[32]
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita
Jeju Air Seoul–Incheon
Jetstar Pacific Da Lat, Da Nang, Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong
Jin Air Seoul–Incheon
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Lao Airlines Luang Prabang, Vientiane
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur–International
Mandarin Airlines Taichung
Philippine Airlines Manila[33]
Qatar Airways Doha
Scoot Singapore
Shenzhen Airlines Guangzhou, Shenzhen
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu[34]
SilkAir Singapore
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Turkish Airlines Istanbul[35]
T'way Air Busan, Daegu,[36] Seoul–Incheon
VietJet Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Buon Ma Thuot, Busan, Can Tho, Chu Lai, Da Lat, Da Nang, Delhi,[37] Denpasar/Bali,[38] Dong Hoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, Kaohsiung, Mumbai (begins 14 May 2020),[39] Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Phu Quoc, Pleiku, Quy Nhon, Seoul–Incheon, Siem Reap, Singapore, Taichung,[40] Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita,[41] Tuy Hoa, Yangon[42]
Charter: Yangyang
Vietnam Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Buon Ma Thuot, Busan, Can Tho, Chengdu, Chu Lai, Da Lat, Da Nang, Dong Hoi, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Haikou,[43] Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Hue, Kaohsiung, Kuala Lumpur–International, London–Heathrow, Luang Prabang, Macau,[44] Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[45] Nagoya–Centrair, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Phu Quoc, Pleiku, Quy Nhon, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen,[46] Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Tuy Hoa, Vientiane, Vinh, Yangon
Charter: Chongqing, Dalian, Ibaraki, Ningbo
Vietnam Airlines
operated by VASCO
Dien Bien Phu, Dong Hoi, Vinh

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
AirBridgeCargoAnchorage, Hong Kong, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Taipei-Taoyuan
Asiana CargoChongqing, Seoul–Incheon, Singapore[47]
CargoluxHong Kong, Kuwait, Luxembourg
Cardig AirJakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Shenzhen[48]
Cathay Pacific CargoDhaka, Hong Kong, Penang, Singapore
China Airlines CargoSingapore, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Southern CargoGuangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City
Emirates SkyCargo[49]Dubai-Al Maktoum
Etihad Cargo[50]Abu Dhabi, Anchorage, Chittagong
EVA Air CargoBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Frankfurt, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan
FedEx ExpressGuangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City
Hong Kong Air CargoHong Kong
Korean Air CargoDelhi,[51] Dhaka, Navoi, Seoul–Incheon
K-Mile Air[52]Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Hong Kong
MASkargoKuala Lumpur-International
Qatar Airways Cargo[53]Doha
SpicexpressDelhi[54]
Turkish Airlines CargoDelhi, Istanbul-Atatürk, Tehran-Imam Khomeini

Statistics[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sân bay Nội Bài sắp quá tải, mở rộng về phía Bắc hay phía Nam".
  2. ^ a b "ACI Releases 2017 World Airport Traffic Report". AviationPros.com. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  3. ^ Busiest airports of Vietnam as of November 2015
  4. ^ a b SGGP English Edition- Noi Bai Airport’s Terminal T2, Nhat Tan Bridge inaugurated Archived 7 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "News VietNamNet". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Terminal 2 ready to open at Ha Noi airport". Việt Nam News. Việt Nam News. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  7. ^ "Busiest Airport of Vietnam (In Vietnamese)". VNExpress. VNExpress. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  8. ^ "Busiest routes in the world – the top 100". Routesonline. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  9. ^ Vietnam Airlines Joins SkyTeam Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, 10 June 2010. archive 2010-06-13
  10. ^ "Ga T1 Nội Bài mở rộng sẽ hoạt động từ ngày 29/12". vnexpress.net. VNExpress. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  11. ^ "Khởi công dự án cải tạo, sửa chữa Nhà ga hành khách T1 – Cảng HKQT Nội Bài". vietnamairport.vn. Airports Corporation of Vietnam. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  12. ^ Tuoi Tre Newspaper. "Vietnam's most modern terminal opens to passengers". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  13. ^ "The World's Most Improved Airports". www.worldairportawards.com. Skytrax. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  14. ^ "Noi Bai world's most improved airport". www.vnexpress.net. VN Express International. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  15. ^ "List of Projects and Persons for JICA President Award and JICA Recognition Award for 2015" (PDF). www.jica.go.jp. JICA. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  16. ^ Advisor, Vietnam Immigration-Your Vietnam Visa. "Need Vietnam visa once Vietnam is a stopover". Vietnam-Immigration.Org.Vn. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  17. ^ "Air Busan adds Busan – Hanoi route from late-Oct 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  18. ^ Air China adds Hanoi service from June 2018 Routesonline. 25 April 2018.
  19. ^ http://www.ekn.kr/news/article.html?no=450235
  20. ^ a b https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/287773/ana-s20-tokyo-international-network-changes-as-of-26nov19/?highlight=Tokyo%20Haneda
  21. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/283246/bamboo-airways-expands-domestic-network-from-march-2019/
  22. ^ https://www.etrip4u.com/bamboo-airways-khai-thac-duong-bay-moi-ha-noi-chu-lai
  23. ^ https://www.anna.aero/2020/01/15/bamboo-airways-turns-one-as-hanoi-prague-announced/
  24. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/289562/bamboo-airways-adds-hanoi-seoul-service-from-june-2020/
  25. ^ https://twitter.com/Airlineroute/status/1194329365560971265?s=19
  26. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/288489/bamboo-airways-adds-hanoi-tuy-hoa-service-from-mid-jan-2020/
  27. ^ https://tuoitre.vn/bamboo-airways-khai-truong-lien-tiep-3-duong-bay-20190422170234794.htm
  28. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/29/breaking-news/249703/where-does-the-airbus-a380-fly-q3-2019-network-update
  29. ^ Chongqing Airlines begin service to Hanoi
  30. ^ cancelled till 26 October 2019
  31. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/286052/gx-airlines-launches-new-routes-to-hanoi-in-late-sep-2019/
  32. ^ "IndiGo adds Hanoi service from Oct 2019". Airlineroute. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  33. ^ "Philippine Airlines International Timetable (October 28, 2018 – UFN)" (PDF). Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  34. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/285681/sichuan-airlines-plans-chengdu-hanoi-service-from-mid-august-2019/
  35. ^ "Istanbul New Airport Transition Delayed Until April 5, 2019 (At The Earliest)".
  36. ^ "T'Way Air adds Daegu – Hanoi from late-Nov 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  37. ^ "VietJet launches flights to Delhi from Hanoi & Ho Chi Minh City". "Network Thoughts". Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  38. ^ Liu, Jim. "VietJet Air adds Hanoi – Denpasar service from late-Jan 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  39. ^ "VietJet Air S20 India service expansion". Airlineroute. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  40. ^ Vietjet Air adds Hanoi – Taichung service from late-June 2018 Routesonline. 25 April 2018.
  41. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/280151/vietjet-air-plans-hanoi-tokyo-narita-from-jan-2019/
  42. ^ "Vietjet Air plans Hanoi – Yangon 3Q17 launch". routesonline. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  43. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/287291/vietnam-airlines-4q19-china-network-additions/
  44. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/286888/vietnam-airlines-schedules-macau-service-from-mid-dec-2019/
  45. ^ Liu, Jim (14 November 2019). "Vietnam Airlines W19 Moscow aircraft changes". Routesonline. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  46. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/287333/vietnam-airlines-adds-shenzhen-service-from-late-nov-2019/
  47. ^ "Schedules by Route". www.asianacargo.com.
  48. ^ "Cardig Air Scheduled Timetable". Cardigair.com. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  49. ^ "Emirates SkyCargo Freighter Operations get ready for DWC move". Emirates SkyCargo. 2 April 2014.
  50. ^ Etihad Cargo announces freighter operations to Hanoi Etihad Airways 13 July 2014 14:00
  51. ^ https://www.eturbonews.com/227680/korean-air-launches-cargo-flights-to-delhi-india
  52. ^ https://www.flightradar24.com/data/flights/8k524
  53. ^ Qatar Airways cargo division adds three new routes GulfBase.com 12/04/2011 00:00 AST. archive 2011-04-16
  54. ^ Spicejet Press Release
  55. ^ "10 fastest-growing air hubs". Saigon Cargo Service Corporation. Retrieved 17 February 2019.

External links[edit]