Non-circulating legal tender
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Non-circulating legal tender (NCLT) refers to coins that are theoretically legal tender and could circulate but do not because their issue price, and/or their melt value at the time of issue is significantly above the arbitrary legal tender value placed thereon. They are sold to collectors and investors with no intention that they be used as money. Notable examples would include commemoratives, proofs, bullion coins, presentation sets, patterns and the like.
Some coins intended as NCLT have historically circulated, such as the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition Half Dollars, which was a commemorative, and the 1856 Flying Eagle cent, which was a pattern.
Private issues are not NCLT because they are not legal tender and are properly viewed as medals.
- Walter Breen's Complete Encyclopedia of Coins Pp 704, 382
- Walter Breen's Complete Encyclopedia of Coins P 582
- Walter Breen's Complete Encyclopedia of Coins Pp 214-215