Nontron

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Nontron
Nontron church.JPG
Coat of arms of Nontron
Coat of arms
Location of Nontron
Nontron is located in France
Nontron
Nontron
Nontron is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Nontron
Nontron
Coordinates: 45°31′46″N 0°39′43″E / 45.5294°N 0.6619°E / 45.5294; 0.6619Coordinates: 45°31′46″N 0°39′43″E / 45.5294°N 0.6619°E / 45.5294; 0.6619
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentDordogne
ArrondissementNontron
CantonPérigord Vert Nontronnais
IntercommunalityPérigord Nontronnais
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Pierre Giry
Area
1
24.67 km2 (9.53 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
3,212
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
24311 /24300
Elevation183–274 m (600–899 ft)
(avg. 200 m or 660 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Nontron (French: [nɔ̃.tʁɔ̃]; Occitan: Nontronh [nunˈtɾuɲ]) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

History[edit]

According to the historian Ribault de Laugardière, the name Nontron derives from the Tyrian language, from Nata (valley) and Dun (mountain).[2] Over time, the placename has been spelt Natadun, Nattun, Nantrun and Nontroun, before the current Nontron.[2]

The town has probably existed for around 1100 years and has been invaded or sacked several times, including by Saracens in the seventh century and by Normans in the ninth century.[2] In the eighth century, a Gallo-Roman castrum was built for the Counts of Limoges and the Poitevin abbey of Charroux.[2]

Over the course of the centuries, the town changed hands several time until, after the French Revolution it became a subprefecture of the department of the Dordogne.[2] The town's railway station served passengers between 1891 and 1946, continuing to handle freight until 1970.[2] The town is known for producing a type of folding knife, known as the Nontron knife.[3]

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 2,356—    
1800 2,809+19.2%
1806 2,990+6.4%
1821 2,865−4.2%
1831 3,246+13.3%
1836 3,573+10.1%
1841 3,609+1.0%
1846 3,692+2.3%
1851 3,704+0.3%
1856 3,546−4.3%
1861 3,581+1.0%
1866 3,557−0.7%
1872 3,223−9.4%
1876 3,427+6.3%
1881 3,687+7.6%
1886 4,151+12.6%
1891 3,585−13.6%
1896 3,657+2.0%
1901 3,686+0.8%
1906 3,426−7.1%
1911 3,508+2.4%
1921 3,059−12.8%
1926 3,112+1.7%
1931 3,019−3.0%
1936 2,943−2.5%
1946 3,204+8.9%
1954 3,280+2.4%
1962 3,593+9.5%
1968 3,792+5.5%
1975 3,954+4.3%
1982 3,850−2.6%
1990 3,558−7.6%
1999 3,498−1.7%
2008 3,444−1.5%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Nontron in the French Wikipedia; last accessed 4 March 2009
  3. ^ "History of the Nontron Knife". Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  • Lapouge, Herve. Anciennes demures du Périgord.