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Nolensville Town Hall in November 2013.
Location of Nolensville in Williamson County, Tennessee.
|Named for||William Nolen (early settler)|
|• Total||10.43 sq mi (27.02 km2)|
|• Land||10.43 sq mi (27.02 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||623 ft (190 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||863.88/sq mi (333.55/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1295807|
Nolensville is a town in Williamson County, Tennessee. The population was 5,861 at the 2010 census. It was established in 1797 by William Nolen, a veteran of the American Revolutionary War. Located in Middle Tennessee, it is approximately twenty-two miles southeast of Nashville. The town was re-incorporated in 1996.
Nolensville is located at (35.956786, -86.666967).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 9.5 square miles (25 km2), all land.
This area was settled by European Americans after the American Revolutionary War, when pioneers began to move west of the Appalachian Mountains. William Nolen, a war veteran, his wife, Sarah, and their five children were passing through the area in 1797 when their wagon wheel broke. Surveying his surroundings, Nolen noted the rich soil and abundance of natural resources. He decided to settle here and the community was later named for him as Nolensville. William Nolen purchased a portion of a land grant made to Jason Thompson, on which Nolensville later developed. Nolen's historic house was moved to a new location in 2009.
In the early 19th century, a large migration from Rockingham, North Carolina, brought the Adams, Allen, Barnes, Cyrus, Fields, Glenn, Irion, Johnson, Peay, Scales, Taylor, Vernon, Wisener, Williams, and other families to the area. Built along Mill Creek, the town was incorporated in 1839.
Foraging and skirmishing took place here during the Civil War. Gen. John Wharton's Confederate cavalry unit was stationed in town briefly and Gen. Joseph Wheeler's command captured a Union supply train here on December 30, 1862. A small group of soldiers from the 2nd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry successfully defended a Union wagon train against a much larger Confederate cavalry force in February 1863, with several of them earning the Medal of Honor for their actions.
From the post-Reconstruction period into the early 20th century, whites lynched a total of five African Americans in Williamson County. They did not allow the legal system to prosecute these men, but conducted extra-judicial murder. Among the victims was 15-year-old Samuel Smith, an African American who was lynched in Nolensville in December 1924. He was arrested there for shooting and wounding Ike Eastwood at his house, after Eastwood shot Smith's uncle; the grocer also shot and wounded Smith. Smith was taken for treatment to a hospital in Nashville. A group of masked men took him from the hospital and, with a larger mob, back 22 miles to Nolensville. There the mob hanged the youth near Eastwood's house and shot him multiple times. Although the Nashville Chamber of Commerce offered a $5000 reward in the case, no one was convicted of Smith's murder. On June 5, 2017, a plaque was installed in his memory at St. Anselm Episcopal Church in Nashville, Tennessee; it memorialized two other local lynching victims as well.
Post-World War II to present
On both sides of Nolensville Road, from north of Oldham Drive to the south as far as York/Williams Road, are many structures from the 19th century that are still in use as homes and/or stores. The Home Place Bed & Breakfast was built in 1820 as a private residence. Within the described area above is a historic section, which in the 19th century was the center of Nolensville. Of note is the Waller Funeral Home, built in 1876; the Nolensville Mill Company, which operated from 1890 to 1986 (today it houses a store featuring Amish goods); and the Nolensville Co-Op Creamery, which operated from 1921-1957. Now serving as an antique store, the Creamery had produced butter known for its excellence throughout the area. The house north of the cemetery today serves as a veterinary clinic.
Nolensville voted by referendum to re-incorporate in August 1996. In October 1996 the first election was held, electing the first three-member Nolensville Board of Mayor and Aldermen. The first Mayor of Nolensville was Charles F. Knapper, elected along with Aldermen Thomas "Tommy" Dugger, III, and Parman Henry. The town for the first time hired a Town Attorney, Robert J. Notestine, III.
Since 1996, Nolensville has had sustained growth. New home developments have been built around the town, including Bent Creek, Winterset Woods, Burkitt Place, Silver Stream, Ballenger Farms, Sunset Farms, Summerlyn and more. Nolensville has had 290 residential building permits since the 2010 census; it boasts of having the lowest property tax rates in Williamson County. Other signs of growth are the new multi-million-dollar town hall, numerous business plazas, and new restaurants.
To accommodate the many new students brought by families settling in the area, the Williamson County School Board purchased 95 acres (38 ha) on the south side of Nolensville for the construction of new elementary, middle and high schools. These opened in the fall of 2016.
Note: For Census-designated place in 1990
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,861 people, 1,831 households. The racial makeup of the town was 85.5% White, 5.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 6.3% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.
77.1% of households were married couples living together, and 9.6% were non-families. 8.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.25 and the average family size was 3.45.
In the town, the population was spread out with 41.9% under the age of 18, 1.8% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 5.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $102,982, and the median income for a family was $105,589. Males had a median income of $71,114 versus $36,190 for females. The per capita income for the town was $33,705. About 4.5% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
Education and schools
Nolensville area schools:
- Nolensville Elementary School
- Mill Creek Elementary School
- Sunset Elementary School
- Sunset Middle School
- Mill Creek Middle School
- Nolensville High School
Nolensville has a variety of different youth sports leagues. The ages range from 4-12 with sports for both boys & girls such as football (tackle and flag), basketball, softball, baseball, and soccer. Most sport fields are located along Mill Creek in proximity to town with the exception of soccer. The soccer club practices at Gregory Park in Nolensville (off Johnson Industrial Boulevard) but plays games at Osburn Park Soccer Complex which is located four miles south of Nolensville off Nolensville Road.
- Nolensville historical marker, image on Historical Markers Database website, accessed July 8, 2011
- "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. June 27, 2019. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "William Nolen, Nolensville Founder". The Tennessean. October 23, 1999. p. 54. Retrieved May 2, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kline, Mitchell (August 9, 2009). "Nolensville Mayor and Board of Aldermen: Snyder selected to fill empty seat on board". The Tennessean. p. W3 – via Newspapers.com.
- History, Town of Nolensville website, accessed July 8, 2011
- Kline, Mitchell (December 10, 2009). "Historic House Gets New Home". The Tennessean. W1. Retrieved May 2, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.CS1 maint: location (link)
- Home of the Brave
- Lynching in America/ Supplement: Lynchings by County Archived 2018-06-27 at the Wayback Machine, Equal Justice Initiative, 2015, p. 6
- "Mob Lynches Negro Boy Who Shot Grocer. Body of Masked Men Take Him From Hospital. Samuel Smith, 15, Left Hanging Near Home of Ike Eastwood, Whom He Wounded Friday Night". Nashville Tennessean. December 16, 1924. pp. 1, 5. Retrieved May 2, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "$5,000 Reward for Arrest of Mob Offered. Civic Clubs Denounce Lynching of Samuel Smith, Negro Who Shot Grocer. To Uphold Law. Ike Eastwood In Hospital Learns First of Lynching From Reporter". The Tennessean. December 17, 1924. pp. 1, 5 – via Newspapers.com.
- Deane, Natasha (June 5, 2017). "Memorial Marker for Lynching Victims". St Anselm Episcopal Church. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
- About Nolensville, Town of Nolensville website, accessed July 8, 2011
- "Tiny Nolensville Thinks Big", The City Paper (Nashville)
- "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "Quick Facts". Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "Nolensville, TN Population and Races - USA.com™". www.usa.com. Retrieved 2016-07-04.
- "Nolensville, TN Income and Careers - USA.com™". www.usa.com. Retrieved 2016-07-04.