Noise (video)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Noise in a CRT television (top) and flat screen television (bottom)
Noise or snow screen was captured from a VHS tape

Noise, commonly known as static, white noise or static noise, in displayed devices, VHS tapes, analog video, radio and television, is a random dot pixel or snow pattern of static displayed when no transmission signal or being weak is obtained by the antenna receiver of television sets, flat screen televisions, radio televisions, smart televisions, CRT television sets, VHS sets and other display devices. The random pixel pattern is superimposed on the picture or the television screen, being visible as a random flicker of "dots", "wavy vertical lines" or "snow", is the result of electronic noise and radiated electromagnetic noise accidentally picked up by the antenna like air, cable, TV or CATV. This effect is most commonly seen with analog TV sets, blank VHS tapes, or other display devices.

There are many sources of electromagnetic noise which cause the characteristic display patterns of static. Atmospheric sources of noise are the most ubiquitous, and include electromagnetic signals prompted by cosmic microwave background radiation,[1] or more localized radio wave noise from nearby electronic devices.[2]

The display device itself is also a source of noise, due in part to thermal noise produced by the inner electronics. Most of this noise comes from the first transistor the antenna is attached to.[2]

UK viewers used to see "snow" on black after sign-off, instead of "bugs" on white, a purely technical artifact due to old 405-line British senders using positive rather than the negative video modulation used in Canada, the U.S., and (currently) the UK as well. Since one impression of the "snow" is of fast-flickering black bugs on a white background, the phenomenon is often called myrornas krig in Swedish, myrekrig in Danish, hangyák háborúja in Hungarian, Ameisenkrieg in German, and semut bertengkar in Indonesian, which all translate to "war of the ants". It is also known as ekran karıncalanması in Turkish, meaning "ants on the screen", hangyafoci in Hungarian which means "ant football", and in Romanian, purici, which translates into "fleas". In French however, this phenomenon is mostly called neige (snow), just like in Dutch, where it is called sneeuw. In Portugal, it's called formigueiro, meaning either "anthill" or "formication". In Argentina this video noise is called lluvia (rain), maybe related to the sound that go along with it. [3] Similarly, this noise is called suna-arashi (sand storm) in Japanese, referring to the natural phenomenon.

Most modern televisions automatically change to a blue or black screen, or turn to standby after some time if static is present.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Background on the Background Explorer and the Science of John Mather". NASA.
  2. ^ a b "Antenna basics". HDTV Primer.
  3. ^ "Imagen de lluvia o puntos en tu televisor". DirectTV argentina.