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Noise power

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In telecommunication, the term noise power has the following meanings:

  1. The measured total noise in a given bandwidth at the input or output of a device when the signal is not present; the integral of noise spectral density over the bandwidth
  2. The power generated by a random electromagnetic process.
  3. Interfering and unwanted power in an electrical device or system.
  4. In the acceptance testing of radio transmitters, the mean power supplied to the antenna transmission line by a radio transmitter when loaded with noise having a Gaussian amplitude-vs.-frequency distribution.

Noise power can be calculated by multiplying the noise spectral density with the signal bandwidth


  • kB = Boltzmann constant1.38×10−23 J⋅K−1[1]
  • T = absolute temperature of the device
  • B = bandwidth


Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from Federal Standard 1037C. General Services Administration. Archived from the original on 2022-01-22. (in support of MIL-STD-188).

  1. ^ "2022 CODATA Value: Boltzmann constant". The NIST Reference on Constants, Units, and Uncertainty. NIST. May 2024. Retrieved 2024-05-18.