|Look up nomination in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
Nomination is part of the process of selecting a candidate for either election to an office, or the bestowing of an honor or award. A collection of nominees narrowed from the full list of candidates is a short list.
In the context of elections for public office, a candidate who has been selected by a political party is said to be the party's nominee. The selection is typically accomplished either based on one or more primary elections or by means of a political party convention or caucus, according to the rules of the party and any applicable election laws.
In some jurisdictions the nominee of a recognized political party is entitled to appear on the general election ballot paper. Candidates who are unaffiliated with any political party are typically required to submit a nominating petition in order to gain ballot access. In others all candidates have to meet nomination rules criteria to stand.
In parliamentary procedure, a nomination is basically a motion to fill a blank in a motion "that _____ be elected." Nominations are used to provide choices of candidates for election to office. After nominations have been made, the assembly proceeds to its method of voting used for electing officers.
Motions relating to nominations
|In order when another has the floor?||No|
|May be reconsidered?||Yes, except motion to close nominations or affirmative vote on motion to reopen nominations|
|Vote required||Majority vote, except motion to close nominations requires a two-thirds vote|
There are a number of motions relating to nominations. They include the motions to make, close, and reopen nominations, and motions to designate the method of making nominations.The motion to select a method of nominating is also treated as filling a blank, in which votes are taken on suggested methods of nomination in the following order:
Not all of these methods may be suitable for a particular organization.
Legitimate use of closing nominations
Normally, nominations are closed when no one else wants to make a nomination. This is done without a motion (using a form of unanimous consent). A motion to close nominations cannot be used to prevent a member from making a nomination. A legitimate use of a motion to close nominations is that some members are obviously delaying the election by nominating persons who have no chance of being elected. It takes a two-thirds vote to close nominations, but only a majority vote to reopen them.
A number of awards are given to the preferred candidate among those nominated. The rules for selecting people for nomination varies and depends on the award.
For some prizes, being nominated is considered an honour. In 2015 there are 273 candidates nominated for the Nobel peace prize, while 9000 are nominated for the more satirical Ig Nobel prizes every year.
|Wikidata has a property, P1411, for nominated for (see uses)|