|Developer||Microsoft Mobile Oy (originally Nokia)|
|OS family||Mobile operating system|
|Source model||Closed source|
|Initial release||9 May 2013|
|Latest release||Asha Platform 184.108.40.206|
|Marketing target||Entry-level smartphones|
|Kernel type||unknown, descendant of Series 40|
|Nokia Fastlane, Swipe|
|Official website||Nokia Asha — Platform overview|
The Nokia Asha platform is a mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for low-end borderline smartphones, based on software from Smarterphone which was acquired by Nokia. The platform inherits UI similarities mostly from MeeGo "Harmattan", and replaces Series 40 on Nokia's low-end devices. The user interface design team was headed by Peter Skillman, who had worked previously on webOS and the design of MeeGo for the Nokia N9.
The first phone based on the platform is the Nokia Asha 501, and were followed by the Asha 500, Asha 502 Dual SIM, and Asha 503, all announced at Nokia World in October 2013. Another phone, the Nokia Asha 230 was announced on 24 February 2014, comes pre-installed with Asha platform 1.4.
Apps for the platform are either made using Java ME, or as web apps, which are rendered by the Nokia Xpress browser which uses the Gecko rendering engine. The mobile operating system lacks true multitasking but the radio and music app can run in background mode (which is advertised as multitasking), while swiping to fastlane apps will actually close down previously opened applications instead of minimising them.
It features a notification centre, named Fastlane, which is accessible by swiping to the left of the home screen.
The platform is supplemented by the Nokia X software platform, Nokia's customised version of Android, seen on the Nokia X, which draws cues from the Asha platform, including the Fastlane notification centre.
In a company memo released in July 2014, Microsoft announced that as part of cutbacks, they would cease development of the Asha, Series 40, and X range entirely, in favor of solely producing and encouraging the use of Lumia Windows Phone products.
A much rumoured project, "Meltemi" was the codename of a new Linux-based operating system for low-end handsets. This was first reported in June 2011, during the N9's announcement and before the Lumia's debut. Nokia CEO Stephen Elop also reportedly referenced the Meltemi name as well as "Clipper".
It was reported in June 2012 that the Meltemi project was cancelled. Reasons have been variously reported due to restructuring efforts, focusing on Series 40 Asha devices, fundings, or the start of a new project that would become the Asha platform. An insider's report claimed that a device running Meltemi OS was almost ready before it was cancelled.
In December 2014, pictures of a working Meltemi prototype device were leaked on the internet. The interface is clearly based on that of MeeGo Harmattan on the N9.
In the book Operation Elop, the authors called the Meltemi project "one of the biggest secrets during Elop's era at Nokia", a project Nokia never officially confirmed that existed. The authors further explain that Meltemi originated as a research project in 2010 under then-CEO Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo; that "Clipper" was to be a device sibling to the Nokia Lumia 610; that a tablet device for developing markets was planned; and that it was part of the company's "Next Billion" programme, much like what the Asha platform would become. In addition in June 2012 it was announced that a Nokia R&D centre in Ulm, Germany, where apparently much development took place, would close down in cuts. The book states that the main reason of Meltemi's cancellation was that the costs of bringing it to market would have hit the company's cash assets too hard, at a time when they were already financially struggling.
Asha Platform 1.0
Java APIs: HERE API, Nokia Gesture API, Nokia Frame Animator API,
File Selection API, Image Scaling API, Network State API, Contact API, Phone Settings API,
JSR 172 (Web Services), JSR 177 (Security and Trust), JSR 179 (Location), JSR 211 (Content Handler), JSR 234 (Multimedia Supplements), JSR 256 (Mobile Sensor API), JSR-238 (Mobile Internationalization), JSR 75 (File and PIM), JSR 82 (Bluetooth), JSR 118 (MIDP 2.1), JSR 135 (Mobile Media), JSR 139 (CLDC 1.1), JSR 184 (3D Graphics), JSR 205 (Messaging), JSR 226 (Vector Graphics),
Supported models: Nokia Asha 501
Asha Platform 1.1
Features (new compared to 1.0): WhatsApp, easy capture and share videos, Microsoft Exchange ActiveSync, VoIP and Fastlane is more personalised and more closely integrated with your social networks.
Java APIs (new compared to 1.0): Share API, VoIP API
Asha Platform 1.2
Features (new compared to 1.1): 3G
Java APIs (new compared to 1.1): none
Supported models: Asha 503
The Verge commented that the platform may be a recognition on the part of Nokia that they are unable to move Windows Phone into the bottom end of smartphone devices and may be "hedging their commitment" to the Windows Phone platform.
The Asha Platform's main competition is Firefox OS, and Samsung's Java-based REX platform; both of which are also optimised for low-end handsets. Furthermore, entry-level Android handsets are also competition to the platform.
- "Nokia Asha — Platform overview". Archived from the original on September 3, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- "Nokia unveils the touchscreen Asha 501 with new software platform, we go hands-on (video)". engadget.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Sharma, Mahesh (2013-05-09). "Nokia launches $99 Asha phone, reveals new OS" (CSS3/IE7+). ZDNet. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- Reisinger, Don (2012-07-26). "Nokia quietly kills Linux-based Meltemi, report says" (CSS3/IE7+). c|net. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- "Nokia adds 500, 502 and 503 to its Asha lineup, starts at $69". engadget.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Litchfield, Steve (2012-09-25). "Nokia's Asha Touch now 'officially' a 'smartphone' platform". All About Symbian. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- Faro-Tusino, Michael (2013-05-09). "Q&A with Stephen Elop on the Asha 501". My Nokia Blog. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- "Xtraordinarily xcellent: the Nokia X family". microsoft.com. Archived from the original on 25 July 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- "Microsoft is killing off Nokia's feature phones in favor of Windows Phone". The Verge. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- "Nokia's 'Meltemi' a new Linux-based OS for low-end phones?". 28 September 2011.
- Sahil Bones Gupta (2013-03-05). "Nokia's Meltemi was supposedly a bridge between Asha and Lumia devices". Bgr.in. Retrieved 2023-01-27.
- "Nokia's 'Meltemi' Linux-based mobile OS reportedly shelved". 14 June 2012.
- "Blast from the Past: Nokia Meltemi OS & prototype phone demoed in a hands-on video". 25 May 2016.
- "Visualized: The Alternate Future of Nokia, Powered by MeeGo and Asha Platform". 17 June 2013.
- "Nokia had a working Meltemi prototype with the mobile OS that never was, here's how it looked like".
- "Operation Elop". 18 September 2019.
- "Do you have a Nokia Asha 501? Get ready to feel like it's brand new again with an extensive software update that adds great new experiences, improvements and capabilities to your phone". Nokia. 2013-11-21. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
- "Nokia Asha: Update phone software". Nokia. 2013-11-21. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
- Savov, Vlad (2013-05-09). "Nokia hedges its commitment to Windows Phone with new Asha platform and $99 phone" (CSS3/IE8+). The Verge. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- Goodwin, Richard (2013-02-18). "Samsung's REX handsets aim to hit Nokia where it hurts". Know Your Mobile. United Kingdom: Dennis Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- Ricknäs, Mikael (2013-07-01). "First Firefox OS phone arrives in Spain on Tuesday". Computerworld. Retrieved 2013-10-26.