This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2006)
|Born||12 March 1923|
|Died||10 April 2005 (aged 82)|
|Associated acts||Amadeus Quartet|
Because of Brainin's Jewish origin, he was driven out of Vienna after Hitler's Anschluss of 1938, as were violinist Siegmund Nissel and violist Peter Schidlof. Brainin and Schidlof met in a British internment camp. Like many Jewish refugees they had the misfortune to be confined by the British as "enemy aliens" after reaching the UK. Brainin was released after a few months, but Schidlof remained in the camp, where he met Nissel. Finally Schidlof and Nissel were released, and the three were able to study with violin pedagogue Max Rostal, who taught them free of charge. Brainin won the 1946 Carl Flesch International Violin Competition, which Rostal co-founded.
It was through Rostal that they met cellist Martin Lovett, and in 1947 they formed the Brainin Quartet, which was renamed the Amadeus Quartet in 1948. They became one of the most celebrated quartets of the 20th century; its members were awarded numerous honours, including:
- Officer of the Order of the British Empire, presented by the Queen (1960)
- Doctorates from the Universities of London, York, and Caracas
- The highest of all German awards, the Grand Cross of Merit
- The Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art (1974)
The quartet disbanded in 1987 on the death of Schidlof, whom the surviving members considered irreplacible. Brainin continued to perform as a soloist, often with pianists Günter Ludwig and Maureen Jones. In 1992, he performed a benefit concert in Washington, D.C. for then-jailed presidential candidate Lyndon LaRouche.
- Obituary: Norbert Brainin, The Guardian 11 April 2005
- Boris Schwarz, revised by Margaret Campbell (2001). "Flesch, Carl". Grove Music Online. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.09814.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 398. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
- Murphy, Caryle, "Fund-Raiser for LaRouche Draws Complaints at GU", Washington Post, 12/07/1988