Non-exact solutions in general relativity

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Non-exact solutions in general relativity are solutions of Albert Einstein's field equations of general relativity which hold only approximately. These solutions are typically found by treating the gravitational field, , as a background space-time, , (which is usually an exact solution) plus some small perturbation, . Then one is able to solve the Einstein field equations as a series in , dropping higher order terms for simplicity.

A common example of this method results in the linearised Einstein field equations. In this case we expand the full space-time metric about the flat Minkowski metric, :


and dropping all terms which are of second or higher order in .[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sean M. Carroll (2004). Spacetime and Geometry: An Introduction to General Relativity. Addison-Wesley Longman, Incorporated. pp. 274–279. ISBN 978-0-8053-8732-2.