Nor Hachn

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Coordinates: 40°18′07″N 44°34′59″E / 40.30194°N 44.58306°E / 40.30194; 44.58306

Nor Hachn
Նոր Հաճն
Nor Hachn
Nor Hachn
Nor Hachn is located in Armenia
Nor Hachn
Nor Hachn
Coordinates: 40°18′0″N 44°34′48″E / 40.30000°N 44.58000°E / 40.30000; 44.58000
Country Armenia
Province Kotayk
founded 1953
Government
 • Mayor Gagik Matevosyan
Area
 • Total 2.3 km2 (0.9 sq mi)
Elevation 1,920 m (6,300 ft)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 9,307
 • Density 4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Website Official web
Sources: Population [1]

Nor Hachn (Armenian: Նոր Հաճն), is a town in the Kotayk Province of Armenia, founded in 1953. The town is located on the right bank of Hrazdan River, to the west of the Arzni canyon, on the immediate proximity of the Arzni-Shamiram canal.

Nor Hachn is bordered by the village of Arzni and the town of Byureghavan on the east, the village of Nor Geghi on the north, the village of Nor Artamet on the west and the village of Getamej on the south. The Yeghvard training airfield is located to the west of Nor Hachn.

The town has a population of 9,307 per the 2011 census.

Etymology[edit]

History[edit]

Nor Hachn

The geographical location of present-day Nor Hachn corresponds with the location of the historical Kotayk canton of the Ayrarat province of the ancient Greater Armenia.

In 1953, a small settlement was founded near the village of Arzni to accommodate the workers of the nearby hydro power plants, mainly the Arzni Hydro Power Plant which was opened in 1956. Subsequently the settlement became popularly known as "Silovoy" (the Russian name of the power generator plant). With the establishment of the "Sapfir" stone-processing factory in 1958, along with many other industrial plants, a planned urban settlement was developed in the area of Silovoy settlement. During the 1960s, the new settlement was named Nor Hachn (New Haçin) in memory of the Armenian town of Hachn in Cilicia (nowadays known as Saimbeyli in modern-day Turkish Republic).[2]

Between 1988 and 1990, 374 Armenian refugees from Azerbaijan were resettled in Nor Hachn.

Nor Hachn used to be a major industrial centre within the Armenian SSR. However, after the independence of Armenia in 1991, very few industrial plants have survived in the town.

The town has been home to the "Lori" diamond-processing plant since 1992. The other; "Shoghakn" diamond-processing plant was closed in 2007.[3]

Geography[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Culture[edit]

Memorial to the Haçin resistance in Nor Hachn, erected in 1973

Nor Hachn has many cultural institutions, including a central library, a school of arts opened in 1968 and a house of culture opened in 1971.

In 1973, a memorial to the Haçin resistance was erected in Nor Hachn. It was designed by architect Rafael Israelyan. The memorial is home to the museum of "History of the Armenians of Cilicia". Every year, on the 2nd Sunday of October, Armenians from all over the world -mainly descendants of the historical town of Haçin- gather in Nor Hachn to commemorate the 1920 Hachn Resistance.

The town has 1 nursery school, 4 primary schools and 1 high school.

Transportation[edit]

Economy[edit]

Nor Hachn is famous for its diamond cutting plants with many enterprises including: the "Shoghakn" plant founded in 1958, the "Andranik" plant founded in 1994, the "Arevakn" plant founded in 2000, and the "Agates" plant founded in 2001.

Education[edit]

Nor Hachn is home to the Armenak Khanperyants Military Aviation Institute of the Ministry of Defence of Armenia.

Sport[edit]

Hachn FC was a football club from Nor Hachn, used to play their home games at the Hachn City Stadium of 5,000 seats. The club was dissolved in early 1997 due to financial difficulties and is currently inactive from professional football.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]