Nonthaburi Province

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Nonthaburi

นนทบุรี
Wat Poramaiyikawas Worawihan.jpg
Wat Chaloem Phrakiat.jpg
วัดกู้ อ.ปากเกร็ด จ.นนทบุรี (15).jpg
Nonthaburi1.jpg
IMPACT Arena.jpg
MRT Purple Line Train T013 20160806.jpg
Flag of Nonthaburi
Flag
Official seal of Nonthaburi
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Nonthaburi Province
Map of Thailand highlighting   Nonthaburi Province
Coordinates: 13°51′45″N 100°30′52″E / 13.86250°N 100.51444°E / 13.86250; 100.51444Coordinates: 13°51′45″N 100°30′52″E / 13.86250°N 100.51444°E / 13.86250; 100.51444
Founded1561
Incorporated into Bangkok1943
Separated from Bangkok1946
CapitalNonthaburi
Government
 • GovernorSuchin Chaichumsak
(since October 2019)[1]
Area
 • Total622 km2 (240 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 75th
Population
 (2018)[3]
 • Total1,246,295
 • RankRanked 16th
 • Density2,003.7/km2 (5,190/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 2nd
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.6788 "high"
Ranked 4th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
11xxx
Calling code02
ISO 3166 codeTH-12
Vehicle registrationนนทบุรี
Websitewww.nonthaburi.go.th

Nonthaburi (Thai: นนทบุรี, pronounced [nōn.tʰáʔ.bū.rīː]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946), which came into force on 9 May 1946.[5]

Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Pathum Thani, Bangkok, and Nakhon Pathom. Nonthaburi is the most densely populated province after Bangkok. The Bang Kwang Central Prison is in the province.

Geography[edit]

Nonthaburi is directly northwest of Bangkok on the Chao Phraya River. The province is part of the greater Bangkok Metropolitan Area. In most parts it is as urbanized as the capital[6], and the boundary between the two provinces is nearly unrecognizable.

History[edit]

Nonthaburi was declared a city in the middle of the 16th century. It was previously a village named Talat Khwan. During the reign of King Prasat Thong, a canal was dug to create a shortcut for the flow of the Chao Phraya. The river changed its flow into the new canal, which is still the riverbed today. In 1665 King Narai built a fortress, as the shorter river course was giving enemies an easier route to the capital, Ayutthaya. The town was then moved near the fortress.

From 1943 to 1946 the province was incorporated into Bangkok.

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows earthenware, a traditional product of Nonthaburi. The provincial flower and tree is the yellow flame tree (Peltophorum pterocarpum).

The provincial slogan translates to "Grand royal mansion, renowned Suan Somdet, Ko Kret's pottery, famous ancient temples, tasty durians, and the beautiful government office". The royal mansion refers to Phra Tamnak Nonthaburi in Mueang Nonthaburi District, the former residence of Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn. Princess Mother Srinagarindra Garden (Suan Somdet) is a water garden with a statue of princess Srinagarindra in the Pak Kret District. The provincial administration building once received an award as the most beautiful such building by the Ministry of Interior.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Nonthaburi province with districts
  City municipalities (thesaban nakhon)
  Town municipalities (thesaban mueang)
  Subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon)

Provincial government[edit]

The province is divided into six districts (amphoes).[3]The districts are further subdivided into 52 subdistricts (tambons) and 433 villages (mubans).

Local government[edit]

As of 8 September 2020 there are: one Nonthaburi Provincial Administrative Organization - PAO (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and twenty-two municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. The capital Nonthaburi and Pak Kret have city (thesaban nakhon) status. Further ten have town (thesaban mueang) status and ten subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon).[3]

  City municipalities People      
1 Nonthaburi[7] 254,375   2 Pak Kret[8] 190,272
  Town municipalities People      
1 Mai Bang Bua Thong[9] 54,554   6 Bang Kruai[10] 44,138
2 Bang Bua Thong[11] 51,420   7 Bang Khu Rat[12] 40,070
3 Bang Rak Pattana[13] 46,766   8 Bang Si Mueang[14] 32,880
4 Phimon Rat[15] 46,803   9 Sai Ma[16] 23,316
5 Bang Mae Nang[17] 45,974 10 Bang Krang[18] 23,010
  Subdistrict mun. People      
1 Plai Bang[19] 45,573   6 Bang Yai[19] 11,620
2 Sao Thong Hin[20] 39,315   7 Bang Si Thong[21] 11,203
3 Sala Klang[22] 18,582   8 Bang Phlap[23] 10,417
4 Ban Bang Muang[24] 17,526   9 Bang Muang[19]   5,843
5 Bang Len[25] 16,050 10 Sai Noi[19]   2,547

The non-municipal areas are administered by 23 Subdistrict Administrative Organizations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).


Agriculture[edit]

Nonthaburi Province is renowned for growing the best durians in the country. Durian has been a well-known fruit in this province for 400 years.[26] The fruit is known as "Durian Non" which means durian from Nonthaburi Province.[27] It is also known as the most expensive durian in the world.[26] There are six groups of Nonthaburi durian which are Kop, Luang, Kan Yao, Kampan, Thong Yoi, and miscellaneous.[27] Most durian orchards are near rivers such as the Chao Phraya. This is because the soil next to the river is good for planting which is also good for durian trees.[26] Many durian orchards have disappeared due to flooding and pollution.[27] The price of durian Non depends on its group. Kan Yao is the most expensive, starting from around 10,000 baht up to 20,000 baht (or about US$600) for one durian. The Kan Yao itself is not easy to find in normal markets. The main reason for the high price is because it is rare. The recent flood in 2011 cleared out almost all of the durian trees in Nonthaburi, and only a few trees have been newly planted.[26] Also, residential areas are expanding into agricultural areas.[27]

Health[edit]

Nonthaburi's main hospital operated by the Ministry of Public Health is Phra Nang Klao Hospital. It is also the location of the largest psychiatric hospital in Thailand- Srithanya Hospital.

Human achievement index 2017[edit]

Health Education Employment Income
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
10 3 34 3
Housing Family Transport Participation
586-house-with-garden.svg
Parents, enfants, famille.png
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61 30 1 73
Province Nonthaburi, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6788 is "high", occupies place 4 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[4]

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง แต่งตั้งข้าราชการพลเรือนสามัญ" [Announcement of the Prime Minister's Office regarding the appointment of civil servants] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 242 Ngor). 11. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  2. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.[dead link]
  3. ^ a b c "สถิติทางการทะเบียน" [Registration statistics]. bora.dopa.go.th. Department of Provincial Administration (DOPA). December 2019. Retrieved 22 September 2020. Download จำนวนประชากร ปี พ.ศ.2562 - Download population year 2019
  4. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  5. ^ พระราชบัญญัติจัดตั้งจังหวัดสมุทรปราการ จังหวัดนนทบุรี จังหวัดสมุทรสาคร และจังหวัดนครนายก พุทธศักราช ๒๔๘๙ [Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946)] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 63 (29 Kor): 315–317. 9 May 1946. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  6. ^ "นนทบุรี จูงมือเพื่อนสาว เที่ยวใกล้กรุงเทพ".
  7. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาจัดตั้งเทศบาลนครนนทบุรี จังหวัดนนทบุรี พ.ศ. ๒๕๓๘" [Royal Decree Establish of Nonthaburi city municipality, Nonthaburi province, B.E.2538 (1995)] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 112 (40 Kor): 29–32. 24 September 1995. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  8. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาจัดตั้งเทศบาลนครปากเกร็ด จังหวัดนนทบุรี พ.ศ. ๒๕๔๓" [Royal Decree Establish of Pak Kret city municipality, Nonthaburi province, B.E.2543 (2000)] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 117 (10 Kor): 25–28. 10 February 2000. Retrieved 10 December 2019, effectively on 20 April 2000
  9. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เป็ลี่ยนชี่อองค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลบางบัวทอง อำเภอบาบัวทอง จังหวัดนนทบุรี เป็นใหม่บางบัวทอง และจัดตั้งเทศบาลเมืองใหม่บางบัวทอง" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Change name of Bang Bua Thong Subdistrict Administrative Organization, Bang Bua Thong district, Nonthaburi province Is Mai Bang Bua Thong and establish as Mai Bang Bua Thong town municipality.] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 137 (Special 204 Ngor): 16–17. 8 September 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  10. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาจัดตั้งเทศบาลเมืองบางกรวย พ.ศ. ๒๕๔๕" [Royal Decree Bang Kruai town municipality B.E.2545] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 119 (122 Kor): 5–8. 16 December 2002. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  11. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาจัดตั้งเทศบาลเมืองบางบัวทอง จังหวัดนนทบุรี พ.ศ. ๒๔๘๐" [Royal Decree Establish of Bang Bua Thong town municipality, Nonthaburi province, B.E.2480 (1937)] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 54: 1859–1862. 14 March 1937. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  12. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง จัดตั้งองค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลบางคูรัด อำเภอบางบัวทอง จังหวัดนนทบุรี เป็นเทศบาลเมืองบางคูรัด" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Establishment of Bang Khu Rat Subdistrict Administrative Organization, Bang Bua Thong district, Nonthaburi province Is Bang Khu Rat town municipality.] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 33 Ngor): 15. 6 February 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  13. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง จัดตั้งองค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลบางรักพัฒนา อำเภอบางบัวทอง จังหวัดนนทบุรี เป็นเทศบาลเมืองบางรักพัฒนา" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Establishment of Bang Rak Pattana Subdistrict Administrative Organization, Bang Bua Thong district, Nonthaburi province Is Bang Rak Pattana town municipality.] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 265 Ngor): 5. 25 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  14. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนแปลงฐานะเทศบาลตำบลบางศรีเมือง อำเภอเมืองนนทบุรี จังหวัดนนทบุรี เป็นเทศบาลเมืองบางศรีเมือง" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Change status of Bang Si Mueang subdistrict municipality, Mueang Nonthaburi district, Nonthaburi province to Bang Si Mueang town municipality.] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 123 (Special Section 29 Ngor): 5. 23 February 2006. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  15. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง จัดตั้งองค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลพิมลราช อำเภอบางบัวทอง จังหวัดนนทบุรี เป็นเทศบาลเมืองพิมลราช" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Establishment of Phimon Rat Subdistrict Administrative Organization, Bang Bua Thong district, Nonthaburi province Is Phimon Rat town municipality.] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 131 (Special 41 Ngor): 5. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  16. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนแปลงฐานะเทศบาลตำบลไทรม้า อำเภอเมืองนนทบุรี จังหวัดนนทบุรี เป็นเทศบาลเมืองไทรม้า" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Establishment of Sai Ma Subdistrict Municipality, Mueang Nonthaburi district, Nonthaburi province Is Sai Ma town municipality.] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 137 (Special 172 Ngor): 9–10. 29 July 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  17. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง จัดตั้งองค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลบางแม่นาง อำเภอบาบัวทอง จังหวัดนนทบุรี เป็นเทศบาลเมืองบางแม่นาง" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Establishment of Bang Mae Nang Subdistrict Administrative Organization, Bang Bua Thong district, Nonthaburi province Is Bang Mae Nang town municipality.] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 137 (Special 66 Ngor): 8. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  18. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง จัดตั้งองค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลบางกร่าง อำเภอเมืองนนทบุรี จังหวัดนนทบุรี เป็นเทศบาลเมืองบางกร่าง" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Establishment of Bang Krang Subdistrict Administrative Organization, Mueang Nonthaburi district, Nonthaburi province Is Bang Krang town municipality.] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 137 (Special 132 Ngor): 6. 4 June 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  19. ^ a b c d "พระราชบัญญัติ เปลี่ยนแปลงฐานะของสุขาภิบาลเป็นเทศบาล พ.ศ.๒๕๔๒" [Royal Decree: Change Sanitation district to Municipality Act B.E. 2542 (1999)] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 116 (9 Kor): 1–4. 24 February 1999. Retrieved 20 March 2020. Sanitation districts Plai Bang, Bang Yai, Bang Muang and Sai Noi are upgraded to subdistrict municipality, effectively 25 May 1999
  20. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 12 September 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2020. No.4.15 Established Sao Thong Hin Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Yai district, Nonthaburi province is Sao Thong Hin subdistrict municipality.
  21. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 31 May 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2020. No.4.28 Established Bang Si Thong Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Kruai district, Nonthaburi province is Bang Si Thong subdistrict municipality, effectively 5 September 2013.
  22. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 15 August 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2009. Established Sala Klang Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Kruai district, Nonthaburi province is Sala Klang subdistrict municipality.
  23. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 3 September 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2020. No.4.119 Established Bang Phlap Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Pak Kret district, Nonthaburi province is Bang Phlap subdistrict municipality, effectively 6 September 2013.
  24. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 12 September 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2020. No.4.25 Established Ban Bang Muang Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Yai district, Nonthaburi province is Ban Bang Muang subdistrict municipality, effectively 30 September 2011.
  25. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 29 June 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2020. No.4.16 Established Bang Len Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Yai district, Nonthaburi province is Bang Len subdistrict municipality, effectively 30 September 2011.
  26. ^ a b c d Gasik, Lindsay. "The Most Expensive Durian In The World; Nonthaburi, Thailand". Year of the Durian. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  27. ^ a b c d [1] สำนักบรรณสารสนเทส มสธ. ทุเรียนนนท์ ฝ่ายอุทยานการศึกษา สำนักการศึกษาต่อเนื่อง มหาวิทยาลัยสุโขทัยธรรมาธิราช (Accessed on 9 September 2015)

External links[edit]