Nolensville, Tennessee

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Nolensville, Tennessee
Town
Nolensville Town Hall in November 2013.
Nolensville Town Hall in November 2013.
Location of Nolensville in Williamson County, Tennessee.
Location of Nolensville in Williamson County, Tennessee.
Coordinates: 35°57′24″N 86°40′1″W / 35.95667°N 86.66694°W / 35.95667; -86.66694Coordinates: 35°57′24″N 86°40′1″W / 35.95667°N 86.66694°W / 35.95667; -86.66694
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Williamson
Settled 1797
Incorporated 1996[1]
Named for William Nolen (early settler)
Area
 • Total 9.5 sq mi (24.6 km2)
 • Land 9.5 sq mi (24.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 623 ft (190 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,861
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 7,580
 • Density 326.6/sq mi (126.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 37135
Area code(s) 615
FIPS code 47-53460[3]
GNIS feature ID 1295807[4]

Nolensville is a town in Williamson County, Tennessee. The population was 5,861 at the 2010 census. It was established in 1797 by William Nolen, a veteran of the American Revolutionary War. Located in Middle Tennessee, it is about 22 miles southeast of Nashville, Tennessee.

In 1924 it was the site of a mob lynching of Samuel Smith, an African-American youth arrested for shooting a white grocer. No one was ever convicted of his death. The town was re-incorporated in 1996.

Geography[edit]

Nolensville is located at 35°57′24″N 86°40′1″W / 35.95667°N 86.66694°W / 35.95667; -86.66694 (35.956786, -86.666967).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 9.5 square miles (25 km2), all land.

History[edit]

William Nolen, a veteran of the American Revolutionary War,[6] his wife, Sarah, and their five children were passing through the area in 1797 when their wagon wheel broke.[7] Forced to stop and survey his surroundings, Nolen noted the rich soil and abundance of natural resources. He decided to settle here and the community was later named for him as Nolensville.[8] William Nolen purchased a portion of a land grant to Jason Thompson, on which Nolensville later developed. Nolen's historic house was moved to a new location in 2009.[9]

In the early 19th century, a large migration from Rockingham, North Carolina, brought the Adams, Allen, Barnes, Cyrus, Fields, Glenn, Irion, Johnson, Peay, Scales, Taylor, Vernon, Wisener, Williams, and other families to the area. Built along Mill Creek, the town was incorporated in 1839.

Foraging and skirmishing took place here in the Civil War. Gen. John Wharton's Confederate cavalry unit was stationed in town briefly and Gen. Joseph Wheeler's command captured a Union supply train here on December 30, 1862. William A. Clark successfully defended a wagon train a year later in September 1863, earning the Medal of Honor for his actions.[10]

From the post-Reconstruction period into the early 20th century, whites lynched a total of five African Americans in Williamson County.[11] Among them was 15-year-old Samuel Smith, an African-American teenager who was lynched in Nolensville. He was arrested for shooting and wounding a white grocer.[12] After being taken from the hospital in Nashville, he was lynched a white mob near the grocer's house on Frank Hill Road: hanged from a tree and shot multiple times. No one was ever convicted for Smith's death. On June 5, 2017, a plaque was installed in his memory at St. Anselm Episcopal Church in Nashville, Tennessee; it memorialized two other lynching victims as well.[13]

Nolensville voted by referendum to re-incorporate in August 1996.[1] In October 1996 the first election was held, electing the first three-member Nolensville Board of Mayor and Aldermen. The first Mayor of Nolensville was Charles F. Knapper, elected along with Aldermen Thomas "Tommy" Dugger, III, and Parman Henry. Holding additional firsts was the hiring of the Town Attorney, Robert J. Notestine, III.

On both sides of Nolensville Road from north of Oldham Drive to the south as far as York/Williams Road are many structures from the 19th century still in use as homes and/or stores. Within this area is a historic area which in the 19th century was the center of Nolensville. Of note is the Waller Funeral Home, built in 1876, the Nolensville Mill Company, which operated from 1890 to 1986 (today housing a store with Amish goods), and the Nolensville Co-Op Creamery, which operated from 1921-1957. Now serving as an antique store, the Creamery had produced butter known for its excellence throughout the area. The house north of the cemetery today serves as a veterinary clinic. The Home Place Bed & Breakfast was built in 1820 as a private residence.[14]

Since 1996, Nolensville has had sustained growth. New home developments have sprung up around the city, including Bent Creek, Winterset Woods, Burkitt Place, Silver Stream, Ballenger Farms, Sunset Farms, Summerlyn and more. Nolensville has had 290 residential building permits since the 2010 census and touts the lowest property tax rates in Williamson County.[15] Other signs of growth are the new multi-million-dollar town hall, numerous business plazas, and new restaurants. Additionally the Williamson County School Board purchased 95 acres (38 ha) on the south side of Nolensville for new high, middle, and elementary schools, which opened in the fall of 2016.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880145
19901,570
20003,09997.4%
20105,86189.1%
Est. 20167,580[2]29.3%
Sources:[16][17]
Note: For Census-designated place in 1990

As of the census[18] of 2010, there were 5,861 people, 1,831 households. The racial makeup of the town is 85.5% White, 5.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 6.3% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.

77.1% of households are married couples living together, and 9.6% are non-families. 8.3% of all households are made up of individuals. The average household size is 3.25 and the average family size is 3.45.

In the town, the population is spread out with 41.9% under the age of 18, 1.8% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 5.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females, there are 93.5 males.[19]

The median income for a household in the town is $102,982, and the median income for a family is $105,589. Males have a median income of $71,114 versus $36,190 for females. The per capita income for the town is $33,705. About 4.5% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.[20]

Education and schools[edit]

Nolensville area schools:

Nolensville Elementary School Mill Creek Elementary School Sunset Elementary School Sunset Middle School Mill Creek Middle School Ravenwood High School (Through 2018) Nolensville High School

Recreation[edit]

Nolensville has a variety of different youth sports leagues. The ages range from 4-12 with sports for both boys & girls such as football (tackle and flag), basketball, softball, baseball, and soccer. Most sport fields are located along Mill Creek in proximity to town with the exception of soccer. The soccer club practices at Gregory Park in Nolensville (off Johnson Industrial Boulevard) but plays games at Osburn Park Soccer Complex which is located four miles south of Nolensville off Nolensville Road.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nolensville historical marker, image on Historical Markers Database website, accessed July 8, 2011
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "William Nolen, Nolensville Founder". The Tennessean. October 23, 1999. p. 54. Retrieved May 2, 2018 – via Newspapers.com. (Registration required (help)). 
  7. ^ Kline, Mitchell (August 9, 2009). "Nolensville Mayor and Board of Aldermen: Snyder selected to fill empty seat on board". The Tennessean. p. W3 – via Newspapers.com. (Registration required (help)). 
  8. ^ History, Town of Nolensville website, accessed July 8, 2011
  9. ^ Kline, Mitchell (December 10, 2009). "Historic House Gets New Home". The Tennessean. W1. Retrieved May 2, 2018 – via Newspapers.com. (Registration required (help)). 
  10. ^ "CLARK, WILLIAM A". Congressional Medal of Honor Society. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  11. ^ Lynching in America/ Supplement: Lynchings by County, Equal Justice Initiative, 2015, p. 6
  12. ^ "Mob Lynches Negro Boy Who Shot Grocer. Body of Masked Men Take Him From Hospital. Samuel Smith, 15, Left Hanging Near Home of Ike Eastwood, Whom He Wounded Friday Night". Nashville Tennesssean. December 16, 1924. pp. 1; 5. Retrieved May 2, 2018 – via Newspapers.com. (Registration required (help)). 
  13. ^ Deane, Natasha (June 5, 2017). "Memorial Marker for Lynching Victims". St Anselm Episcopal Church. Retrieved April 27, 2018. 
  14. ^ About Nolensville, Town of Nolensville website, accessed July 8, 2011
  15. ^ "Tiny Nolensville Thinks Big", The City Paper (Nashville)
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  17. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  18. ^ "Quick Facts". Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  19. ^ "Nolensville, TN Population and Races - USA.com™". www.usa.com. Retrieved 2016-07-04. 
  20. ^ "Nolensville, TN Income and Careers - USA.com™". www.usa.com. Retrieved 2016-07-04. 

External links[edit]