|• Revised Romanization||Nonsan-si|
Location in South Korea
|Administrative divisions||2 eup, 11 myeon, and 2 dong|
|• Mayor||Hwang Myeong Seon|
|• Total||554.82 km2 (214.22 sq mi)|
|• Density||246/km2 (640/sq mi)|
Nonsan (Korean pronunciation: [non.san]) is a city in South Chungcheong Province, South Korea. It is located at . Nonsan is also called Nolmoi, meaning dusk(y) or yellow mountain. The origin of Nonsan's geographical names is said to have come from the small garden " Nonmoi, " which rises in the middle of farming fields, where rice paddies and mountain are said to reflect geographical features.
Nonsan has a significant history. During the Samhan period, Nonsan is believed to have been part of Mahan territory. In the Baekje period, the district belonged to Hwangdeungyasan-gun. The crucial battle in which Silla defeated Baekje is thought to have taken place in the general area of Nonsan. Later, in the Silla period, Nonsan was divided into two different towns: Deogeun and Hwangsan.
The train station was built in 1911, in the same year as the rail line through the Nonsan plain was completed.
During the Korean War, a POW camp was set up by the U.S. and South Korean forces. On June 18, 1953, at the Nonsan camp as well as at POW camps at Busan, Masan, and Kwangju, thousands of POWs swarmed out of the camps and melted into the local population in order to avoid being repatriated to North Korea.
Nonsan is served by the national railroad system and city, regional and national bus lines. An expressway connects the city to Daejeon and other cities. Many streets have bike paths, sharing pavement with sidewalks. The stream running through the city proper is not navigable, but downstream it joins the Geum River, and an outlying subdivision of the city serves as a significant fishing port.
Economics and industry
Nonsan is an agricultural city, with rice being the most important crop. Other important crops include strawberries, ginseng, napa cabbage, watermelons, and Korean pears. According to The Chosun Ilbo, the farmers are growing new varieties of strawberry produced in Japan without the producer's permission, while the JoongAng Daily says "Strawberries grown in Nonsan are of various types: seolhyang, maehyang, geumhyang, janghi (akihime) and yukbo (red pearl). The first three were developed in Nonsan while the latter two are from Japan. Janghi is the most commonly grown in Korea. However, seolhyang is the sweetest". Sesil [pronounced "say -shill"] company is the world's third leading producer of insects for natural pest control. The prominent yogurt company, Yakult, has its headquarters in Nonsan. Agro-Fisheries Trade Corp. is a regional supplier of food products.
- Konyang University, founded 1991, has its main campus in Nonsan. It has a university hospital with educational programs for medical technicians, nurses and doctors in Daejeon
- Geumgang University, founded 2004, is a Buddhist university in rural Nonsan, near Gyeryongsan.
- Korea Bio Polytechnic is a two-year college run by the Department of Labor.
- Korea National Defense University moved its campus from Seoul to Nonsan in 2017.
Nonsan has a number of high schools, including a girls' high school, a technical high school, and two private schools which attract students from across the province and beyond.
Mireuk-bosal at Gwanchok Temple in Nonsan City, South Chungcheong Province, South Korea
The city has a concert hall, where various cultural activities such as concerts and lectures are held. Konyang University's auditorium also hosts free cultural activities for the community.
Twin towns – sister cities
- Rhee In-je, three-time South Korean presidential candidate
- Chun Sung-gwan, Head of the Seoul Central District Prosecutor's Office (2009)
- Yeom Hong-chul, Mayor of Daejeon
- Go Soo, film and television actor
- Park Beom-shin, writer
- Rhee Joohyeong, painter
- 논산 100주년. 2014. Archived from the original on 2018-04-09. Retrieved 2018-04-09.
- 눈산의 어제이야기, Nonsan Moon-hoa ueon: Nonsan Naedong, 2007.
- Grager, Edwin H. (1994). Landownership under Colonial Rule: Korea's Japanese Experience, 1900-1935. University of Hawaii Press. p. 195. ISBN 9780824814977. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
- Lee, Bong (2003). The Unfinished War: Korea. new York: Algora. p. 222. ISBN 9780875862323. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
- "Grocery prices carousel never stops spinning". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
- "Archived copy" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2006-10-10. Retrieved 2006-09-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Limb Jae-un "Let Me Take You down to Nonsan," February 16, 2007
- "Korean National Defense University relocation done: ministry". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
- 쌘뽈여자고등학교 홈페이지. sp.cnems.kr.
- 박상현 (2018-02-13). 1천년 전 제작된 국내 최대 석불 '은진미륵' 국보 된다. 연합뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-04-16.
- 백제 군사 박물관. Government of Nonsan.
- Nonsan Strawberry Festival (논산 딸기축제) - Official Korea Tourism Organization. english.visitkorea.or.kr.
- http://ggfestival.co.kr Archived 2013-05-23 at the Wayback Machine
- 디지털논산문화대전에 오신 것을 환영합니다.. nonsan.grandculture.net.
- http://tour.nonsan.go.kr Archived 2013-08-23 at the Wayback Machine
- "Nonsan". Retrieved 2014-12-02.
-  Archived June 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- KT&G 상상마당. Sangsangmadang.com. Archived from the original on 2011-09-03. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
- "S. Korea pushes to register Confucian academies on UNESCO heritage list - YONHAP NEWS". english.yonhapnews.co.kr.
- "About Nonsan -> Friendship Cities". nonsan.go.kr. Nonsan. Retrieved 2020-04-13.
- (in Korean) "Can Minor Candidates Become Major Leaguers," Korea Times online November 21, 2007: https://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2007/11/113_14066.html Archived February 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- "UDP decides to leave Rhee on the outside". Korea JoongAng Daily.
- JoongAng Daily online, 22 June 2009 http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2906411
- "Profiles of Winners". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2010-06-02. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
- Official government website[permanent dead link]
- Government site for foreigners: http://english.nonsan.go.kr/nsforeign/user.tdf?a=user.index.IndexApp&c=6002