Noirmoutier

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Noirmoutier
Noirmoutier Island SPOT 1275.jpg
Noirmoutier Island image from satellite Spot
Noirmoutier is located in France
Noirmoutier
Noirmoutier
Geography
LocationAtlantic Ocean
Coordinates46°58′N 2°13′W / 46.967°N 2.217°W / 46.967; -2.217Coordinates: 46°58′N 2°13′W / 46.967°N 2.217°W / 46.967; -2.217
Area49 km2 (19 sq mi)
Length19 km (11.8 mi)
Width6 km (3.7 mi)
Highest elevation20 m (70 ft)
Highest pointNo named
Administration
France
RegionPays de la Loire
DepartmentVendée
ArrondissementLes Sables-d'Olonne
Demographics
Population9,590
Pop. density195.76 /km2 (507.02 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsFrench people
Official nameMarais Breton, Baie de Bourgneuf, Ile de Noirmoutier et Forêt de Monts
Designated2 February 2017
Reference no.2283[1]
The Passage du Gois leading to the island of Noirmoutier.

Noirmoutier (also in French : Île de Noirmoutier) is an island off the Atlantic coast of France in the Vendée department.

Geography[edit]

The island comprises ten localities and four distinct Communes of France. Its length is approximately 25 kilometres, and its width varies from 500 metres to 15 kilometres. Its area of 4,877 hectares.

Noirmoutier is referred to as the Island of Mimosas, due to the temperateness of its climate, which allows for the flowering of Acacia dealbata (mimosa) year-round. The island is predominantly salt marsh and salt banks, sand dunes and evergreen oak forests.

The communes of the island are grouped into a communauté de communes. The communes are:

The island has been a site of uninterrupted human inhabitation since prehistoric times, and is a popular tourist destination.

Parts of the island have been reclaimed from the sea. In 2005 it served as the finish of the Tour de France prologue.


Transport[edit]

Noirmoutier has been connected to mainland France by bridge since 1971. The island is most notable for the Passage du Gois, a paved-over sandbank with a length of 4.5 kilometers, one of the routes that connect the island to the mainland. It is flooded twice a day by the high tide. Every year, a foot race – the Foulées du Gois – is held across it, starting at the onset of the high tide.

History[edit]

Noirmoutier was the location of an early Viking raid in 799, when raiders attacked the monastery of Saint Philibert of Jumièges in 799.[2]

St. Mary Euphrasia Pelletier was born on this island on July 31, 1796.

Infrastructure[edit]

In response to an effort by the French government to add offshore wind projects to the national grid, a 496 MW wind farm is being developed near the island, with a planned commissioning date of 2021.[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Noirmoutier Island, Vendée
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
17.5
(63.5)
22.9
(73.2)
27.5
(81.5)
31.3
(88.3)
36.0
(96.8)
37.0
(98.6)
37.0
(98.6)
33.0
(91.4)
27.1
(80.8)
20.5
(68.9)
16.1
(61)
37.0
(98.6)
Average high °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
9.8
(49.6)
12.5
(54.5)
14.9
(58.8)
18.4
(65.1)
21.5
(70.7)
23.4
(74.1)
23.5
(74.3)
21.4
(70.5)
17.4
(63.3)
12.9
(55.2)
9.9
(49.8)
16.2
(61.2)
Average low °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
4.5
(40.1)
6.4
(43.5)
8.0
(46.4)
11.3
(52.3)
13.9
(57)
15.7
(60.3)
15.8
(60.4)
13.9
(57)
11.5
(52.7)
7.7
(45.9)
5.2
(41.4)
9.9
(49.8)
Record low °C (°F) −10.0
(14)
−7.7
(18.1)
−6.0
(21.2)
0.0
(32)
0.5
(32.9)
6.0
(42.8)
10.4
(50.7)
9.5
(49.1)
7.0
(44.6)
1.7
(35.1)
−4.0
(24.8)
−8.0
(17.6)
-0.0
(32)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 70.1
(2.76)
56.6
(2.23)
49.4
(1.94)
52.1
(2.05)
52.2
(2.06)
34.2
(1.35)
38.6
(1.52)
31.5
(1.24)
56.9
(2.24)
85.2
(3.35)
80.9
(3.19)
78.4
(3.09)
686.1
(27.02)
Average precipitation days 12 10 10 10 9 7 6 6 9 12 12 13 116
Mean monthly sunshine hours 87 136 182 226 255 291 274 259 233 149 107 112 2,311
Source: Météo France - Period 1981-2010 - Extremes since 1959.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Marais Breton, Baie de Bourgneuf, Ile de Noirmoutier et Forêt de Monts". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ Sawyer, Peter. "The Viking Expansion." The Cambridge History of Scandinavia, Volume 1: Prehistory to 1520. 105.
  3. ^ "496MW French Offshore Wind Farm Gets New Layout". Offshore Wind. Retrieved 1 August 2016.

External links[edit]