녹둔도 / 록둔도
Noktundo is a former island (currently a peninsula) in the delta of the Tumen River on the border between Primorsky Krai, Russia and North Korea. The area of the island was 32 square kilometres (12 sq mi).
At the time of the shallowing of the northern branch of the Tumen, the course of the river changed from time to time. As a result, the island of Noktundo was sometimes joined with the mainland of Primorsky Krai. Regardless, the island remained under Korean jurisdiction.
The island was under Qing control until 1860 Convention of Peking, the Qing Dynasty ceded the island to the Russian Empire. This became a matter of protest to the Koreans, who claimed that the Qing had no authority to do so. In 1990, the former Soviet Union and North Korea signed a border treaty which made the border run through the center of the river leaving territory of the former island on Russian side. South Korea refused to acknowledge the treaty and demanded that Russia return the territory to Korea.
- 이옥희 [Yi Ok-hui]; 최한성 [Choe Han-seong]; 안재섭 [An Jae-seop] (2004). "두만강 하구 녹둔도의 위치 비정(批正)에 관한 연구" [Geographical Study on the Location of Nokdun-do in lower Tuman river]. 《대한지리학회 2004년 춘계학술대회논문집》 [Proceedings of the 2004 Conference of the Korean Geographical Society]. Retrieved 2010-06-10.
- "우리땅 우리魂 영토분쟁 현장을 가다 10 잊혀진 섬 녹둔도", Donga Ilbo, 2004-06-10, retrieved 2010-06-10; of interest even to those who do not read Korean, some maps and photos are given at the bottom of the article.
- Головнин, В. И. (2008). "Прошлое как оружие" [The past as a weapon]. Россия в глобальной политике (in Russian). 6 (35). Archived from the original on 6 December 2010.
- "Проблема острова Ноктундо в средствах массовой информации Южной Кореи" [The problem of the Noktundo island in the media in South Korea] (in Russian). ru.apircenter.org. Archived from the original on 10 September 2013. Retrieved 2015-06-30.
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