Noi Bai International Airport
|Nội Bài International Airport
Sân bay Quốc tế Nội Bài
Noi Bai International Airport Terminal 1
|IATA: HAN – ICAO: VVNB|
|Owner||Airports Corporation of Vietnam (ACV)|
|Operator||Noi Bai International Airport Operation (NIA)|
|Elevation AMSL||39 ft / 12 m|
Nội Bài International Airport (IATA: HAN, ICAO: VVNB) (Vietnamese: Sân bay Quốc tế Nội Bài) in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is the largest airport in the north of the country. It is the main airport serving Hanoi, replacing the role of Gia Lam Airport. The airport consists of two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 serves the domestic flights and the newly built Terminal 2 (inaugurated on the 4th of January 2015) serves all international flights to and from Hanoi. The airport is currently the main hub of the country's flag carrier Vietnam Airlines as well as a major hub of low-cost carriers Vietjet Air and Jetstar Pacific.
The airport is located in Phu Minh Commune in Soc Son District, about 27 kilometres (17 miles) northeast of downtown Hanoi, via the new Nhật Tân Bridge (also inaugurated on the 4th of January 2015). It can also be reached by National Road 3, which connects it with the eastern suburbs of Hanoi. The airport is also close to some satellite cities of Hanoi such as Vinh Yen, Bac Ninh and Thai Nguyen.
The airport served a total of 13 million passengers in 2013 despite having a capacity of only 9 million at the time. The new international terminal which had its first commercial flight on the 25th of December 2014 and went into full operation on 31 December 2014 has boosted the total capacity of the airport to 19 million passengers per year.
The airport was developed immediately south of the Phúc Yên Air Base and opened on 2 January 1978. The terminal 1 building was completed and became operational in 2001.
In 2005 Tiger Airways started thrice-weekly flights between Hanoi and Singapore after launching direct flights between Hồ Chí Minh City and Singapore becoming the first budget airline to operate in Vietnam. It was later joined by low-cost carrier AirAsia when they launched direct flights between Hanoi and Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur.
The second runway (1B – 11R/29L) opened in 2006 and the following year the airport hosted an Airbus A380 for the first time, although no scheduled A380 services are operated from the airport. 2013 saw the first arrival of a Cargolux Boeing 747-8F. In 2014 the airport received its first scheduled service with the newest generation of commercial aircraft when All Nippon Airways started using a Boeing 787-8 on services between Hanoi and Tokyo.
2015 will see the launch of the first direct flights linking Hanoi and the United States West Coast, home to a large population of overseas Vietnamese. The routes will also link the Boeing assembly plants in Vietnam with the company's headquarters.
Terminals and facilities
At 650 hectares, Noi Bai is the second-largest airport in Vietnam, behind the 800 hectare Tan Son Nhat International Airport. Terminal 1, completed in 2001, had one main section for international flights with a new terminal extension (denoted Lobby E) for domestic flights, which was completed in late 2013. Together with the extension, terminal 1 is capable of handling 9 million passengers per annum. Following the inauguration of Terminal 2 in January 2015, Terminal 1 is solely used for domestic flights.
The construction of the new terminal (Terminal 2) next to the existing one with a designed capacity of 10 million passengers per annum started in March 2012. The 996m long new terminal building, funded by a Japan International Cooperation Agency ODA loan was designed by Japan Airport Consultants and was built by Taisei Corporation. The total investment for the project was ¥75.5 billion (US$645.35 million). Japan's official development assistance accounted for ¥59 billion ($504.27 million) of the investment, while the remaining amount was covered by local funds. The new international terminal was inaugurated on the 4th of January 2015 together with a new freeway connecting the airport to downtown Hanoi via the Nhật Tân Bridge.
The airport has a 3,800-meter paved runway (CAT II – 11R/29L) which opened in August 2006 and an older 3,200-meter paved runway (CAT I – 11L/29R). The older runway is closed for upgrades for 4 months from August to December 2014. The distance between the two runways is only 250 metres, so the airport currently restricts the maximum passenger capacity in accordance with International Civil Aviation Organisation safety regulations.
Airlines and destinations
As of August 2014, the following destinations were served from Hanoi:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Noi Bai International Airport.|
- "Khánh thành Nhà ga hành khách T2 – Cảng HKQT Nội Bài". vietnamairport.vn. Airports Corporation of Vietnam. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
- "News VietNamNet". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Terminal 2 ready to open at Ha Noi airport". http://vietnamnews.vn/. Việt Nam News. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
- "Sắp mở đường bay thẳng Việt - Mỹ". BBC Tiếng Việt. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Ga T1 Nội Bài mở rộng sẽ hoạt động từ ngày 29/12". vnexpress.net. VNExpress. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
- Tuoi Tre Newspaper. "Vietnam’s most modern terminal opens to passengers". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Jeju Air Adds New International Routes in Dec 2014". Airline Route. 29 September 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- "Jetstar Pacific to start Hanoi-Hong Kong service in Sept". The Saigon Times. 17 April 2015. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "Jetstar Pacific adds new domestic routes". Airline route. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Kenya Airways Adds Hanoi; Replacing Guangzhou Nonstop Service from late-March 2015". Airline Route. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- "Vietnam Airlines to Operate London Heathrow Service from late-March 2015". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Emirates SkyCargo Freighter Operations get ready for DWC move". Emirates SkyCargo. 2 April 2014.
- QR Cargo to HAN
- Airport information for VVNB at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.