Non-European Unity Movement
The Non-European Unity Movement (NEUM) is a Trotskyist organisation formed in South Africa in 1943. Its roots lay in the Workers Party of South Africa (WPSA), the first countrywide Trotskyist organisation, and was initially concieved as a broad protest front. It proposed a 10 Point Programme of radical reforms.  It stressed non-racialism, meaning that it rejected race-based organising (and the concept of race itself), unlike the main nationalist groups of the time, was highly critical of the South African Communist Party and the African National Congress, and made a principle of non-collaboration with the apartheid regime and its allies 
The movement developed a substantial influence in the Cape Province, including Pondoland, and had some role in the 1950-1961 Pondoland peasant revolt, but split in 1957. The faction around I.B. Tabata formed a new African Peoples' Democratic Union of Southern Africa (APDUSA) in 1961, and the Unity Movement of South Africa (UMSA) in exile in 1964, and engaged in armed struggle.  The tradition's influence was wider than its membership: for example, notable Marxist Neville Alexander, who helped found the Yu Chi Chan Club (YCCC) in 1961, and the National Liberation Front (NLF) in 1962, came from a NEUM / APUDSA background. Until the 1970s, the Unity Movement tradition was arguaby the largest Trotskyist current in southern Africa.
All of its sectors suffered heavily from 1960s apartheid repression, some ending up on Robben Island. However, the current survived, launching the New Unity Movement in 1985, with APDUSA and NEUM backing. APDUSA remains active today  and publishes the APUDUSAN Newsletter,  following in the steps pf APDUSA Views from the 1980s, and Unity from the 1960s.
- Baruch Hirson. "A Short history of the Non-European Unity – An insider's view". South African History Online. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- The ANC Transformed, by Merica Andrews, Amandla Magazine, April 2012[dead link]
- 'Robin Kayser & Mohamed Adhikari, 2004, "Peasant and Proletarian: A History of the African Peoples' Democratic Union of Southern Africa," Kleio, volume 36, number 1, pp. 5-27
- "APDUSA: The African Peoples' Democratic Union of Southern Africa". APUDUSA. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- "APUDUSAN Newsletter". APUDUSA. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- "APUDUSA Views". Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- APDUSA website and archive 
- APDUSA/ NEUM online repository 
- Baruch Hirson, A Short history of the Non-European Unity – An insider's view, SA History Online
- Merica Andrews, The ANC Transformed, Amandla Magazine, April 2012
- Neville Alexander writings (incomplete ) 
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