Non-Inscrits

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Non-Inscrits (abbreviated NI; English: Non-Attached Members, abbreviated NA[1]) are Members of the European Parliament (MEP) who do not sit in one of the recognised political groups.

These MEPs may be members of a national party, or of a European political party, but for a political grouping to be formed in the European Parliament there need to be 25 MEPs from seven different states. Being part of a group grants access to state funds and committee seats, but the group members must be ideologically tied. Groups of convenience, such as the Technical Group of Independents, previously existed, but are no longer allowed, and the minimum requirements for group formation have been raised, forcing less numerous elements to sit as NIs.[clarification needed]

Political ideologies displayed by the Non-Inscrits range from communism and social liberalism to populism, conservatism, national conservatism, nationalism and neo-nazism. As of 2015 however, the Non-Inscrits mostly consist of far-right parties.[2]

In the 6th European Parliament 23 right-wing NIs briefly formed the Identity, Tradition, Sovereignty group at the start of 2007, but it collapsed on 14 November 2007 due to internal disagreements.[citation needed]

Current Term Non-Inscrits (2014–2019)[edit]

Source: [1]

The number of Non-Inscrits rose temporarily from 48 at the beginning of the term to 100 between 16 and 20 October 2014 when the EFDD group dissolved following the departure of Latvian MEP Iveta Grigule. The EFDD group was restored when Robert Iwaszkiewicz (KNP, Poland) decided to join it.

On 15 June 2015, 35 Non-Inscrits MEPs and a former EFDD member (Janice Atkinson, excluded from UKIP) formed a new group, named "Europe of Nations and Freedom", around Marine Le Pen (FN) and Marcel de Graaff (PVV); later joined on 24 June 2015 by Aymeric Chauprade. On 22 July 2015, Juan Fernando López Aguilar reintegrated S&D. The number of Non-Inscrits then fell to 14.

Current members[edit]

Country # National Party MEP EU party
 France 2 National Front (FN)
Front National
Gollnisch, BrunoBruno Gollnisch EAF / MENL
Le Pen, Jean-MarieJean-Marie Le Pen
 Germany 1 Die PARTEI Sonneborn, MartinMartin Sonneborn None
1 National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD)
Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands
Voigt, UdoUdo Voigt APF
 Greece 3 Golden Dawn
Χρυσή Αυγή, Chrysí Avgí
EpitidiosGeorgios Epitidios (fr)
FoundoulisLambros Foundoulis (fr)
SynadinosEleftherios Synadinos
2 Communist Party of Greece (KKE)
Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας
Kommounistikó Kómma Elládas
Papadakis, KonstantinosKonstantinos Papadakis INITIATIVE
ZarianopoulosSotirios Zarianopoulos
 Hungary 3 Jobbik
Jobbik Magyarországért Mozgalom
Balczó, ZoltánZoltán Balczó AENM
Kovács, BélaBéla Kovács
Morvai, KrisztinaKrisztina Morvai
 Poland 1 Coalition for the Renewal of the Republic - Freedom and Hope (KORWiN)
Koalicja Odnowy Rzeczypospolitej Wolność i Nadzieja
Korwin-Mikke, JanuszJanusz Korwin-Mikke
(left KNP and founded own party KORWiN in March 2015)
None
 United Kingdom 1 Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) Dodds, DianeDiane Dodds None

Previous members[edit]

Country # National Party MEP EU party
 Austria 4 Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ)
Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs
KappelBarbara Kappel (de) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF) EAF / MENL
Mayer, GeorgGeorg Mayer (de) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
Obermayr, FranzFranz Obermayr (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
VilimskyHarald Vilimsky (de) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
 Belgium 1 Flemish Interest (VB)
Vlaams Belang
Annemans, GerolfGerolf Annemans (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
 France 19 National Front (FN)
Front National
Aliot, LouisLouis Aliot (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
Arnautu, Marie-ChristineMarie-Christine Arnautu (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
Bay, NicolasNicolas Bay (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
BildeDominique Bilde (fr) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
BoutonnetMarie-Christine Boutonnet (fr) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
BrioisSteeve Briois (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
ChaupradeAymeric Chauprade (until 23 June 2015, then joined ENF)
d'OrnanoMireille d'Ornano (fr) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
Ferrand, ÉdouardÉdouard Ferrand (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
GoddynSylvie Goddyn (fr) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
JalkhJean-François Jalkh (fr) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
Le Pen, MarineMarine Le Pen (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
Loiseau, PhilippePhilippe Loiseau (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF.
Was replacing Jeanne Pothain (pl), who resigned before sitting)
[3][4]
Martin, DominiqueDominique Martin (fr) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
MelinJoëlle Mélin (fr) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
MonotBernard Monot (fr) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
Montel, SophieSophie Montel (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
Philippot, FlorianFlorian Philippot (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
TroszczynskiMylène Troszczynski (fr) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
2 Rassemblement bleu Marine (RBM)
Front National
LebretonGilles Lebreton (fr) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
SchaffauserJean-Luc Schaffhauser (fr) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
 Italy 5 Northern League (LN)
Lega Nord
Bizzotto, MaraMara Bizzotto (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
Borghezio, MarioMario Borghezio (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
BuonannoGianluca Buonanno (it) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
Fontana, LorenzoLorenzo Fontana (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF.
Replaced on 11 July 2014 Flavio Tosi, who resigned to remain mayor of Verona)
Salvini, MatteoMatteo Salvini (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
 Latvia 1 Latvian Farmers' Union (ZZS)
Zaļo un Zemnieku savienība
Grigule, IvetaIveta Grigule (from 16 October 2014 to 27 April 2015) None
 Netherlands 4 Party for Freedom (PVV)
Partij voor de Vrijheid
de Graaff, MarcelMarcel de Graaff (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF) EAF
Empty
(Hans Jansen died on 5 May 2015.
He was replacing Geert Wilders, elected but who did not sit.
Auke Zijlstra, next on the list, has not taken his seat as of 19 June 2015[5])
MaeijerVicky Maeijer (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
Stuger, OlafOlaf Stuger (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
 Poland 3 Congress of the New Right (KNP)
Kongres Nowej Prawicy
Iwaszkiewicz, RobertRobert Iwaszkiewicz (until 20 October 2014, before joining EFDD) None
MarusikMichał Marusik (pl) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
ZoltekStanisław Żółtek (pl) (until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF)
 Spain 1 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Partido Socialista Obrero Español
López Aguilar, Juan FernandoJuan Fernando López Aguilar
(suspended from S&D from 15 April to 21 July 2015 following allegations of domestic violence[6][7])
PES

Historic Non-Inscrits[edit]

Non-Inscrits 2009–2014[edit]

Country # National Party[8] MEP EU party
 Austria 1 Hans-Peter Martin's List Martin, Hans-PeterHans-Peter Martin None
2 formerly Hans-Peter Martin's List Ehrenhauser, MartinMartin Ehrenhauser None
Werthmann, AngelikaAngelika Werthmann None
2 Freedom Party MolzerAndreas Mölzer None
Obermayr, FranzFranz Obermayr None
1 Alliance for the Future of Austria (formerly Freedom Party) Stadler, EwaldEwald Stadler None
 Belgium 1 Flemish Interest Claeys, PhilipPhilip Claeys None
 Bulgaria 2 Attack Stoyanov, DimitarDimitar Stoyanov None
Binev, SlavchoSlavcho Binev
(joined EFD in 2012, while leaving Attack and founding PROUD)
 France 3 Front National Gollnisch, BrunoBruno Gollnisch AENM
Le Pen, Jean-MarieJean-Marie Le Pen None
Le Pen, MarineMarine Le Pen None
 Hungary 3 Jobbik Kovács, BélaBéla Kovács None
Morvai, KrisztinaKrisztina Morvai None
Szegedi, CsanádCsanád Szegedi None
 Italy 1 Northern League Borghezio, MarioMario Borghezio MELD?
 Ireland 1 formerly Labour Childers, NessaNessa Childers None
 Netherlands 3 Party for Freedom Hartong, LucasLucas Hartong None
Zijlstra, AukeAuke Zijlstra None
van der Kammen, PatriciaPatricia van der Kammen None
1 Article 50 (formerly Party for Freedom) van der Stoep, DaniëlDaniël van der Stoep None
1 (formerly Party for Freedom) Stassen, LaurenceLaurence Stassen None
 Romania 2 Greater Romania Party TanasescuClaudiu Ciprian Tănăsescu (fr) None
Tudor, Corneliu VadimCorneliu Vadim Tudor None
1 New Generation Party – Christian Democratic Becali, GeorgeGeorge Becali None
 Spain 1 Union, Progress and Democracy Sosa Wagner, FranciscoFrancisco Sosa Wagner None
 United Kingdom 2 British National Party Griffin, NickNick Griffin AENM
British National Party (until 17 October 2010)
British Democratic Party (from 9 February 2013)[9]
Brons, AndrewAndrew Brons None
1 Democratic Unionist Party Dodds, DianeDiane Dodds
3 UK Independence Party (UKIP) Colman, TrevorTrevor Colman
(left EFD on 25 March 2011)[10]
UK Independence Party (before 4 November 2013)
An Independence Party (2013-14)
An Independence from Europe (from 25 March 2014)
Nattrass, MikeMike Nattrass
(left EFD on 23 June 2010, rejoined EFD on 11 December 2012, left EFD again on 9 September 2013)[11]
UK Independence Party (before 16 February 2011)
United Kingdom Independent (2011-12)
We Demand a Referendum (from 13 September 2012)
Sinclaire, NikkiNikki Sinclaire
(left EFD on 18 January 2010)[12]

Non-Inscrits 2004–2009[edit]

Country # National Party MEP EU party
 Austria 2 1 Hans-Peter Martin's List (Liste Dr. Hans-Peter Martin) Hans-Peter Martin None
1 Freedom Party Andreas Mölzer None
 Belgium 3 Flemish Interest Philip Claeys None
Koenraad Dillen None
Frank Vanhecke None
 Bulgaria 3 National Union Attack
Dimitar Stoyanov None
Slavcho Binev None
Desislav Chukolov None
 Czech Republic 1 Independent Democrats (Nezávislí demokraté) Jana Bobošíková None
 France 7 National Front Bruno Gollnisch Euronat
Carl Lang Euronat
Jean-Marie Le Pen Euronat
Marine Le Pen Euronat
Fernand Le Rachinel Euronat
Jean-Claude Martinez Euronat
Lydia Schenardi Euronat
 Italy 3 1 Olive Tree (Uniti nell'Ulivo) Gianni Rivera None
1 Social Alternative Roberto Fiore None
1 Tricolour Flame Luca Romagnoli Euronat
 Poland 2 League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin) Sylwester Chruszcz None
Maciej Giertych None
 Slovakia 3 People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
(Ľudová strana – Hnutie za demokratické Slovensko)
Peter Baco None
Irena Belohorská None
Sergej Kozlík None
 United Kingdom 4 1 Traditional Unionist Voice Jim Allister ADIE
1 formerly UKIP Ashley Mote None
1 formerly UKIP Robert Kilroy-Silk None
1 formerly UKIP Tom Wise None

Non-Inscrits 1999–2004[edit]

Country # National Party MEP EU party
 Austria 5 Freedom Party Gerhard Hager None
Wolfgang Ilgenfritz None
Hans Kronberger None
Daniela Raschhofer None
Peter Sichrovsky None
 Belgium 2 Vlaams Blok Philip Claeys None
Koenraad Dillen None
 Belgium 1 Independent Ward Beysen[13] None
 Denmark 3 June Movement Bent Andersen None
Jens-Peter Bonde None
Ulla Sandbæk None
 France 5 National Front Charles de Gaulle Euronat
Bruno Gollnisch Euronat
Carl Lang Euronat
Jean-Claude Martinez Euronat
Marie-France Stirbois Euronat
 France 5 Individual members of Rally for France Elizabeth Montfort[14]
Thierry de la Perriere[15]
Dominique Souchet[15]
Nicole Thomas-Mauro[15]
Alexandre Varaut[15]
 Italy 7 Italian Radicals Emma Bonino ELDR
Marco Cappato ELDR
Gianfranco Dell'alba ELDR
Benedetto Della Vedova ELDR
Olivier Dupuis ELDR
Marco Pannella ELDR
Maurizio Turco ELDR
 Italy 4 Lega Nord Mario Borghezio None
Marco Formentini[16] None
Gian Paolo Gobbo None
Francesco Speroni None
 Italy 1 Tricolour Flame Roberto Felix Billard[17] None
 Spain 1 Batasuna Koldo Gorostiaga Atxalandabaso None
 United Kingdom 1 Democratic Unionist Party Ian Paisley None

Non-Inscrits 1994–1999[edit]

Non-Inscrits 1989–1994[edit]

Non-Inscrits 1984–1989[edit]

Non-Inscrits 1979–1984[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ the English name is also official, but the French name is prevalent even in English texts
  2. ^ http://www.newstatesman.com/uk-politics/2009/07/party-griffin-bnp-european
  3. ^ "Minutes of the sitting of Thursday 3 July 2014". European Parliament. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "L'Orléanaise Jeanne Pothain (FN) démissionne de son mandat de députée européenne" [Orleans' Jeanne Pothain (FN) resigns her MEP seat]. La République du Centre (fr) (in French). 26 June 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "PVV'er Hans Jansen wist dat hij voor niets in het Europees Parlement zat". tpo.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2015-06-17. 
  6. ^ Luis Ángel Sanz (4 April 2015). "El PSOE expulsa temporalmente a López Aguilar del Grupo Socialista en Bruselas". El Mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2015-06-11. 
  7. ^ E. García de Blas & R. Rincón (7 April 2015). "El PSOE aparta a López Aguilar tras una denuncia de maltrato". El País (in Spanish). 
  8. ^ "Non-Inscrits". europarl.europa.eu. European Parliament. Archived from the original on 2013-01-31. Retrieved 2013-01-19. 
  9. ^ Personal profile of Andrew Brons in the European Parliament's database of members
  10. ^ Personal profile of Trevor Colman in the European Parliament's database of members
  11. ^ Personal profile of Mike Nattrass in the European Parliament's database of members
  12. ^ Personal profile of Nicole Sinclaire in the European Parliament's database of members
  13. ^ Left the Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats in 2003.
  14. ^ Member of Union for Europe of the Nations until 2001, Non-Inscrit from 2001 to 2003, and member of European People's Party (European Parliament group) from 2003.
  15. ^ a b c d Member of Union for Europe of the Nations until 2001.
  16. ^ Joined the Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe on 5.10.1999.
  17. ^ Joined the Union for Europe of the Nations in 2001.

External links[edit]

  • "Non-Inscrits". europarl.europa.eu. European Parliament. Retrieved 2015-06-16.