Nonsan

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Nonsan

논산시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised RomanizationNonsan-si
 • McCune-ReischauerNonsan-si
Official logo of Nonsan
Emblem of Nonsan
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 36°12′N 127°5′E / 36.200°N 127.083°E / 36.200; 127.083Coordinates: 36°12′N 127°5′E / 36.200°N 127.083°E / 36.200; 127.083
Country South Korea
RegionHoseo
Administrative divisions2 eup, 11 myeon, and 2 dong
Government
 • MayorHwang Myeong Seon
Area
 • Total554.82 km2 (214.22 sq mi)
Population
(2003)
 • Total136,356
 • Density246/km2 (640/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Chungcheong
Banya-San Park.

Nonsan (Korean pronunciation: [non.san]) is a city in South Chungcheong Province, South Korea. It is located at 36°12′N 127°5′E / 36.200°N 127.083°E / 36.200; 127.083. Nonsan is also called Nolmoi, meaning dusk(y) or yellow mountain. The origin of Nonsan's geographical names is said to have come from the small garden " Nonmoi, " which rises in the middle of farming fields, where rice paddies and mountain are said to reflect geographical features.[1]

History[edit]

Nonsan has a significant history.[2] During the Samhan period, Nonsan is believed to have been part of Mahan territory. In the Baekje period, the district belonged to Hwangdeungyasan-gun. The crucial battle in which Silla defeated Baekje is thought to have taken place in the general area of Nonsan. Later, in the Silla period, Nonsan was divided into two different towns: Deogeun and Hwangsan.

The train station was built in 1911, in the same year as the rail line through the Nonsan plain was completed.[3]

The modern city of Nonsan was established in 1914, by the merger of the four counties of Yeonsan-gun, Eunjin-gun, Noseong-gun and Seoksung-gun.

During the Korean War, a POW camp was set up by the U.S. and South Korean forces. On June 18, 1953, at the Nonsan camp as well as at POW camps at Busan, Masan, and Kwangju, thousands of POWs swarmed out of the camps and melted into the local population in order to avoid being repatriated to North Korea.[4]

Transportation[edit]

Nonsan is served by the national railroad system and city, regional and national bus lines. An expressway connects the city to Daejeon and other cities. Many streets have bike paths, sharing pavement with sidewalks. The stream running through the city proper is not navigable, but downstream it joins the Geum River, and an outlying subdivision of the city serves as a significant fishing port.

Economics and industry[edit]

Nonsan is an agricultural city, with rice being the most important crop. Other important crops include strawberries, ginseng, napa cabbage,[5] watermelons, and Korean pears. According to The Chosun Ilbo,[6] the farmers are growing new varieties of strawberry produced in Japan without the producer's permission, while the JoongAng Daily says "Strawberries grown in Nonsan are of various types: seolhyang, maehyang, geumhyang, janghi (akihime) and yukbo (red pearl). The first three were developed in Nonsan while the latter two are from Japan. Janghi is the most commonly grown in Korea. However, seolhyang is the sweetest".[7] Sesil [pronounced "say -shill"] company is the world's third leading producer of insects for natural pest control. The prominent yogurt company, Yakult, has its headquarters in Nonsan. Agro-Fisheries Trade Corp. is a regional supplier of food products.[5]

The greater Nonsan area includes the ROK Army training center (36°07′32″N 127°06′24″E / 36.125483°N 127.106697°E / 36.125483; 127.106697 (Nonsan Korean Army Training Center (논산육군훈련소))).

Education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Secondary education[edit]

Nonsan has a number of high schools, including a girls' high school, a technical high school, and two private schools which attract students from across the province and beyond.[9]

Tourism[edit]

Mireuk-bosal

Local attractions include the Eunjin Mireuk, a large standing Buddhist sculpture of the Goryeo period and its accompanying temple, Gwanchoksa,[10] as well as the Baekje Military Museum.[11]

Mireuk-bosal at Gwanchok Temple in Nonsan City, South Chungcheong Province, South Korea

The spring Strawberry Festival [12] is popular tourist event as is the Ganggyoung autumn fermented seafood festival.[13]

The eight famous spots in Nonsan include Gwanchoksa, the historic sites of General Gyebaek, Tapjeong Reservoir, Ssanggyesa (Temple), and Noseong Sanseong (Fortress).[14][15][16]

Other[edit]

The city has a concert hall, where various cultural activities such as concerts and lectures are held. Konyang University's auditorium also hosts free cultural activities for the community.

In June 2011, the multipurpose culture hall Sangsang Madang was completed. It is dedicated to "indie art".[17][18]

Donam Academy, one of the nine neo-Confucian seowon established in Korea during the Choseon dynasty, is in greater Nonsan. It was made a UNESCO provisional world heritage site in December 2011.[19]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Nonsan City has jurisdiction over 2 eup, 11 myeon, and 2 dong.

Name Hangul Hanja
Ganggeyong-eup 강경읍 江景邑
Yeonmu-eup 연무읍 鍊武邑
Seongdong-myeon 성동면 城東面
Gwangseok-myeon 광석면 光石面
Noseong-myeon 노성면 魯城面
Sangwol-myeon 상월면 上月面
Bujeok-myeon 부적면 夫赤面
Yeonsan-myeon 연산면 連山面
Beolgok-myeon 벌곡면 伐谷面
Yangcheon-myeon 양촌면 陽村面
Gayagok-myeon 가야곡면 可也谷面
Eunjin-myeon 은진면 恩津面
Chae-un-myeon 채운면 彩雲面
Chwiam-dong 취암동 鷲岩洞
Buchang-dong 부창동 富倉洞

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Rhee In-je, three-time South Korean presidential candidate[20][21]
  • Chun Sung-gwan, Head of the Seoul Central District Prosecutor's Office (2009)[22]
  • Yeom Hong-chul, Mayor of Daejeon[23]
  • Go Soo, film and television actor
  • Park Beom-shin, writer

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 논산 100주년. 2014. Archived from the original on 2018-04-09. Retrieved 2018-04-09.
  2. ^ 눈산의 어제이야기, Nonsan Moon-hoa ueon: Nonsan Naedong, 2007.
  3. ^ Grager, Edwin H. (1994). Landownership under Colonial Rule: Korea's Japanese Experience, 1900-1935. University of Hawaii Press. p. 195. ISBN 9780824814977. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  4. ^ Lee, Bong (2003). The Unfinished War: Korea. new York: Algora. p. 222. ISBN 9780875862323. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  5. ^ a b "Grocery prices carousel never stops spinning". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  6. ^ (in Japanese) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-10-10. Retrieved 2006-09-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Limb Jae-un "Let Me Take You down to Nonsan," February 16, 2007
  8. ^ "Korean National Defense University relocation done: ministry". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  9. ^ 쌘뽈여자고등학교 홈페이지. sp.cnems.kr.
  10. ^ 박상현 (2018-02-13). 1천년 전 제작된 국내 최대 석불 '은진미륵' 국보 된다. 연합뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  11. ^ 백제 군사 박물관. Government of Nonsan.
  12. ^ Nonsan Strawberry Festival (논산 딸기축제) - Official Korea Tourism Organization. english.visitkorea.or.kr.
  13. ^ http://ggfestival.co.kr Archived 2013-05-23 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ 디지털논산문화대전에 오신 것을 환영합니다.. nonsan.grandculture.net.
  15. ^ http://tour.nonsan.go.kr Archived 2013-08-23 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Nonsan". Retrieved 2014-12-02.
  17. ^ [1] Archived June 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ KT&G 상상마당. Sangsangmadang.com. Archived from the original on 2011-09-03. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
  19. ^ "S. Korea pushes to register Confucian academies on UNESCO heritage list - YONHAP NEWS". english.yonhapnews.co.kr.
  20. ^ (in Korean) "Can Minor Candidates Become Major Leaguers," Korea Times online November 21, 2007: https://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2007/11/113_14066.html Archived February 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "UDP decides to leave Rhee on the outside". Korea JoongAng Daily.
  22. ^ JoongAng Daily online, 22 June 2009 http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2906411
  23. ^ "Profiles of Winners". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2010-06-02. Retrieved 2013-05-13.

External links[edit]