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Skeletal formula of nonane
Skeletal formula of nonane with all implicit carbons shown, and all explicit hydrogens added
Ball-and-stick model of the nonane molecule
IUPAC name
111-84-2 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:32892 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL335900 YesY
ChemSpider 7849 YesY
EC Number 203-913-4
Jmol interactive 3D Image
MeSH nonane
PubChem 8141
RTECS number RA6115000
UN number 1920
Molar mass 128.26 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor Gasoline-like
Density 718 mg mL−1
Melting point −54.1 to −53.1 °C; −65.5 to −63.7 °F; 219.0 to 220.0 K
Boiling point 150.4 to 151.0 °C; 302.6 to 303.7 °F; 423.5 to 424.1 K
log P 5.293
Vapor pressure 0.59 kPa (at 25.0 °C)
1.7 nmol Pa−1 kg−1
284.34 J K−1 mol−1
393.67 J K−1 mol−1
−275.7–−273.7 kJ mol−1
−6125.75–−6124.67 kJ mol−1
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The exclamation-mark pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
H226, H304, H315, H319, H332, H336
P261, P301+310, P305+351+338, P331
Harmful Xn
R-phrases R10, R20, R53, R65, R67
NFPA 704
Flammability code 3: Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions. Flash point between 23 and 38 °C (73 and 100 °F). E.g., gasoline) Health code 0: Exposure under fire conditions would offer no hazard beyond that of ordinary combustible material. E.g., sodium chloride Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 31.0 °C (87.8 °F; 304.1 K)
205.0 °C (401.0 °F; 478.1 K)
Explosive limits 0.87–2.9%
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
TWA 200 ppm (1050 mg/m3)[2]
Related compounds
Related alkanes
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Nonane is a linear alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C9H20. It is a colourless liquid, and highly flammable hence mainly used as a component of the fuel source kerosene.[4] Other applications include its uses as a solvent, distillation chaser, fuel additive, and biodegradable detergents.[5]

Nonane has 35 structural isomers.

Its substituent form is nonyl. Its cycloalkane counterpart is cyclononane, (C9H18).

Unlike most alkanes, the numeric prefix in its name is from Latin, not Greek. (A name using a Greek prefix would be enneane.)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "nonane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0466". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). 
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Petroleum - Chemistry Encyclopedia - reaction, water, uses, elements, examples, gas, number, name". Retrieved 2016-01-28. 
  5. ^ Health Council of the Netherlands: Committee on Updating of Occupational Exposure Limits. Nonane; Health-based Reassessment of Administrative Occupational Exposure Limits. The Hague: Health Council of the Netherlands, 2005; 2000/15OSH/155.

External links[edit]