Non-affiliated members of the House of Lords
Members of the House of Lords are said to be non-affiliated if they do not belong to any parliamentary group. That is, they do not take a political party's whip, nor affiliate to the crossbench group, nor the Lords Spiritual (bishops). Formerly the Lords of Appeal in Ordinary were also a separate affiliation, but their successors the Justices of the Supreme Court are now disqualified from the Lords while in office and are described as "Ineligible" rather than "Non-affiliated".
Most non-party Lords Temporal are crossbenchers. Members with senior official roles are counted as non-affiliated while they hold this role to preserve their neutrality; they may (re-)affiliate to a group at the end of their term of office. The Lord Great Chamberlain and Earl Marshal are not currently listed, as they are on leave of absence. Some members become non-affiliated after resigning or being expelled from a party, either through a political disagreement or after a scandal such as the 2009 parliamentary expenses scandal. Others have had no party allegiance and choose this designation rather than joining the crossbench.
List of Non-affiliated Members
|Member||Previous affiliation||Reason for change|
|Lord Ahmed||Labour||Resigned following allegation of antisemitism|
|Lord Archer of Weston-Super-Mare||Conservative||Expelled following imprisonment for perjury|
|Baroness Ashton of Upholland||Labour|
|Lord Bhatia||Crossbench||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal|
|Baron Black of Crossharbour||Conservative||Unaffiliated following conviction in the U.S. of one count of mail fraud and one count of obstruction of justice, for which he served 37 months in prison.|
|Lord Boswell of Aynho||Conservative||Principal Deputy Chairman of Committees (2012–present)|
|Lord Carlile of Berriew||Liberal Democrat||Resigned over disagreement with party over surveillance policy|
|Lord Carter of Barnes||Labour|
|Baroness Cavendish of Little Venice||Conservative|
|Marquess of Cholmondeley||Crossbench||Lord Great Chamberlain|
|Lord Davies of Abersoch||Labour|
|Lord Elis-Thomas||Plaid Cymru|
|Lord Fowler||Conservative||Lord Speaker (2016–present)|
|Lord Hanningfield||Conservative||Briefly suspended from the House following criminal conviction for false accounting.|
|Lord Kalms||Conservative||Expelled after supporting UKIP in 2009 European elections|
|Lord Laird||Ulster Unionist||Resigned following allegations of lobbying activities in breach of parliamentary rules.|
|Lord Loomba||Liberal Democrat|
|Lord McFall of Alcluith||Labour||Senior Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords (2016–present)|
|Lord Mackenzie of Framwellgate||Labour||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with lobbying scandal|
|Duke of Norfolk||Crossbench||Earl Marshal|
|Lord Oakeshott of Seagrove Bay||Liberal Democrat||Following leave of absence in connection with a dispute regarding Nick Clegg's role as party leader|
|Lord O'Neill of Gatley||Conservative|
|Lord Paul||Labour||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal|
|Lord Smith of Finsbury||Labour||Chair, Environment Agency (2008–2014)|
|Lord Sugar||Labour||Resigned over party's attitude to business|
|Lord Taylor of Warwick||Conservative||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal and imprisonment for false accounting|
|Baroness Tonge||Liberal Democrat||Resigned the whip in 2012 after Israeli Apartheid Week comments|
|Baroness Uddin||Labour||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal|
List of Independent Members
|Lord Maginnis of Drumglass||Independent Ulster Unionist||Resigned whip following homophobic remarks|
|Lord Owen||Independent Social Democrat||Left Crossbenches following donation to Labour|
|Lord Stoddart of Swindon||Independent Labour||Expelled after supporting Socialist Alliance candidate in the 2001 general election|
|Lord Truscott||Independent Labour||Resigned following "cash for influence" allegations of 2009|
- "Ineligible members of the House of Lords". UK Parliament.
- "Lords by party and type of peerage". UK Parliament.
- "The party system". UK Parliament.
MPs and Members of the Lords do not have to belong to a political party. Instead, MPs can sit as Independents and Lords can sit as Crossbenchers or Independents.
- "Members of the House of Lords". UK Parliament.
- Lord Carlile quits as Lib Dem peer over security policy differences, bbc.co.uk, 13 January 2017; accessed 13 January 2017.
- Lord Sugar: 'Disillusioned' peer quits Labour Party, bbc.co.uk, 11 May 2015; accessed 11 May 2015.
- ""Party distances itself from Maginnis gay marriage remarks"". BBC News. 13 June 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
- Eaton, George (2 March 2014). "David Owen joins Miliband's big tent with donation to Labour of more than £7,500". New Statesman. Retrieved 30 December 2016.